Questions regarding large spheres of gas undergoing fusion.

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2
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1answer
63 views

What is the physics of a gas mass subject to gravity in space?

There are many formulas for atmospheric pressure on earth, but how does gas behave in free space? I am thinking about why stars form. I am guessing that the gas density will influence pressure, as ...
2
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1answer
48 views

local stellar mapping data

I've been playing around with Near Star Map, and I think I kind of want something more sophisticated, so for all stars within 100ly/30pc, is the following known? velocity (it would be nice to have a ...
2
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0answers
39 views

need data-point: actual counts per second with APD (avalanche photodiode) detector

I'm designing a sensor system to perform specialized [astronomy and space-sciences] experiments, and need a "reality check" to support or adjust my theoretical calculations. What I need is the ...
1
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1answer
121 views

Why can't the surfaces of stars be observed?

If I'm correctly informed, only three stars: Sol, Betelgeuse and Altair have surfaces which have been resolved by telescopes. All other stars are only point sources of light, even in the greatest of ...
1
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2answers
257 views

Is a white dwarf hotter than a Red Giant?

From what I've read, white stars are hotter than red ones. But a white dwarf would have just heavy elements to fuse, so shouldn't it be less bright?
1
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2answers
69 views

What is the difference between LMC and SMC?

Apart from the obvious difference as suggested by their names that the Large Magellanic Cloud is 'larger' than the Small Magellanic Cloud, what are the other differences between them? Do give all the ...
1
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1answer
62 views

Star class according to initial mass

Studying the stars classes for my homework (school) i learned that stars are classified by the spectral types (Harvard) and luminosity class (MKK) .. So the sun is a star class ...
1
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1answer
68 views

Age of the universe and age of stars

The age of the universe is 13.798±0.037 billion years, yet the age of HD 140283 is 14.46±0.8 billion years, how this can be the case?
1
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1answer
93 views

Mechanism for Brown Dwarf Fusion

I've read (at here, among other places) that during the Degenerate Era, star formation will end and the last stars will go out. But it was noted that there is still the possibility of star birth, ...
1
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2answers
329 views

Why don't planets give off their own light? [closed]

Why don't the planets glow like stars?
1
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1answer
53 views

How often do stars form?

There are many more stars in the universe than the years that the universe has been in existence, so wouldn't this mean that stars were/are forming at an astounding rate?
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3answers
60 views

State of the stars

This question may sound silly but I'm really not pretty sure whether the stars are rotating or stationary.If they are not rotating what makes them to be stable?
1
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2answers
63 views

length of Star lifetime

In a star, the fact that not all the hydrogen is used up, not all the helium is used up etc. is a little counterintuitive. Shouldn't it be that a star looses the hydrogen layer passively, in other ...
1
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1answer
93 views

Why planet's orbit is not perpendicular or random ?

Why planet's orbit is not perpendicular or random ? It always seems each planet is revolving on the same geometric-plane around the star.
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2answers
41 views

How to complete the Hipparcos Catalog?

I've downloaded hipparcos catalog from the Strasbourg Universe but whilst there is a lot of information, I can't find the names of the stars that the HipID relates to. There is the wikipedia page ...
1
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1answer
54 views

Electron Degeneracy Pressure and the Pauli Exclusion Principle

I have read that what keeps white dwarfs from gravitational collapse is electron degeneracy pressure. How does this pressure prevent further collapse, and how is it related to the Pauli Exclusion ...
1
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1answer
70 views

“Chain reaction” supernovae?

I know not all stars can "go nova", and that of those that do there are different types of novae, among which are some that aren't even explosions (at least not as we think of them), and that even the ...
1
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1answer
99 views

Position and velocity vectors of nearby stars?

One of my favorite tools for modeling the solar system is the Horizons Ephemeris generator where I can get position and velocity vectors of various bodies. Is there something similar for neighboring ...
1
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1answer
98 views

3D Positions of Nearby Stars

I have come across a number of star catalogs that list stars by right ascension and declination, along with other data such as magnitude. Is there a star catalog that lists the 3-D position of stars ...
1
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2answers
117 views

How did Bradley arrive at the +/- correct speed of light when he calculated it?

After Bradley discovered stellar aberration and the corresponding constant of aberration he was able to calculate the speed of light, since he knew the speed of the Earth around the Sun. As far as I ...
1
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1answer
113 views

regarding spectral type of a star

consider two stars of the spectral type and subtype, but not necessarily both on the main sequence. Describe whether this information is sufficient to tell you how the stars differ in surface ...
1
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1answer
75 views

Average rate of supernova x number of stars

If we would take the average number of supernovae per year and multiply that by the number of stars, could we figure out how many years it will be before all stars are gone?
1
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2answers
64 views

How do stars or galaxies get their spin?

It is my understanding that when a star, a planetary disk, or a galaxy forms, the rotational momentum of the whole system is conserved. Due to the smaller size of the resulting object, it will spin ...
1
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1answer
67 views

What is “Median Stellar Mass”?

Could someone explain what is "median stellar mass" and how is it calculated? I have seen it written as: $$\log(M)$$ or as: $$\log\left(\frac{M_*}{M_{\text{Sun}}}\right) $$ but I do not ...
1
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3answers
148 views

Can there be an infinity of stars in the Universe?

I have a mind puzzle. Can there be an infinity of stars in the Universe ? I have 2 opposed reasonings, yet I don’t find any flaw in them. Can you help me here ? Answer A : No, the number of stars ...
1
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1answer
49 views

how to measure temperature of the distant star [duplicate]

As part of small project i want to measure temperature of the distant star on basis of optical observations. so by what exact method i can do it? which instruments will be necessary? what is the ...
1
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1answer
38 views

Naive star filter visible at night in certain country

I have a HYG catalogue and I'd like to filter out stars visible at night and in Europe. Doesn't have to be exact. I was assuming that it'll be all stars with positive declination, but I wasn't sure ...
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2answers
54 views

Stars in star clusters in SMC and LMC

Is there any catalog or any paper published in any journal that enlists the stars discovered under which ever star-cluster of Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) they belong to? There is one for Large ...
1
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1answer
60 views

Distance of extra-galactic Classical Cepheids

There have been many questions and answers about finding the distance of a star from the earth. But as I did some research on the net, I found that we have specific approaches for finding the ...
1
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0answers
24 views

Is Nomad data heliocentric or geocentric?

I'm wondering if the data in star catalogues are heliocentric equatorial coordinates or geocentric equatorial coordinates. Also given the distance between stars compared to the distance between the ...
1
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1answer
49 views

Instrumental magnitude to “real” magnitude - Photometry with not enough data?

I have a lot of data taken in R, B, V, Luminance and Halpha-bands which I want to analyse photometrically (one target in the frame). The frames are already reduced (with flats, darks etc.) and have a ...
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0answers
38 views

Triangular Asterism Trigonometry

Using the SIMBAD database for Alnitak, Saiph, and Sirius -- i.e.: Alnitak: FK5 coord. (J2000): RA = 05 40 45.527 DEC = -01 56 33.26; Saiph; FK5 coord. (J2000): RA = 05 47 45.389 DEC = -09 40 10.58; ...
1
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1answer
71 views

What is visible light colour output of different stars?

I know the colours of the stars relate to their heat, however if I were standing on a different planet identical to Earth, but orbiting a blue Bright Giant or a Red Giant, or perhaps even a Red Dwarf, ...
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0answers
149 views

How can I calculate what star was above my head when I was born? [closed]

Almost everybody knows the concept of Zodiac. But there are others. And, AFAIK, even Zodiac classification is wrong for nowadays - since the classification of the people's Zodiac Sign was developed ...
0
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4answers
178 views

Is it possible for a star to orbit a planet?

Is it possible for a red dwarf to orbit a gas giant? OR Has this happened and it is just assumed that the gas giant is orbiting the star?
0
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1answer
89 views

Is there any planet/star bigger than VY Canis Majoris?

Compared to VY Canis Majoris, our Sun is more like a speck of space dust. Is there any planet or star which is known to us that is bigger than the VY Canis Majoris?
0
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1answer
36 views

Yellow object between δ Ori and η Ori

Can someone perhaps assist me in identifying the yellow object between δ Ori and η Ori? I took an image of this object, but I can't identify it. It can be seen on the image below, hosted on the Eagle ...
0
votes
2answers
140 views

Why don't small stars end up as a black holes?

I've recently done some research about black holes, and I realized that big stars form black holes and small ones don't. Is it because the gravity isn't strong enough for it to fall in on itself, or ...
0
votes
1answer
96 views

How do we find the exact temperature of a star/galaxy?

This is a very basic question, but I am a little confused. As far as I know, the temperature of a star is analyzed based on the color of the light it emits. So, if a star is moving away from us, then ...
0
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1answer
116 views

star atlas with absolute magnitude and spectral type

Is there any star atlas someone recommends? Then for some kind of star with a definite spectral type, we can know its absolute magnitude.
0
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1answer
92 views

Photos from galaxy

So, I hear people say blah blah blah is 3 light years away, and here's a photo. So does that mean the photo that we see are actually at least 3 years ago since that's how long it takes that light to ...
0
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1answer
53 views

is pan-starrs' data available to public users?

Anybody knows that? The data products are all images or star catalogs? This is the link: http://pan-starrs.ifa.hawaii.edu/public/
0
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2answers
65 views

Putting mass-luminosity relation and HS diagrams together leads us to a mass-age relation; so how do stars lose their mass over time?

I think that the title is completely clear, but here's an expansion: I was just reading about Mass-luminosity relation that says massive stars are more luminous than tiny ones. Well, let's talk about ...
-2
votes
1answer
204 views

Is it possible that we see our solar system as a star?

A few days ago I just read here that our galaxies (one of which we are part of) move or expand faster than light, And read here that light we see from stars is extremely old, maybe more than several ...
-3
votes
1answer
80 views

Relation between position of stars and locations of gemstones? [closed]

A theory has been said that the patterns and positions help identify where valuable gemstones are hidden. I am wondering if this has any truth in it.
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2answers
109 views

Could we actually freeze a star?

I read an article recently that said NASA has discovered a brown dwarf that has frozen. If we had the technology, resources, and supplies, could we actually freeze a star and stop it from burning its ...