Questions regarding the currently prevalent cosmological model for the origin of the universe.

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$\Lambda$CDM Model and the early stages of the Universe

We know that the radiation dominant era lasted for 50,000 years, how? What equations give us the result of 50,000 years and how are we certain that we are talking about radiation dominant era, same ...
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2answers
51 views

How is it possible that the CMB approaches the earth from all directions?

I presume that the photons from the CMB approach the earth from all directions, otherwise we couldn't detect them with a picture where it is present everywhere in the universe with a tiny anisotropy. ...
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2answers
111 views

Question about space-time

In the Big Bang model of the Universe, every observable thing is thought to have expanded very abruptly from a point of infinite density and zero volume. However, the problem with this assertion is ...
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1answer
35 views

Is nucleosynthesis responsible for the expansion of the universe?

Is it just a coincidence that the two major expansionary periods occur close to periods of nucleosynthesis? Big Bang nucleosynthesis occurred very close to the inflationary period. Supernova and ...
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2answers
106 views

Why Milky Way and Andromeda are being drawn together if there was 'Big Bang'?

Scientists used to use following reasoning: most galaxies are red-shifted $\implies$ there was a 'Big Bang' Why this is being considered valid since not every galaxy has such property?
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1answer
49 views

Gravitational Waves and the Big bang

The Ligo website says "Detecting the relic gravitational waves from the Big Bang will allow us to see farther back into the history of the Universe than ever before." I find this puzzling. How can a ...
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2answers
84 views

When was visible light for the first time created?

"A few minutes into the expansion, when the temperature was about a billion (one thousand million) kelvin and the density was about that of air, neutrons combined with protons to form the universe's ...
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1answer
97 views

Is it possible to get a glimpse of the Big Bang through gravitation waves?

I read in an article announcing the detection of gravitational waves by LIGO that it will be possible to detect them from the Big Bang. Is this true?
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1answer
55 views

What was “space” like before big bang?

I have a simple question which I think about often but have no answer. If The Big Bang is true, than if the whole space was just a point 14 billion years ago, then what was around that point, some ...
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1answer
48 views

The big bang and our expanding universe

The Hubble telescope can see the light from the big bang.My question is if our universe is expanding that would make everything that's in front of our solar system be in the future? And also can ...
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7answers
1k views

Do we know the exact spot where big bang took place?

If you rewind the universe back 14,7 billion years, all matter were in one spot, and then started expanding. Do we know where this is in reference to our own solar system? And is there anything there? ...
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1answer
62 views

Second Big Bang [duplicate]

Just say you are immortal and will live forever. Since the universe is claimed to be unstable, what would happen after it ends? Would all of the universe's mass just fly back into another compressed ...
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2answers
76 views

Center of the universe

Big bang is not an explosion, but an expansion of space and time. Universe had almost infinite density... wait a moment. If it had ALMOST infinite density, it had a certain volume, and thus, space ...
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1answer
52 views

When I read that a system is located x light years away, why is there no direction?

Well, I just read an article about a galaxy with two black holes, and it stated that the galaxy is 1 billion light-years away. Why is there no direction given? If the Big Bang happened, and things are ...
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1answer
81 views

How do we know that the Universe is still expanding now?

Yes, I know that most galaxies have a red shift and that means they are moving away from us. The problem is that the farthest galaxies are 13.8 billion light years away. That means that the info is ...
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2answers
245 views

How can we be 13.2 billion light years from another galaxy?

How did we get 13.2 billion light years from the faraway galaxies being discovered with Hubble? If we all started near each other at the Big Bang, and we all travelled slower than the speed of light, ...
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5answers
557 views

Why can we still see 10 billion year old galaxies?

I've never fully understood why we can still see galaxies that are 10 billion light years away. The age of the universe is calculated to be 13.9 billion years old and we live on a planet that it is ...
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1answer
110 views

Where did everything come from?

Where did all the material and gas contained in our universe come from? If it was the size of a "coin," then it could not have contained all the matter that is in our universe today before the Big ...
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2answers
163 views

How do we know the universe's expansion is speeding up?

Please forgive my ignorance, I am not an astronomer, just an interested layman. The further away a galaxy is from us, the faster it is moving away from us. But the galaxies we see exist in the ...
2
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1answer
74 views

A universal reference point [duplicate]

I would like to use a system of co-ordinates (x,y,z,t) based on a specific well known point. My original choice (the center of the universe in the big bang theory, Bigbang0), was wrong as the universe ...
2
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1answer
89 views

Strength of gravity during the big bang?

I was watching a documentary on the big bang, one of the astronomers said that initially the four fundamental forces were combined as one, they then emerged to become: The strong and weak nuclear ...
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1answer
44 views

Is the time lapse considered when estimating the age of the universe?

We say that our universe is 13.7 billion years ago. During the big bang, it doubled at least 90 times in trillionth of a second (as given here), and other topological statements. The question is ...
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5answers
693 views

How far away is the light that would reveal the Big Bang?

I guess theoretically if we could go faster than light, which we clearly cannot, at some point we'd be able to see the big bang itself. Just curious - how far away is that light?
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1answer
122 views

Is any consensus forming on the solution to the “Lithium Problem”?

The "Lithium Problem" relates to the fact very-low-metallicity stars appear to have a Li/H ratio approximately one third of what would be expected. The ratio should be the same as the prediction from ...
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2answers
47 views

Could we estimate the age of the universe based on the planar property of the Solar System?

The Big Bang scattered planets and stars everywhere in three dimensions. But after billion years of moving and interacting with each others through gravity, planets moved on the same plane. Given ...
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3answers
71 views

Is it just the observable universe that is expanding?

Is it possible that it is just our observable part of the universe that is expanding, in the time that we exist, and other parts are both expanding and contracting at different rates and times? Would ...
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1answer
116 views

Did Big Bang sound as loud as we think?

As we all know, There is no sound in space, because sound waves don't travel in a vacuum. But even if Big Bang did sound, what was the main source of it's cause?
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1answer
131 views

Isn't the date of the Big Bang a bit bogus?

If I understand correctly, the date of the Big Bang is an extrapolation of acceleration of the universe's expansion through time based on the erroneous assumption that the universe is approximately 13 ...
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3answers
201 views

Are there heavenly bodies between galaxies?

I do understand that galaxies were formed in the famous Big Bang. However, I also understand that if such an explosion occurs in empty space it will never form distinct galaxies, it should more or ...
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4answers
706 views

Why did the big bang not just produce a big black hole?

Questions I've often wondered about: 1) If all the matter and energy were concentrated at a single point at the big bang, why wasn't that a black hole, or why didn't it form one? 2) If the reason #1 ...
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0answers
47 views

Why would it matter to us if space is infinite versus being finite? [closed]

More specificlly, what are some of the differences for contemporary sciences and humanity if there are multiple universes versus just one? I ask because I'm writing a story and I want to put into ...
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2answers
101 views

Was the Universe expanding before the beginning of inflation?

My point of view is that first there was the Big Bang singularity, and then the period of inflation which resulted in the observable Universe becoming many times bigger. But was the Universe expanding ...
2
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2answers
84 views

Is mass+energy conserved when a new universe forms inside a black hole?

My understanding is that there are credible theories out there in which the formation of a singularity in a black hole also represents the beginning of a new universe via a big bang. We can't see the ...
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2answers
83 views

How was all the matter curled up inside a singularity during big bang ?

If the singularity had infinite mass, temperature and density, then it should curve space and time but there was no space-time before big bang. So where did the singularity come to existence without ...
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1answer
63 views

How come, in our lifetime, we will see the first stars which ever formed?

Isn't it an unlikely coincidence that we live in such special times, that we will have observatories (JWST) that see all the way back to the first starlight in the universe? Are we dreaming, and is it ...
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2answers
84 views

The Fermi paradox

Ok so I was reading about the Fermi paradox, assuming life will form and thrive where possible as soon as possible and there is a very probable chance many other earths formed would they have started ...
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2answers
89 views

Calculating the age of the universe

Is the calculated age of the universe that of the visible universe or the entire universe? I dont know how the age is calculated but if it is believed that all we see visibly IS the entire universe ...
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1answer
120 views

Why are explosions always used to represent the Big Bang?

In documentaries the Big Bang is often represented as blackness followed by a big explosion with loud noises. This always feels cheap and falling short of explaining the origin of the Universe. Is ...
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1answer
126 views

What is the explanation for rapid inflation just after the big bang?

I often hear about cosmic inflation occurring rapidly after the Big Bang, but have never came across any explanation for it. What supposedly caused this inflationary period in the early universe? ...
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4answers
572 views

How can the universe be infinite?

I've heard from renowned astrophysicists that we don't yet know whether or not the Universe is infinite. How is that possible regarding the big bang theory is accepted (as they all do)? Are they ...
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2answers
110 views

Big Bang / Big Crunch cycle?

I've been reading some of Stephen Hawking's work on the theory of the expansion (and ultimate contraction) of the universe and was curious if anyone has every hypothesized that the universe has ...
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1answer
45 views

How do we get radio signals of the big bang?

From TV shows I have known that we still get some radio signals of the big bang and they are every where. My question is is the universe expanding so fast that even electromagnetic wave has failed to ...
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1answer
783 views

Distance between Earth and where The Big Bang's happened? [duplicate]

The universe is around 13.8 billion years old. We know how fast the light is. We also know how fast our galaxy moving around inside observable universe. Is it possible to calculating distance ...
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3answers
272 views

How is the universe bordered?

This answer says that some models describes the universe as finite. How do those models describe the universe's border? Does the border (theoretically) exist? Is it a solid border? Do they predict ...
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0answers
94 views

How do we know the big bang expanded space and not the other way around?

Whenever we hear an explanation about the big bang, it is always phrased in such a way that it was an explosion which used some kind of pressure to expanded the universe out. I wonder, however, would ...
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4answers
812 views

What is in the center of the universe?

If the universe has formed & originated by a Big Bang Explosion, then there must be empty space left in the center of the explosion site, as all the matter is travelling at tremendous speeds away ...
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2answers
234 views

Time dilation at the Big Bang [duplicate]

At the time the Big Bang happened the matter had enormous density. According the GR (I may be wrong here) such density dilates time. If so, could it be that the time periods just after Big Bang which ...
2
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1answer
60 views

Matter and Antimatter Interaction in the early Universe

Well it is said that during the Big Bang, things were created in pairs: one matter and one anti-matter. I think its a part of the Big-Bang Theory. It is also said that matter + anti-matter - Energy ...
4
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1answer
80 views

Formation of Cosmic Microwave Background

It is said that the cosmic microwave radiation (CMB) was formed when the universe was 379,000 years old. How is this calculated?
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1answer
88 views

If the speed at which the universe contracts in reverse time decreases over time, then how did scientists arrive at a date for “The Big Bang”?

If the speed at which the universe expands is constantly increasing (just like a derivative), then the opposite must also be true: the speed at which the universe contracts in reverse time is ...