Questions regarding the amount of space between two objects, the units, or measurement thereof.

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0answers
67 views

what is the Exact Distance between Mercury & Venus? [on hold]

Can any one tell me what is the Exact Distance between Mercury & Venus?
0
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1answer
30 views

Moving-Cluster method for determination of the distance of Hyades. A starter problem

I am currently following a class of observational astronomy lab. I will present a brief description of the method in first and then proceed to the question, so anyone is welcomed to read the entire ...
0
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2answers
124 views

Are we made of stars we're seeing? [duplicate]

a fresh astronomy enthusiast here. Recently I've been reading upon how immensely far other stars are from our solar system and how is it possible that we may be seeing stars that are already dead. My ...
8
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1answer
69 views

How to find the distance between two quasars

I want to calculate the distance between two quasars of which I know the angular position and the red shift. Let $Q_1=(\alpha_1,\delta_1, z_1)$ and $Q_2=(\alpha 2,\delta 2, z_2)$ and suppose $z_2 > ...
0
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1answer
60 views

Seeing a galaxy (quasar) greater than 46.6 billion light years away

Assuming the Big Bang was 13.8 Billion Years ago: Is it possible to observe a Galaxy's redshift showing distances slightly greater than that, like 48 Billion Light Years away? I understand that in a ...
0
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2answers
64 views

What would be the apparent magnitude of Betelgeuse if it were as close to Earth as Sirius?

How large and bright would Betelgeuse appear if it were as close to Earth as Sirius, before and after it goes supernova?
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2answers
54 views

Can we tell how fast bodies are moving away by measuring their frequency?

It's clear the universe is expanding because light from distant bodies, like galaxies, are shifted towards the red side of the spectrum. In other words, the light measured is more red than it should ...
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3answers
70 views

What is the definition of “deep space”?

I need to know the definition of deep space. I am an amateur astronomer, and am experiencing some difficulty understanding this.
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2answers
43 views

Approximate distance from Earth to Mars at a given moment with reasonable (+/-100km) accuracy?

I've been scouring the internet for a straightforward way to approximate the distance between Earth and Mars at a given time. I hope to achieve an accuracy of about 100km.
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2answers
58 views

Measuring star distance by parallax using a small telescope

I was wondering if it's possible to measure star distance using parallax at home with a small telescope (Something like a 3-inch reflector)? Or is this not really practical?
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1answer
43 views

The moon: how to determine its size, speed and distance from earth using a simple telescope?

Assuming I only have a simple telescope, how can I determine the size of the moon, its angular velocity and distance from earth?
2
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1answer
167 views

How do we know galaxy GN-z11 is as far away as it is?

The news media recently reported that galaxy GN-z11, formed just 400 million years after the big bang, is much further away than originally thought at perhaps 13.2 billion light years. They say, ...
0
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1answer
29 views

Angular distance/apparent separation between AE Aurigae and Orion's belt

The title perhaps gives the question away, but would anyone know/be able to roughly approximate the angular distance/apparent separation between AE Aurigae and Orion's belt. I have the value of ...
1
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1answer
68 views

What is the distance of earth from 7 planets, moon and sun at a point of time?

I wanted to know the distance of the 7 planets(mercury, mars, venus, jupiter,saturn, uranus, neptune) each (or at least 5 planets) from the earth and the angle that it will make with a line connecting ...
3
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1answer
53 views

Is it possible to get the distance to a star in the IPHAS DR2 catalog?

I'm looking at the IPHAS DR2 catalog. It has the Right Ascension and Declination but I'm not seeing any distance information (lightyears or parsecs). I'm wondering, given the columns in the dataset, ...
3
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1answer
203 views

Are there good animations of the movement of proximate stars over long time periods?

After reading about Barnard's Star and how it's approaching us 140 km/sec, I'm curious if there are any visualizations of how the nearest stars to Sol will be moving over the next 100k years or so. ...
9
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1answer
259 views

How would parallax affect an object at 200-1000 AU (for example, the 9th planet)?

We know from this question that an object is hypothesized to be at between 200-1000 AU that is large enough to detect, known now as the 9th planet. It should move about 40 arcseconds per year. It ...
1
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1answer
59 views

Why there is no axis measurement when telling distance between objects in space ?

What's in upper part in our galaxy ? If space is 3 dimensional, what lies beneath solar system, or in upper part ? Why it seems from every graphical view of solar system / galaxy, everything is in one ...
4
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1answer
64 views

Sun as our Supergiant

Let's talk about the time when our sun becomes a supergiant. We know that our solar system may get destroyed or it may get affected due the large mass of the supergiant and also due to the large ...
3
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1answer
90 views

What is the scale of things you can see with gravitational lensing?

I'm trying to understand the examples of gravity lensing (using the general relativity property of large masses to bend light like a lens). Most of the examples I see are of some galaxy (presumably ...
2
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1answer
44 views

Where can I look up the 3D positions of the closest stars? [duplicate]

The problem: I want to simulate a travel from Earth to the closest 15-25 stars. Which is the fastest way to accomplish this? What i have: I currently have the distance between Earth and the nearby ...
4
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2answers
193 views

Are planets moving away from the sun?

I saw on the tv show Through the Wormhole (hosted by Morgan Freeman) that the planets in our solar system have been continuously moving away from the sun for millions of years. however, when I try to ...
4
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1answer
179 views

What is the angle between the equator of the sun, and the plane of the Earth's orbit

I want to know the angle between the plane that passes through the centre of sun and is perpendicular to its spin axis, and the plane that contains the orbit of earth around sun? Is this a fixed ...
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1answer
58 views

Calculate Atmospheric Extinction Using Source Altitude Angle

I am trying to code up the following article http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2349512 (alternative free access version) to calculate the light reflected from the moon to a given point on earth at a ...
9
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2answers
176 views

Is the diameter of the observable universe a relative quantity?

The diameter of my observable universe is 90 billion ly measured in proper distance. But isn't lenght a relative quantity in the theory of Relativity? Could an observer moving at a different velocity ...
0
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1answer
50 views

How can I find out which known stars lie within or close to M8

I'm looking for a way to find stars within a certain region of space, the Lagoona Nebula in this case, based on what we currently know. Are there some databases that allow you to make such queries? ...
5
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3answers
556 views

What would the night sky look like if Earth orbited an intergalactic star?

If the Earth and its host star were located exactly in-between the Milky Way and Andromeda would the night sky be completely void of light? Would stars be visible to the unaided eye? So there could ...
14
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2answers
8k views

What is the distance that the Moon travels during one orbit around the Earth?

Also, does it always take the same amount of time, or does it fractionally differ on each revolution?
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0answers
104 views

Will Hubble's law always be accurate?

We have Hubble's law: v=Hd where H is the Hubble parameter, which is decreasing in value, but it will be constant in the distant future. So, assumming the Standard Model of Cosmology holds true, ...
2
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2answers
246 views

How to calculate position of an unknown star knowing positions of some other stars from an image?

Suppose I know the coordinates (right ascension and declination) of the stars marked with red. How should I calculate the coordinates of an unknown star, marked with yellow? Searching over the web, ...
5
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1answer
3k views

How was the Earth-Sun distance originally calculated?

AFAIK it was possible long before the first interplanetary probes. Who did it?
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1answer
83 views

Is there a theory / equation showing whether or not two passing bodies will go into orbit around each other?

I am looking for a theory that shows whether or not two passing celestial bodies will go into orbit. I assume there would have to be a critical point where the gravitational attraction is stronger ...
0
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1answer
54 views

What is the distance between 2 cities? [closed]

Both Quito and Kampala lie on the Equator. The longitude of Quito is 82°30'W and that of Kampala is 37°30'E. What is the distance from Quito to Kampala? A) along the shortest surface path B) along a ...
11
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3answers
404 views

Calculate Distance To Stars

I was just watching a lecture from Carl Sagan. He talked about figuring out the distance to the stars; it got me interested in learning more about the subject. As far as I know, the Inverse square ...
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2answers
144 views

Why are distant objects observed in the near infrared?

I was reading an article that explains why JWST is a successor to Hubble and not a replacement for Hubble. They explained that Hubble's science pushed astronomers to look at longer wavelength. And ...
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1answer
24 views

Do astronomers, in principle, have more information about older phenomena than younger?

The further away we see, the older states of the world we observe. And the volume of the part of space which is observable, increases by the square of the distance to it. So there should basically be ...
3
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2answers
909 views

How do you calculate the lookback time distance to a given galaxy?

By lookback time distance I mean the same as Light travel distance. Can you calculate it by just knowing its redshift?
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3answers
136 views

Do we still use the term “astronomical unit” nowadays?

An astronomical unit is defined as the measurement of distance between Earth and our Sun, my question is since distances between celestial objects beyond our solar system are vast and unimaginable ...
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2answers
225 views

How do astronomer measures the size of any celestial objects?

What techniques and tools are available to the astronomers to measure the size of any celestial objects such as, stars or perhaps black holes that doesn't emit light nor reflects starlight?
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1answer
60 views

Do astronomers and astrophysicists more often use diameters or radii when discussing about planets, dwarf planets, exoplanets and stars?

Mathematicians much more often use radii over diameters when discussing about circles and spheres, because in mathematics the radius is more fundamental than the diameter (the sphere is defined using ...
1
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1answer
153 views

Why do astronomers use supernova to measure distance in space?

Why can't the distances between our Sun and the celestial objects be measured directly and instead had to rely on looking around for supernova? Is these events frequent, evenly distributed and lasting ...
2
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6answers
1k views

Why are stars so far apart?

So, this is mere musing, but it seems that stars are quite extremely far apart. I tried to determine the mean distance between nearest neighbors for stars (in just our galaxy) but I'm not sure what it ...
7
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2answers
178 views

Find distance from star to star?

How do you find the distance from a star/planet/black hole to another? I know people can calculate the distance from Earth to a star, but what about from one to another?
0
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1answer
43 views

L4&L5 positions?

I know that, in L4&L5, the distances to the two main bodies should be equal. Still, how can I calculate that distance with accuracy? How can I know that that distance is inside the equipotential ...
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2answers
59 views

What qualifies as a local star?

My professor used the term 'local star'. What range of distance is generally considered 'local' for a star? And what would be considered distant?
4
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3answers
320 views

Do objects look larger the further away they are, beyond z=1?

I stumbled upon this text which illustrates and says: We find that as the object is moved to higher redshifts its angular size first decreases (as naively expected) but soon begins to increase ...
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2answers
135 views

What are the units of distance in this subtended angle calculation?

I'd like to find the distance at which a 2.4 cm coin is subtended by an angle of 10". I've drawn my diagram and found that $D=\dfrac{d}{\alpha}$ using the small angle approximation. Since $10" = ...
1
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2answers
385 views

How are the speed, distance and time of India's MOM and USA's Maven Mars missions calculated?

How do the scientists calculate the correct time to launch the Mars mission so that the satellite travel time is less? How they are synchronizing the speed of satellite with respect to earth and mars ...
2
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2answers
477 views

How to calculate distance from object to point on celestial sphere

I'd like to calculate the distance (in arcsec) from the object nearest to ra='08h55m10s' dec='-7d14m42s' to that point on the celestial sphere. I am actually having trouble identifying the object. I ...
3
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2answers
971 views

What's the furthest object observable by the naked eye from earth?

From XKCD: Caption: 'The light from those millions of stars you see is probably many thousands of years old' is a rare example of laypeople substantially OVERestimating astronomical numbers. So, ...