0
votes
0answers
2 views

Metallicity and incidence of rocky planets

Given all the stars we know up to this point with confirmed rock density planets, can we draw any statistically significant conclusions on any potential correlation between the metallicity of parent ...
0
votes
0answers
3 views

How easy is it to mine water on Ceres?

It has been suggested by some futuristic or sci fi leaning thinkers, that Ceres' surface might be mined for water to support human exploration and settlement of space. But NASA's Dawn mission and ...
2
votes
0answers
7 views

How thick can planetary rings be?

This arose from a comment on Worldbuilding. We have data from four planets in the Solar System with rings, which doesn't make for a very good sample size. Observations of exoplanets could change ...
2
votes
0answers
14 views

Available energy for potential life on Titan

There is an interesting discussion about whether there could be life on Saturn's moon Titan. The life could use reaction of hydrogen and acetylene which are being produced by photolysis in Titan's ...
2
votes
1answer
31 views

Orbiting and landing on non-sperical objects

If we orbit a non-spherical asteroid or moon at a sufficient distance I believe that we can consider it to be a point mass. Therefore we can take up a conventional orbit. Assuming our lander craft is ...
0
votes
1answer
7 views

How to specify SM libraries for MOOG

I am running MOOG on OS X Yosemite and with $MOOG running the abfind driver I can force fit elemental abundances with an appropriate input line list and model ...
0
votes
0answers
13 views

Want to know the exact stream for cosmology

I want to persue higher study in cosmology.which iiser and which stream should I opt for??
1
vote
0answers
14 views

Could evaporating hot Jupiters have metallic hydrogen on their surfaces?

Jupiter is believed to have metallic hydrogen in its core. And gas giants that migrate to become hot Jupiters are believed to evaporate, have their atmospheres blown away by their nearby star. Can ...
2
votes
2answers
44 views

How common are exoplanets in distant orbits?

Are there many single transits in the Kepler data, which might be exoplanets with a longer orbital period than the time they have been observed for transits? Can any conclusions be drawn about how ...
4
votes
1answer
66 views

Is it possible to create a traditional clock solar system?

Is it possible to create the following system of satellites?: Place a satellite that orbits the some object X, once per day. Call it D. Place a satellite that orbits D, once per hour. Call it H ...
1
vote
3answers
38 views

What is the average color of the universe?

Our Earth, being a beautiful blue orb, has an overall perceived wavelength of somewhere near 470 nm, that being the wavelength of light blue, because the oceans play an enormous role in the weighted ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

What is the probability of an astronomical body hitting you?

It appears that there is already a calculated ballpark for meteor fatalities, but what about other factors such as space trash, comets, and other miscellaneous items in space? Is it possible to ...
3
votes
1answer
20 views

Do celestial bodies have many asteroids orbiting them?

Are there statistics on the expected number of asteroids (of various sizes) to orbit planets and moons in our (or other) solar systems? Do we know of other natural bodies orbiting the Earth (besides ...
2
votes
0answers
75 views

Why are there no stars on New Horizons images of Pluto

I followed the New Horizons Mission a little, and saw among others this image of Pluto: I wonder, why you can't see any stars on it. As far as my very basic knowledge in astronomy goes, I think you ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Before Voyager 2, what were the highest quality photos of Uranus and Neptune?

I'm in search of historical knowledge of the outer ice giants, which seems so hard to come by. Right now I would be happy with just a photo of each, the best photo we had of them before Voyager 2. ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

How large must an object be to be seen through a telescope?

I've studied this in a few optics classes before, but I'm drawing a blank at the moment. If I know the aperture size and focal length of a telescope, as well as how far away the object I want to view ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Hubble law, cosmological redshift and distance

I have got confused with some cosmology formulas which calculate distance. The most famous formula is indeed the Hubble law which says (nowadays) velocity is proportional to Hubble's parameter at ...
2
votes
0answers
19 views

How to read NOAA/NASA GOES satellite data? [migrated]

I requested satellite image data (GVAR_IMG) for a project that I am working on from the GOES satellite, but I don't know what format it's in or how to read it. When I open it with a text editor it is ...
7
votes
1answer
111 views

How did New Horizons take such well-lit pictures of Pluto?

The photos of Pluto from New Horizons are truly beautiful. But considering that Pluto is so far away from its nearest start - our Sun - how is it so well lit up? Did the New Horizons have a massive ...
3
votes
3answers
62 views

How much more massive would Pluto have to be to clear its neighborhood?

How much more massive would Pluto have to be to clear its neighborhood?
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Is expanding universe adding potential energy?

A system with two massive bodies has potential energy proportional to their separation. Since the universe is expanding, is the potential (and total?) energy of such a system slowly increasing? What ...
3
votes
1answer
286 views

How can a planet have a 90° inclination?

Planetary systems as we understand it exist from a disk of mass when the parent star is young. That's why all our planets are in the same plane, or close to it. See also Why is the solar system ...
3
votes
0answers
35 views

Orbits in a binary star system

I know of three sets of stable orbits in a binary star system: orbiting closely around star A, orbiting closely around star B, or orbiting distantly around both stars (and their mutual center of ...
1
vote
1answer
23 views

Why do some neutron stars become pulsars? [duplicate]

I suspect this may be an open problem in astronomy, but I have to ask anyway. There doesn't seem to be any large-scale difference in the formation of pulsars from the formation of "normal" neutron ...
9
votes
1answer
534 views

Do all orbiting bodies eventually collide?

If two celestial bodies are in orbit, will they always eventually collide if not acted upon by outside forces?
0
votes
1answer
48 views

Where can I find a catalog for stars within 450 light-years of Earth?

Where can I find a catalog for stars within 450 light-years of Earth? I'd prefer one that has approximated masses as well.
1
vote
2answers
67 views

What does Stephen Hawking mean by 'an infinite universe'?

In the recent $100m search for extra terrestrial life project project, Stephen Hawking is quoted in the following way: "We believe that life arose spontaneously on Earth," Hawking said at Monday's ...
1
vote
0answers
15 views

How can exoplanet moons be detected? [duplicate]

How can exoplanet moons be detected? Are there current methods to differentiate exoplanets with moons and exoplanets without moons? Or, are only the combined masses of the exoplanet and its moons ...
4
votes
1answer
32 views

Why do some artificial satellites decrease and increase in brightness multiple times?

I just observed a satellite almost directly above me travel for a few minutes while constantly dimming and then getting brighter. It did this for about 3 minutes until it faded out. I also observed a ...
2
votes
1answer
40 views

About the reference for equation of state

Well, I am a post graduate studying mathematics. Current I am working on the mathematical theory of star(not an expert thought). When I am making some assumption on the equation of state (for a star ...
-2
votes
1answer
26 views

What would Earthlike planets bigger than Earth with <10 m/s^2 gravity and complex life be like?

Large is bigger than Earth. Assuming that such planets exist (though I guess if such planets don't exist that would explain much of the Fermi paradox). Maybe some amount of iron is needed though, to ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

If your near a black hole and your time is slowed down, would a supernova be observable to both you and someone outside of the blackhole's pull?

Let's say that Person A is on a planet orbiting a blackhole(Like the one from interstellar) and time is slowed for Person A. Person B is back home on Earth. Now let's say a supernova happens and it's ...
2
votes
2answers
30 views

Galaxy Cluster Temperature

I've read once in an article that the temperature of the medium between the galaxy superclusters is extremely high. What does that temperature really mean? particles' velocity? Why is that so? Is ...
3
votes
1answer
115 views

Are there any Stars we know don't have planets?

We have been looking for planets around other stars for a while (see related Are there any other Earth-like planets in the universe? ) and we are finding lots of planets, some of them are Earth like ...
6
votes
1answer
88 views

why does pluto have a high orbital inclination

Pluto has a high orbital inclination compared to the planets in our solar system. What has caused Pluto to have such a different orbit -- was it always like this, or did something happen to make it ...
-1
votes
0answers
17 views

What is the command to start star lab software [on hold]

I have installed starlab software. I need to know the command to start star lab.
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Linear motion in the equatorial frame

I would like to calculate how the RA/Dec changes when an object has an apparent linear motionin the equatorial sphere. For example, more or less what an artificial satellite would do in a circular ...
2
votes
3answers
112 views

During night on the Moon is there Earth light and Earth phases?

I realise that night time on the Moon is two weeks, however I am curious if during the night there, whether or not the Earth reflects light in similar manner to the Moon. On the one hand, I know it ...
3
votes
1answer
31 views

First time visit to dark sky stargazing site: what do I need?

Complete newbie here. I have an opportunity to visit one of the few designated dark sky sites here in Pennsylvania, Cherry Springs State Park. I plan on camping out over night, but I have never gone ...
1
vote
0answers
18 views

How to find the distance between two quasars

I want to calculate the distance between two quasars of which I know the angular position and the red shift. Let $Q_1=(\alpha_1,\delta_1, z_1)$ and $Q_2=(\alpha 2,\delta 2, z_2)$ and suppose $z_2 > ...
2
votes
2answers
70 views

Massive Nearby Stars

Is there a possibility that I will find records of stars with masses around 25-30 solar masses within 30 parsecs of solar system. If not, how far do I need to look?
6
votes
1answer
88 views

Pluto- Current theories regarding its geological nature?

The images of New Horizons from Pluto will take more a year to arrive from space, for the moment with have some compressed images as a preview. Nasa has advanced some information regarding the ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

Calculating the mass of star

I am doing a project which requires that I have data for the mass of several stars. However, the data for mass of stars is obviously not readily available as it's really hard to calculate. In such a ...
4
votes
1answer
66 views

Speed of blast from supernova

How fast does the blast front of a supernova expand at? Is it close to the speed of light or is it less than a quarter of the speed of light?
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Can a supernova make a new star? [duplicate]

Today I was wondering with a friend about the birth of a star. So we know that stars are born from a nebula, but the residue of a dead star (like a supernova) is itself a nebula. So can a star be born ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Any freely available large stellar spectra catalog?

For a non-astronomy personal project I would like to have a large set of optical stellar spectra combined with absolute magnitude when available. I search for a dataset that contains 10k - 10M ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Has SETI data been used for astrophysics? How, or why not?

SETI collects alot of data from space, mostly radio. I wonder if this data has any astrophysics value other than SETI?
0
votes
0answers
15 views

How will the Breakthrough Initiatives affect other astronomy observations?

BACKGROUND The Breakthrough Initiatives is in the news because of a $100 million private donation for a SETI project. It doesn't seem to be for building any new observatory (but maybe for buying ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Can a galaxy splits into multiple galaxies?

Is there any naturally occurring event powerful enough that can cause a galaxy regardless of shape and size to divide itself into two or more smaller galaxies?
4
votes
1answer
85 views

Could an ejected “extra ice-giant” still be lurking in distant solar orbit?

BACKGROUND Hot Jupiters are thought to have migrated inwards, implying that another giant planet has been ejected in order to conserve the orbital momentum of those planetary systems. The number of ...

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