Questions regarding the history of astronomy, including discoveries and scientists.

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Is there a general term for epicycles, deferents, and eccentrics in Ptolemaic astronomy?

According to Ptolemy's (c. 150 CE) account of the motions of planets, planets moved in circular paths ("epicycles") around center points that in turn moved around the center of the earth along a path ...
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Who discovered what set of factors is responsible for visibility of celestial bodies on Earth's daytime sky?

Visibility of a celestial body on the sky during the day depends on a number of factors - if I recall correctly: the body's magnitude, Seeing, Sky brightness, and probably some others I have missed. ...
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SN1604, Former and Current Name of the Constellation Serphens

Kepler wrote 'De Stella nova in pede Serpentarii' describing the supernova of 1604, now known as SN1604. My understanding is that the constellations used by Kepler and the constellations used today ...
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Astronomy-themed names, wordplay, connotations

I use an astronomy theme for naming my main computer and parts thereof. It started with a machine named Cassini, build while watching the arrival of the exploration mission and Saturn Orbital ...