Questions regarding the Sun and objects orbiting it.

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Are the Voyager spacecraft outside of our Solar System?

The wikipedia says that Voyager 1 cross the heliosphere, but is really outside the Solar System, or need to cross the Oort cloud?
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1answer
31 views

A question about the distribution of mass among the planets in the Solar System

Is it coïncidence that the mass of a planet has about its maximum in the middle planets (Jupiter), while the mass of the closest and furthest planets has a minimum (Mercury and Pluto)?
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1answer
57 views

Can stars be seen in the background when looking directly at our solar system?

Imagine viewing the solar system from the outside: Considering the sun is quite bright, would you still be able to see stars in the background, or does the sunlight disable us to do so? Consider ...
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2answers
550 views

Will Saturn's Moons be destroyed?

I heard that Saturn has 62 moons with confirmed orbits, 53 of which have names and only 13 of which have diameters larger than 50 kilometers. Some come within 1km of each other. How do these moons ...
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4answers
133 views

What are the exact causes that differences in sunrises are shorter around june and december but long in march and september?

The changes of the sunrise and sunset times not expire regularly in a straight line but according to a sinusoid. Around the solstice (summer solstice on June 21st and winter solstice on December 21), ...
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2answers
74 views

Does the retrograde movement affect the true angular distance between 2 planets?

I need to calculate the relative angular path between two planets in the geocentric view or in other words the number of degrees of a circle one planet travels away from another planet around the ...
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0answers
45 views

What is the word for space that is in the solar system, but outside the heliopause?

Wikipedia says the definition of interplanetary space is the region dominated by the interplanetary medium, which extends out to the heliopause where the influence of the galactic environment ...
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2answers
4k views

Why do the planets orbit in the same direction?

Theoretically, planets would have an approximately equal chance of going one way in their orbit or another but in reality, this is not the case (at least in our solar system). Why is this?
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2answers
122 views

If the planets only attract, then how can they stay in their orbit?

Gravity is related to mass, and gravity is an attracting force on every body. Then what happens when bodies only attract each other..without repulsion they may strike the sun. I think there must be a ...
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2answers
152 views

Is Earth slowing down in order to stay on its orbital track?

The Sun is losing some of its mass during explosions. The Gravitational force between Sun and Earth will change (probably decrease). If Earth maintains its speed, it will change its orbit. Hence, ...
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1answer
195 views

What is the Age Difference Between Earth & Jupiter?

What is the age difference between Jupiter & Earth. Which planet was formed first, or were they formed at the same time.
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1answer
75 views

Oscillation in tilt of the solar system

I know that the solar system is tilted 62.6° to the plane of the galaxy. I'm curious whether this angle changes over time, and what are the extents and time frame of any such oscillations if they ...
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4answers
194 views

How did the Earth come to be in orbit around the sun?

I'm not sure if this post should be in the physics subject forum, but this seems to fit here too. I have been reading a book about chemistry and how the universe came to be with the theory of stars ...
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3answers
88 views

Question related to Sun rise and Sun set times

I am not sure whether this question is right or not so bear with me. I understand 'Sun rise' and 'Sun set' is caused by the Earth's rotation. I read that 'Sun light' takes around 8 minutes to reach ...
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1answer
81 views

Is the material that could have formed a “Super-earth” divided among the four terrestrial planets

I know "super-earths" are quite common in other planetary systems, but there are none in the Solar System. Is it due to the material that could have created a single large super-earth being used to ...
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2answers
2k views

Could the 9th planet be virtual?

Astronomers recently claim that there is evidence for a 9th planet. As far as I understood it, this is mainly based on coinciding orbital parameters of a few Kuiper belt objects. Could the 9th planet ...
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0answers
25 views

The observation of changes barycenter of the solar system

Is it possible to observation changes in the barycenter of the solar system? There are graphics showing changes barycenter but they are made on the basis of computer simulation (E.g.: here and here). ...
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2answers
104 views

What is the effect of the axial precession on the orientation of the planet's orbits?

I am working on an online application to visualize the positions of the planets and to calculate their ephemerides (you find it here, but it is not complete yet). I do not have much knowledge in ...
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6answers
6k views

Why is the Sun's density less than the inner planets?

The density of the Sun is $1410~\frac{\text{kg}}{\text{m}^{3}}$ and Mercury's is $5430~\frac{\text{kg}}{\text{m}^{3}}$, but shouldn't the Sun be denser? Because when the Solar System was forming, ...
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2answers
121 views

Why did Mercury not appear to transit through the middle of the sun?

Why did Mercury not appear to transit through the middle of the sun (the equator)? I initially thought that this was because of the ecliptic, but, then I thought that actually we'd see it above the ...
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1answer
108 views

Why was the size of the solar system not defined by Mercury Transits?

The first measurements of the (absolute) size of the solar system was made using the Transit of Venus, an event that arguably will only happen twice in a lifetime. Transits of Mercury occur far more ...
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1answer
111 views

Could there be a brown dwarf in our solar system? [duplicate]

Is it possible that a brown dwarf object could be orbiting our star and undetected so far by wise surveys?
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3answers
260 views

Why do the gas giants in the Solar System have comparatively large orbits compared to the inner planets?

Ever since I observed the depictions of the Solar System, I was obsessed with the question of why the gas giants (outer planets) have very large orbits, compared to the planets that are closer to the ...
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1answer
89 views

Were there any images of a transitary event of Jupiter or Saturn as imaged by a deep probe mission

I'm quite certain that there isn't any actual images of a transitory event of Jupiter or Saturn across the solar disk from say e.g.,s the Voyager probe, Pioneer 10/11 or even recent New Horizons ...
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2answers
99 views

Retrograde motion of planets: reason and time?

I am a beginner. I'd like to understand how planets (except Sun and Moon) exhibit retrograde motion. When does the retrograde motion start for a planet (eg Mars) and how long (time limit) planets ...
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1answer
86 views

Which class of objects in Solar System carries more mass?

Could you help me sorting this list in terms of total mass carried by these classes of objects? The star (Sun) - it's very big but only one. The planets (incl. dwarf planets). Certainly beaten by ...
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1answer
103 views

Why are planets round?

I was studying our solar system and all celestial objects are depicted as round objects, including black holes.. worm holes as hollow cylinders as a pathway across two universes.. even the galaxy is ...
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3answers
83 views

Celestial impacts

Have we ever observed, or better yet, recorded, an impact from a comet/meteorite/fragment/etc on another celestial body? For example, in all its time orbiting Mars, has the MRO observed anything ...
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1answer
1k views

Why do comets appear to have a continuous supply of dust?

Comets orbiting the sun have a tail that points away from the Sun, due to the solar wind. (Strictly speaking, a comet can have both a type I tail - ion tail, and a type II tail - a dust tail. This ...
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0answers
24 views

Convergence of galaxies [duplicate]

What would happen to Earth and other planets after about millions of years at the time of convergence of milky way galaxy with andromeda galaxy? (Supposing the planets and the sun are still there and ...
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2answers
78 views

What measures are currently in place to detect asteroids on possible collision courses with earth?

I know some measures must exist, but I have no idea what the programs are, what organizations are involved, or how effective they are.
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1answer
84 views

Does planets revolves around all the 88 constellations? [closed]

I am a beginner / novice and I have got very little knowledge about astronomy Please tell me whether 'Planets' revolves around all the 80+ constellations or not
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2answers
72 views

What are gravitational waves actually? [duplicate]

I read about the LIGo experiment recently, but i didn't understand their significance. Although, it's clear to me that the gravitational waves do exist and are caused by large accelerating bodies in ...
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4answers
132 views

What planet is better than earth to infer solar system configuration?

The mankind had to work some centuries to infer the real configuration of solar system, starting from greeks, Ptolemeus, until Copernicus, Galilei, Kepler, Newton etc. Is there any planet where we ...
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1answer
92 views

Is there sufficient evidence to confirm additional Planet in solar system

I have watched this scishow episode where Hank says that astronomers believe there is another planet in our solar system. Link He says that it's because how asteroids and comments are being pushed ...
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4answers
171 views

Compared with similar stars, does the sun itself have properties that make life on Earth possible?

We often hear our solar system has properties for life. For example, it is far away from the center of Galaxy. It has Jupiter far away to protect us from asteroids. It has optimum size of territorial ...
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2answers
202 views

Lack of objects between heliopause and Oort cloud?

If we take a look at a logarithmic scale of the Solar System, there appears to be a large gap between the heliopause and the Oort cloud: Why is that? There are some objects in the gap, but why are ...
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1answer
139 views

What Would it Look Like Inside Jupiter's Great Red Spot?

From what I've read, Jupiter's 'Great Red Spot' is an unbelievably powerful storm. Do astronomers and scientists have any idea of what that might look like if it were possible to be inside/below it? ...
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1answer
204 views

Best planets profile for a tattoo of the solar system [closed]

I want to get a tattoo of the solar system. The gap between the planets should not be preserved and the differences in sizes will only be symbolic. I found the following My question is if all stars ...
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1answer
70 views

Is Ceres in the inner solar system or outer solar system?

Do we consider the dwarf planet Ceres to be in the inner solar system or outer solar system (or possibly neither / in between). It is located within the asteroid belt, but is the asteroid belt part ...
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1answer
96 views

Would I actually be able to see Ceres without shining a really bright torch onto it?

NASA's put out a semi-CGI video of a Ceres flyby using material from the Dawn mission. Now I realise that visibility is relative, even on Earth: I can walk into my basement and not be able to see ...
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1answer
135 views

As viewed from Mars, what are Jupiter's and Saturn's maximum brightness in apparent magnitude?

From Earth, Jupiter's maximum brightness is -2.94 and Saturn's is -0.24. But what about from Mars? They should be brighter, but by how much? There are equations at the obvious wiki entry but I'm not ...
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79 views

Would the existence of Planet Nine rule out the possibility of a sixth giant planet?

I'm aware that there have been attempts to simulate the evolution of the Solar System with six giant planets1, as opposed to the traditional four or five. The recent proposed Planet Nine would ...
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52 views

Planetary reference systems and time

I am researching into how coordinate systems of solar systems objects are created by reading some of the reports written by the Working Group on Cartographic Coordinates and Rotational Elements (e.g. ...
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1answer
130 views

What good evidence exists for the 9th planet as spoken of by Caltech?

I'm sure Caltech has answered this in some way, but I think it's a good question have on this site. What good evidence exists for the 9th planet as spoken of by Caltech? As I see it, Caltech has ...
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1answer
92 views

How did Batygin estimate when Planet Nine was ejected?

Konstantin Batygin has estimated that if Planet Nine was ejected, it would have been ejected 3-10 million years after the formation of the Solar System. I'm curious as to how he arrived at this ...
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1answer
93 views

Do planets migrate suddenly or gradually?

Current models of the configurations of the planets conclude that Neptune once migrated outwards. AFAIK this refurbishment came about by Jupiter and Saturn gradually getting into and leaving a ...
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5answers
5k views

Why hasn't the “9th Planet” been detected already?

In the comments to this question, there was considerable doubt placed as to the subject of if the so called "9th planet" really exists. That wasn't really the intent of the previous question, so I ask ...
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3answers
1k views

What wavelength to best detect the “9th planet”?

We know that the reflected sunlight will make detecting the 9th planet very difficult in the visible light. Is there another band that will be more likely to detect it? What is the surface temperature ...
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2answers
169 views

Ninth planet - what else could it be?

So recently it was announced that there might be a ninth planet out there. Some people (from NASA) say the odds are 50% that it is a real planet, since it hasn't been discovered by telescopes yet. ...