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Well, the title says everything... How many earth-like planets have we discovered out there? Discard too big (made of gas), too cold, too hot, etc. Consider earth-like sun distance, size, temperature, the rocky ones...

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Twelve plus Mars are considered as potentially habitable (as of February 10, 2014).

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Mars? Seriously? With artificial live support almost any (even the moon) can be. –  Magno C Feb 11 at 22:45
    
That's according to the current assessment. The definition of "potentially habitable" has been chosen rather wide with the discovery of extremophiles. Only two of the twelve have an Earth Similarity Index of above 0.8. (phl.upr.edu/projects/earth-similarity-index-esi) –  Gerald Feb 11 at 23:35
    
Extremophiles exist on Mars? –  Magno C Feb 17 at 13:16
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There is no evidence for extant or extinct life on Mars yet. But we know by now almost for shure, that Mars has been habitable for microorganisms about 4 billion years ago. On Earth some microorganisms live above 100 centigrade, others can survive temperatures close to absolute zero. Only for some period they need liquid water. Some extremophiles can be transported from Earth to Mars as spores and survive there for a while. This is called forward contamination; missions to Mars always need to take care to avoid this, to avoid false positive life detection in future missions. –  Gerald Feb 18 at 22:11
    
ESA ExoMars is designed to look for extant and extinct life on Mars. Hence these options are taken into account. At the moment, it's not ruled out, that extant life could exist underground on Mars. –  Gerald Feb 18 at 22:15

The question was whether there were any "Earth-like" planets, not whether any were habitable. I believe the answer is currently no.

Of the 22 (as of now) confirmed potentially habitable planets most orbit K and M-dwarfs and are much closer to their Sun than we are; all have orbital periods less than 300 days. All are probably bigger and more massive than the Earth.

So it depends how far you are prepared to stretch your definition of "Earth-like", but I would say there are none.

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