+taupunkt basically answered this: the thin lunar crescent after New Moon is only visible for a short while after sunset. While the sun is up, the moon is invisible and it becomes visible when, after sunset, the sky turns dark enough. However, the moon will set typically 1-2 hours after sunset, and will become invisible some time before that due to atmospheric extinction. Whether or not, and if so for how long, you can actually see the moon's crescent depends on the local cirumstances: the distance between the sun and moon (which correlates with the lunar phase and depends on your geographical longitude), the angle between the ecliptic and the horizon (depends on your latitude), whether you're in a mountainous area (and if so, whether you're on a mountain top or in a valley), atmospheric humidity, the weather (a few clouds at the western horizon is all it takes), whether you use your naked eye, binoculars or a telescope, your eyesight and experience, etc.
Because of this, it is difficult to predict when you can see the first/last moon crescent. I use this paper to do that for the Netherlands (Google translation, should be ok since it's a table) and for the naked eye. One thing that strikes me is that of the 25 cases of a first/last crescent sighting this year, the lunar phase ranges from 1.2-9.2%, with a mean of 4.0%, so 0.8% seems to be rather optimistic. You may allow the use a telescope though.
The table doesn't list how long the moon is visible for (the prediction of whether the moon is visible or not is sufficiently uncertain by itself), but it will definitely not be more than the time difference between the rise/set times of the sun and moon (~1-2h). If we use half of the average of those numbers, we get 45 minutes, which may well be optimistic but is not too unrealistic either (for a ~4% crescent). The other ingredient is how long the lunar phase is at 0.8%. Assuming that this means between 0.75% (below which it would be rounded down to 0.7%) and 0.85% (above which it would be 0.9%) this was the case for ~97 minutes for the last time this happened (July 27). Together with the 45-minute observation window, this gives a ~142-minute window of opportunity, or about 10% of a day, indicating that the crescent would be visible from ~10% of the earth.
Remember that we assumed a 4% crescent here, not 0.8%, so this 10% is an overestimation. My guess is that it is a huge overestimation, since in most places you will not be able to see the moon with the unaided eye at all. Even if the moon were somehow visible for an instant everywhere, the fraction of the earth the 0.8% crescent is visible from would drop to ~6.7%. If you want a more precise definition of 0.8%, e.g. 0.80%, or between 0.795% and 0.805%, the moon spends about 10 minutes at the desired phase and this would be visible from 0.7% of the earth.
Then again, you may allow the use of a telecope, so that you can see the moon even during day time. If you also don't worry about the weather, the window of observation would be 12 hours (since the moon is up for observers at about 50% of the earth's surface) and with the 97-minute time window for which the crescent is between 0.75% and 0.85%, the 0.8% crescent would be visible from about 57% of our planet's surface. For 0.795%-0.805%, this would be 51% of the earth.
The conclusion is that a 0.8% crescent of the moon is visible from beteen 0% and 60% of the surface of the earth, depending on your exact definitions and your choice of accuracy and optical aid.