Questions regarding the planet on which humans live, the third planet from the sun.

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How close could the Moon orbit to Earth without catastrophic results?

How close could our moon orbit around our planet without causing major tidal disruptions, crashing into orbiting satellites, or other serious problems? In addition, how big would it look in the sky to ...
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1answer
56 views

Does the differences between atomic time and astronomical time affect us? [closed]

Earth's rotational period is about 23h 56m. It means that astronomically one day. Also Earth's orbital period is 365.256 atomic days (24 hours). When Earth completes its orbital period in 365.256 ...
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2answers
89 views

How bad could we reasonably expect a solar flare to impact earth, and what can be done to mitigate the impact?

According to numerous articles, solar flares have done damage to the power grid on Earth in the past: http://science.nasa.gov/science-news/science-at-nasa/2008/06may_carringtonflare/ How bad can we ...
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1answer
70 views

Does weight influence Earth's spin? [closed]

If put enough weight on a particular point on Earth's surface disturbing the balance between hemispheres, is it possible that the Earth's spin could change like an unbalanced spinning top?
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1answer
38 views

LLR & Orbital Motion

As I understand it, light that is emitted from a source is not imparted with the motion of the source and so always follows a "straight line". If this is correct, I am having a difficult time ...
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2answers
86 views

Was NASA's moon mission completely fake? [closed]

I really want to know whether NASA's Moon mission really was a hoax, or if it is a fact. Since there are many points and scenarios which proves it as being filmed in a film studio with controlled ...
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1answer
73 views

Does earth have retrograde motion?

I am a beginner. Please let me know whether earth has retrograde motion If it does not, let me know the reason
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1answer
58 views

Can we apply Kepler's law of planetary motion to the moons motion around the earth?

I have been trying to understand Kepler's law of planetary motion for a while. So I was thinking, if it would even apply to the moon orbiting around the earth. Does the moon too orbit in an ellipse ...
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1answer
129 views

When Phobos collides with mars (or breaks up), will it have any noticeable effects on Earth?

When Phobos meets its predicted doom in a few 10s of millions of years, whether it breaks up or collides with the surface of Mars, will this change have any noticeable effects (permanent or temporary) ...
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22 views

Convergence of galaxies [duplicate]

What would happen to Earth and other planets after about millions of years at the time of convergence of milky way galaxy with andromeda galaxy? (Supposing the planets and the sun are still there and ...
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2answers
75 views

What measures are currently in place to detect asteroids on possible collision courses with earth?

I know some measures must exist, but I have no idea what the programs are, what organizations are involved, or how effective they are.
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2answers
23 views

Would it be possible to equip an asteroid to collect space junk in Earth's orbit? [closed]

We all have heard about the problem with space junk in low earth orbit. NASA has a plan to put an asteroid in orbit around the moon. Would it be possible to equip propulsion systems onto an asteroid ...
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2answers
113 views

What planets and moons have we seeded with life (if any)?

Which planets and moons have we accidentally (or purposely) seeded with life? I would expect this to be any planet or moon we have sent an unsterilized (or not fully sterilized) lander to, or crashed ...
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1answer
55 views

Procession of the Equinox

I just learned about procession of the equinox, i.e. the Earth's axis tilts one degree every 72 years. And it takes 72 years/degree x 360 degrees = 25,920 There are many theories to this, i.e. ...
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1answer
74 views

Earth's Versus Catastrophic Meteor

How evasive is the Earth to Catastrophic Meteors? Google says the Earth is approximately 92.96 million miles from the Sun. It also says the suns radius is 432,474 miles. Therefore, it is 93,392,474 ...
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1answer
186 views

Is the Earth Really Spinning? (honest question)

Most people consider it common knowledge that the Sun's "movement" in the sky is only perceived due to the Earth's "spin and movement". Based on this, you'd think that the stars in the night sky ...
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4answers
3k views

Is the Earth going to evolve towards Mars' fate or Venus' fate?

Upon reading on this site (and many others), one can think that Mars might have supported life in a distant past (discovery of liquid water, valleys, mountains...). On the other hand, Venus is the ...
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0answers
82 views

are modern flat earthers still believe the earth is flat not round? [closed]

I saw a video in youtube and read few articles about how flat earthers believed that earth is actually flat but not round. They even presented facts about how everything which is true right now is ...
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1answer
68 views

What is the distance of earth from 7 planets, moon and sun at a point of time?

I wanted to know the distance of the 7 planets(mercury, mars, venus, jupiter,saturn, uranus, neptune) each (or at least 5 planets) from the earth and the angle that it will make with a line connecting ...
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3answers
134 views

Why wasn't there any oxygen in the beginning of the earth?

In the total beginning of the earth there was CO2, N2 and H2O. So there was O2 but always in bond with Carbon and hydrogen, but what is the reason for that? Is O2 always reacting with free ...
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1answer
131 views

Why don't storms on gas giants move to the poles, like hurricanes on Earth do?

On Earth, hurricanes usually move from the equator to the poles. But if you look at a picture of Jupiter, you'd see that the Great Red Spot isn't anywhere near the poles. So the question is: why don't ...
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3answers
196 views

Does the Sun impose back it's tidal forces onto the Earth (such as the Earth's to the Moon)?

It is known that each year the Moon is moving away from the Earth due to tidal forces. What about the Earth relative to the Sun?
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3answers
139 views

Closest point on Earth to a planet?

I'd like to be able to find the latitude and longitude on Earth (assuming a sphere is fine) which is closest to Pluto at the current time (or where Pluto is directly overhead). Is this possible with ...
4
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1answer
64 views

Sun as our Supergiant

Let's talk about the time when our sun becomes a supergiant. We know that our solar system may get destroyed or it may get affected due the large mass of the supergiant and also due to the large ...
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4answers
107 views

What do we mean by Sunrise and Sunset?

If the Earth rotates on its own axis, then what do we mean by sunrise and sunset?
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2answers
80 views

What is the future of our universe?

Is the universe heading towards a Big Freeze, a Big Rip, a Big Crunch or a Big Bounce? Or is it part of an infinitely recurring cyclic model?
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1answer
118 views

What is the shape of the Sun's orbit around the Earth taking into account elliptical orbits?

Consider the non-inertial frame that is at rest with respect to the Earth's revolution around the Sun. (Ignore the Earth's rotation around its own axis.) My question is, what is the shape of the ...
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3answers
96 views

Why is it that we can"t feel how fast the Earth is moving? [closed]

We are moving like 100,000 mph. And why do we not fall off going that fast
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3answers
43 views

Is the duration of a sidereal year stable?

According to this essay by Phil Plait, the duration of Earth's sidereal year is 31,558,149 seconds. Is this figure stable? If I were to meaure Earth's orbit several million (or billions) of years in ...
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1answer
128 views

Are there accurate equinox and solstice predictions for the distant past?

I am trying to find information on the equinox/solstice dates before 1600, more exactly referring up to 10,000 BCE so as to create a sort of calculator on an Excel spreadsheet. I have read about the ...
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4answers
190 views

22nd is shortest day in some places, but the 21st is shortest in other places. Can this be true?

The Winter Solstice in the Northern hemisphere in 2015 is December 22 at 04:49 UTC. Where I'm located in Nova Scotia, Canada, that's December 22, 00:49 AST. And so I would say the shortest day of ...
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1answer
194 views

If the Sun got larger, but maintained its luminosity, would the Earth get hotter or colder?

A recent question If the Sun were bigger but colder, Earth would be hotter or colder? asked - if the Sun got bigger and cooler, would the Earth heat up or cool down. I think the answer to that is ...
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2answers
7k views

How loud would the Sun be?

Sound can't travel through outer space. But if it could, how loud would the Sun be? Would the sound be dangerous to life on Earth, or would we barely hear it from this distance?
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0answers
72 views

Earth-Centered Earth-Fixed coordinates with respect to heliocentric coordinate system at vernal equinox

I am trying to calculate the position of a point on the Earth's surface with respect to the Sun's center at certain date at time. For what I am trying to do it is OK to ignore precession of Earth's ...
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2answers
123 views

Can earth escape sun's gravity with the help of a black hole heading towards our solar system?

To escape the Sun's gravity, the Earth would need sufficient amount of energy. Let's say a stellar black hole has entered our solar system and at a certain distance from earth, the black hole exerts ...
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3answers
3k views

What if Earth and Moon revolved around each other like Pluto and Charon?

What would be different for us if Earth and Moon revolved around each other like Pluto and Charon do?
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2answers
2k views

How many planets have we discovered that can support human life?

I have heard a lot of buzz about distant planets that could potentially be second homes for human existence, but what is that approximate number?
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1answer
101 views

Why would the Earth's solar analemma would be still a figue eight even if Earth's orbit was circular?

The Earth's solar analemma is a diagram showing the deviation of the Sun from its mean motion in the sky, as viewed from a fixed location on the Earth. ... For [a planet] with a circular orbit but ...
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1answer
95 views

Ambiguity in Earth's “Tilt”

It’s well-known that the axial tilt of the Earth (with respect to the ecliptic) is about 23.4 degrees. However, two angles is needed to specify the orientation of any rigid body, so it’s unclear to me ...
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1answer
141 views

Does the mass of the Earth change?

Every day, babies are born and people grow, which makes their respective masses greater. However, this change in mass (should) come out of the food that they consume - it is used as energy and thus ...
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2answers
2k views

Is Earth unique in its fairly clear atmosphere?

So, we have surface pictures from two alien planets, Venus (captured by the Venera 13), and Mars (captured by the rover). Both of these pictures appear to be very dusty. For Venus we see strong ...
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1answer
172 views

Does the Moon capture radiation pressure from the sun causing momentum from photon propulsion? [closed]

Could a planet's main use for natural satellites be that of a photon sail?
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1answer
47 views

Math for calculating the terrestrial longitude directly under the sun with time

I'm trying to calculate the longitude on the earth where it's noon at some time. (That is, the longitude which is coplanar with the plane defined by the sun and the earth's axis.) Here is my python ...
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2answers
168 views

Does Mars contain more iron than the Earth?

Is the reason Mars is red because its surface contains a lot of iron? (When dirt is red on Earth, it is sometimes caused by a high amount of iron). If so, does Mars contain more iron than the earth? ...
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2answers
109 views

Tidal lock of earth and moon

As the Moon is tidally locked to Earth, that means, from Earth we can only ever see one side of the moon. Can we see all the sides of the Earth, from the moon?
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2answers
247 views

Why don't these Clouds show no depth perception in correspondence to the Sun [closed]

The pictures show exactly what my naked eye visualized.What is the cause of this?
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2answers
260 views

If we found evidence of life on Mars, how would we know that it originated on Mars rather than Earth?

Consider this scenario. One of the probes sent to Mars either very soon, or within the next century, finds conclusive micro-fossil evidence that life once existed on Mars. One theory today that is ...
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1answer
311 views

How can one explain the apparent motion of the Sun from a heliocentric point of view?

From a horizontal frame of reference, the path of the Sun looks like a part of a circle in a tilted plane, as shown in this picture: ...
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1answer
102 views

What light source can cause a shadow of a cloud onto the next cloud above?

Scenario- -Time & Environment-11:00pm Super Moon small town population 40,000 in Central Ca. -Nearest body of water is 80 miles away 4 small lakes of about 1 mile in diameter. -Pacific Ocean is ...
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2answers
103 views

Understanding Earth Tilt, Sun's Position and Lattitude Calculation

I've been trying to figure out how to calculate the latitude of my location with just the shadow of a stick cast by the sun. I am doing this under the assumption that I am stranded in some place with ...