Questions on systems to uniquely determine position of a point or other geometric element on a manifold such as Euclidean space.

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1answer
87 views

Finding a location using the direction of shadow, UT and date approximately

Does anyone know how to find a location by using : the direction of shadow relative to the normal (for example azimuth angle) the Universal time (UT) and date I have a satellite image and I know ...
1
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1answer
62 views

uses of coordinate systems

Wikipedia describes the five following celestial coordinate systems each with rectangular/spherical variants: horizontal equatorial ecliptic galactic supergalactic What are the practical preferred ...
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0answers
18 views

Protocol for establishing longitudinal meridians on other heavenly bodies

When we first observe a new heavenly body (it could be a new star, asteroid, etc., but let's say a minor planet in our own solar system), are there any procedures set in place for establishing a ...
2
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0answers
72 views

Earth-Centered Earth-Fixed coordinates with respect to heliocentric coordinate system at vernal equinox

I am trying to calculate the position of a point on the Earth's surface with respect to the Sun's center at certain date at time. For what I am trying to do it is OK to ignore precession of Earth's ...
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0answers
38 views

Is Nomad data heliocentric or geocentric?

I'm wondering if the data in star catalogues are heliocentric equatorial coordinates or geocentric equatorial coordinates. Also given the distance between stars compared to the distance between the ...
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0answers
57 views

Coordinates reduction python

How can I calculate position (alt, az) of star for observer at some station (longitude, latitude) on specific date and time? I need full coordinates reduction with all elements included in calculation ...
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0answers
51 views

Planetary reference systems and time

I am researching into how coordinate systems of solar systems objects are created by reading some of the reports written by the Working Group on Cartographic Coordinates and Rotational Elements (e.g. ...
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0answers
50 views

Calculating AZ and ALT from RA and DEC: values are slightly different from Stellarium

I'm developing my own planetarium software and I using Stellarium to check if the values a get from my software are correct or not. All values are roughly equal, being different only in the seconds. ...
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0answers
59 views

coordinates in ICRF

The International Celestial Reference Frame (ICRF) is defined based on distant quasars and the origin is the barycentre of the Solar system. So, how can we measure the coordinates (\alpha, \delta) of ...
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38 views

Converting ecliptical to equatorial coordinates

When looking for a formula to convert polar ecliptic geocentric coordinates of an object to equatorial coordinates I find various sources that give these formulae (like Wikipedia): Declination $δ = ...