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2answers
210 views

What are the dimensions of LIGO Detector evacuated chambers?

The LIGO complex is very large, but I assume that there is a very small chamber that actually does the science since they are measuring very small sheers. How big around is the actual evacuated ...
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0answers
7 views

What instruments/science goals have the highest priorities for a combined orbiter and lander to Europa?

A NASA mission to Europa seems to have a friend in congress. What would be the most important instruments and science goals for such a mission? Seismometry, radar, surface chemistry, a drill/melter, ...
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1answer
63 views

2SB mixer in radio astronomy?

In literature about the instrumentation of radio astronomy, I frequently come across a type of mixer described as "2SB". I'm familiar with single-sideband (SSB) and double-sideband (DSB) mixers, but ...
6
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2answers
152 views

Can we find out whether early Venus was Earth-like or not?

It has been speculated that Venus billions of years ago could've had a much different atmosphere with liquid water on its surface and possibly life. Partly thanks to the cooler young Sun. But is it ...