Questions regarding the planet on which humans live, the third planet from the sun.

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1answer
50 views

Does earth have retrograde motion?

I am a beginner. Please let me know whether earth has retrograde motion If it does not, let me know the reason
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1answer
261 views

How can one explain the apparent motion of the Sun from a heliocentric point of view?

From a horizontal frame of reference, the path of the Sun looks like a part of a circle in a tilted plane, as shown in this picture: ...
15
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3answers
5k views

Why does the Earth have a tilt of ~23°?

Is there a reason that the Earth has the tilt that it does (~23°)? How do we know which way is supposed to be 0°? Does this tilt have major consequences on the planet? Has it changed and will it ...
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1answer
102 views

What is the shape of the Sun's orbit around the Earth taking into account elliptical orbits?

Consider the non-inertial frame that is at rest with respect to the Earth's revolution around the Sun. (Ignore the Earth's rotation around its own axis.) My question is, what is the shape of the ...
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1answer
141 views

Does the mass of the Earth change?

Every day, babies are born and people grow, which makes their respective masses greater. However, this change in mass (should) come out of the food that they consume - it is used as energy and thus ...
5
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1answer
1k views

How many earths fit in the observable universe?

I was pondering our insignificance, when I wondered - how how much smaller is our planet then the (observable) universe? And being as I dont know how to do the math, I'm asking it here. So how many ...
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7answers
3k views

Why doesn't Earth's axis change during the year?

My understanding is that the Earth's axis points in the same direction in space during its entire orbit around the sun. And this is what causes our seasons. My question is why doesn't the axis follow ...
6
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2answers
164 views

Does Mars contain more iron than the Earth?

Is the reason Mars is red because its surface contains a lot of iron? (When dirt is red on Earth, it is sometimes caused by a high amount of iron). If so, does Mars contain more iron than the earth? ...
2
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1answer
47 views

Can we apply Kepler's law of planetary motion to the moons motion around the earth?

I have been trying to understand Kepler's law of planetary motion for a while. So I was thinking, if it would even apply to the moon orbiting around the earth. Does the moon too orbit in an ellipse ...
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2answers
71 views

What measures are currently in place to detect asteroids on possible collision courses with earth?

I know some measures must exist, but I have no idea what the programs are, what organizations are involved, or how effective they are.
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1answer
126 views

When Phobos collides with mars (or breaks up), will it have any noticeable effects on Earth?

When Phobos meets its predicted doom in a few 10s of millions of years, whether it breaks up or collides with the surface of Mars, will this change have any noticeable effects (permanent or temporary) ...
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0answers
20 views

Convergence of galaxies [duplicate]

What would happen to Earth and other planets after about millions of years at the time of convergence of milky way galaxy with andromeda galaxy? (Supposing the planets and the sun are still there and ...
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2answers
166 views

How can they tell no asteriods will hit earth in the next hundreds years?

I have been thinking about this question : How can they tell no asteroids (big enough to create damage) will hit earth in the next few hundred years? Because, so far, we were unable to get a ...
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2answers
2k views

How many planets have we discovered that can support human life?

I have heard a lot of buzz about distant planets that could potentially be second homes for human existence, but what is that approximate number?
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2answers
23 views

Would it be possible to equip an asteroid to collect space junk in Earth's orbit? [closed]

We all have heard about the problem with space junk in low earth orbit. NASA has a plan to put an asteroid in orbit around the moon. Would it be possible to equip propulsion systems onto an asteroid ...
3
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2answers
110 views

What planets and moons have we seeded with life (if any)?

Which planets and moons have we accidentally (or purposely) seeded with life? I would expect this to be any planet or moon we have sent an unsterilized (or not fully sterilized) lander to, or crashed ...
4
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1answer
353 views

Why Earth does not have rings?

Why does the Earth not have rings like Saturn or Uranus?
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1answer
51 views

Procession of the Equinox

I just learned about procession of the equinox, i.e. the Earth's axis tilts one degree every 72 years. And it takes 72 years/degree x 360 degrees = 25,920 There are many theories to this, i.e. ...
3
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1answer
74 views

Earth's Versus Catastrophic Meteor

How evasive is the Earth to Catastrophic Meteors? Google says the Earth is approximately 92.96 million miles from the Sun. It also says the suns radius is 432,474 miles. Therefore, it is 93,392,474 ...
5
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1answer
187 views

If the Sun got larger, but maintained its luminosity, would the Earth get hotter or colder?

A recent question If the Sun were bigger but colder, Earth would be hotter or colder? asked - if the Sun got bigger and cooler, would the Earth heat up or cool down. I think the answer to that is ...
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1answer
179 views

Is the Earth Really Spinning? (honest question)

Most people consider it common knowledge that the Sun's "movement" in the sky is only perceived due to the Earth's "spin and movement". Based on this, you'd think that the stars in the night sky ...
6
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3answers
193 views

Does the Sun impose back it's tidal forces onto the Earth (such as the Earth's to the Moon)?

It is known that each year the Moon is moving away from the Earth due to tidal forces. What about the Earth relative to the Sun?
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4answers
3k views

Is the Earth going to evolve towards Mars' fate or Venus' fate?

Upon reading on this site (and many others), one can think that Mars might have supported life in a distant past (discovery of liquid water, valleys, mountains...). On the other hand, Venus is the ...
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3answers
131 views

Why wasn't there any oxygen in the beginning of the earth?

In the total beginning of the earth there was CO2, N2 and H2O. So there was O2 but always in bond with Carbon and hydrogen, but what is the reason for that? Is O2 always reacting with free ...
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0answers
79 views

are modern flat earthers still believe the earth is flat not round? [closed]

I saw a video in youtube and read few articles about how flat earthers believed that earth is actually flat but not round. They even presented facts about how everything which is true right now is ...
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1answer
65 views

What is the distance of earth from 7 planets, moon and sun at a point of time?

I wanted to know the distance of the 7 planets(mercury, mars, venus, jupiter,saturn, uranus, neptune) each (or at least 5 planets) from the earth and the angle that it will make with a line connecting ...
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1answer
126 views

Why don't storms on gas giants move to the poles, like hurricanes on Earth do?

On Earth, hurricanes usually move from the equator to the poles. But if you look at a picture of Jupiter, you'd see that the Great Red Spot isn't anywhere near the poles. So the question is: why don't ...
6
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2answers
312 views

Can I look at the sky and find the day of the week?

Suppose I wake up from a coma on a desert island in the 19th century (i.e. we already use the Gregorian calendar but have no satellites yet). I have a clear view of the sky and a couple of days to ...
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3answers
136 views

Closest point on Earth to a planet?

I'd like to be able to find the latitude and longitude on Earth (assuming a sphere is fine) which is closest to Pluto at the current time (or where Pluto is directly overhead). Is this possible with ...
8
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2answers
204 views

Why does this graph for sunlight intensity on land has a steeper slope during sunrise as compared to sunset?

I got this image while checking weather data for a city in North India using Mathematica's Wolfram Alpha query I noticed one feature in the graph which i could not explain . Why does the encircled ...
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4answers
105 views

What do we mean by Sunrise and Sunset?

If the Earth rotates on its own axis, then what do we mean by sunrise and sunset?
4
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1answer
64 views

Sun as our Supergiant

Let's talk about the time when our sun becomes a supergiant. We know that our solar system may get destroyed or it may get affected due the large mass of the supergiant and also due to the large ...
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2answers
80 views

What is the future of our universe?

Is the universe heading towards a Big Freeze, a Big Rip, a Big Crunch or a Big Bounce? Or is it part of an infinitely recurring cyclic model?
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3answers
96 views

Why is it that we can"t feel how fast the Earth is moving? [closed]

We are moving like 100,000 mph. And why do we not fall off going that fast
2
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1answer
117 views

Are there accurate equinox and solstice predictions for the distant past?

I am trying to find information on the equinox/solstice dates before 1600, more exactly referring up to 10,000 BCE so as to create a sort of calculator on an Excel spreadsheet. I have read about the ...
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4answers
189 views

22nd is shortest day in some places, but the 21st is shortest in other places. Can this be true?

The Winter Solstice in the Northern hemisphere in 2015 is December 22 at 04:49 UTC. Where I'm located in Nova Scotia, Canada, that's December 22, 00:49 AST. And so I would say the shortest day of ...
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3answers
42 views

Is the duration of a sidereal year stable?

According to this essay by Phil Plait, the duration of Earth's sidereal year is 31,558,149 seconds. Is this figure stable? If I were to meaure Earth's orbit several million (or billions) of years in ...
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3answers
3k views

Why isn't Earth a perfect sphere? [closed]

In general, almost everyone describes Earth as an perfect sphere, but in reality it isn't a perfect sphere. Is there any specific reason why Earth is not perfect sphere ?
67
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2answers
7k views

How loud would the Sun be?

Sound can't travel through outer space. But if it could, how loud would the Sun be? Would the sound be dangerous to life on Earth, or would we barely hear it from this distance?
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2answers
226 views
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0answers
59 views

Earth-Centered Earth-Fixed coordinates with respect to heliocentric coordinate system at vernal equinox

I am trying to calculate the position of a point on the Earth's surface with respect to the Sun's center at certain date at time. For what I am trying to do it is OK to ignore precession of Earth's ...
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2answers
117 views

Can earth escape sun's gravity with the help of a black hole heading towards our solar system?

To escape the Sun's gravity, the Earth would need sufficient amount of energy. Let's say a stellar black hole has entered our solar system and at a certain distance from earth, the black hole exerts ...
10
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3answers
3k views

What if Earth and Moon revolved around each other like Pluto and Charon?

What would be different for us if Earth and Moon revolved around each other like Pluto and Charon do?
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1answer
94 views

Why would the Earth's solar analemma would be still a figue eight even if Earth's orbit was circular?

The Earth's solar analemma is a diagram showing the deviation of the Sun from its mean motion in the sky, as viewed from a fixed location on the Earth. ... For [a planet] with a circular orbit but ...
4
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1answer
94 views

Ambiguity in Earth's “Tilt”

It’s well-known that the axial tilt of the Earth (with respect to the ecliptic) is about 23.4 degrees. However, two angles is needed to specify the orientation of any rigid body, so it’s unclear to me ...
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2answers
2k views

Is Earth unique in its fairly clear atmosphere?

So, we have surface pictures from two alien planets, Venus (captured by the Venera 13), and Mars (captured by the rover). Both of these pictures appear to be very dusty. For Venus we see strong ...
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2answers
193 views

Precessing of the Earth

It's been known that the Earth's axial tilt varies from 22.5 to 24.5. Does this result in a wobbling while the value of the tilt varies about these two limits? If so, how does it affect the mechanics ...
6
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4answers
532 views

Moon's orbit around the Sun

The Earth revolves around the Sun and the Moon revolves around the Earth. Out of curiosity I started thinking about the orbit of the Moon around the Sun and expected (assumed) it to be as follows: ...
4
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1answer
141 views

If an Asteroid was to strike the Earth, would it affect the Earth's rotation?

If an Asteroid was to strike the Earth, would it affect noticeably the Earth's rotation, and if so, how large would this Asteroid have to be?