Questions regarding large spheres of plasma undergoing fusion.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

0
votes
2answers
13 views

Is the composition of stars in future made of more and more heavy elements?

In the beginning stars only consisted of the hydrogen element and due to nuclear fusion of those elements in stars and supernova's more heavy elements were created. Because of that, like our Sun, the ...
3
votes
1answer
24 views

Why don't globular clusters flatten with a galactic disc?

Globular clusters lie in the galactic halo, outside of the disc. However, galaxies are more or less a collection of material and objects — why is it, then, that most stars form a plane due to the ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

How do astronomers distinguish the spectral lines?

As a black body a star emits a continuous spectrum of light and other radiation. I've learned they are capable of knowing of what elements the stars are made of because of the spectral lines. But how ...
4
votes
6answers
2k views

Why are stars so far apart?

So, this is mere musing, but it seems that stars are quite extremely far apart. I tried to determine the mean distance between nearest neighbors for stars (in just our galaxy) but I'm not sure what it ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Cluster of fast moving stars

We live in NW Tasmania in a country town and tonight out walking I pointed out a long cluster of stars to my sister as they made an unusual shape but then we realised they were moving really fast - we ...
6
votes
2answers
123 views

Does the shape of a supernova remnant depend on the progenitor star's magnetic field?

The magnetic field activity in a star can be very chaotic and my question is are they somehow related?
0
votes
0answers
23 views

Negative Spectral Flux Density

I am working on a project and using some satellite images. In some of the images the Spectral Flux Density is negative. What does it indicate?
1
vote
1answer
102 views

Create a signal to noise map from heatmap

Recently, I obtained my heatmap from a sky survey. But now, I'm trying to get a signal to noise map from my heatmap. My heatmap looks like : My colour bar indicates the number of stars per pixel (...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

How to show that the Jeans Criterion for Mass, Radius and Density are equivalent?

The gravitational collapse of a gas cloud can be described by the Jeans Criterion for mass, radius and density of the gas cloud, which is (c stands for cloud): $$M_J = (\frac{5kT}{G \mu m_H})^{3/2} (...
2
votes
2answers
520 views

Definition of stellar core?

This is a basic question, but I may as well ask it. I had always thought that the core of a main-sequence star is defined as the part hot enough for nuclear fusion. Some dictionaries seem to agree ...
0
votes
1answer
113 views

Can a star eject a liquid or a gas that has not been ionized?

Can a star eject a liquid or a gas that has not been ionized? I am implying that these gases could be a source of reusable energy.
1
vote
1answer
397 views

How to calculate the temperature of a star

I need a way to calculate the effective temperature (surface temperature) of a star for a stellar model. I need something in the form Te=.... I have: Radius in m mass in kg the composition of ...
6
votes
1answer
148 views

Why does lithium fuse at lower temperatures than hydrogen?

This is a basic question, but it's been bugging me. In the Wikipedia article for lithium burning, it states that: Stars, which by definition must achieve the high temperature (2.5 × 10^6 K) ...
3
votes
1answer
161 views

Sun from SuperNova

I have read that our sun was created from older star(s) which had exploded in a supernova. If all the matter is travelling away from the central point of explosion, how does it coalesce back into a ...
9
votes
1answer
712 views

Is the Sun really a medium size star?

It is often said that the Sun is a medium size, or even dim star, but is that true? According to this list of stars within 21 light years, only six stars are brighter than the Sun out of the closest ...
0
votes
2answers
82 views

Is it possible to have a star orbiting around a brown dwarf?

I know a single star is almost surely more massive than a single brown dwarf, but consider a case: a very small star is orbiting a very massive brown dwarf which has a very massive moon, such that the ...
6
votes
2answers
131 views

Why is the core of a gas giant supported by electron degeneracy pressure instead of nuclear fusion?

After a Sun-sized protostar forms, its core will become denser over time due to radiation. The core eventually gets dense and hot enough for hydrogen fusion to take place. In the late phases of the ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

Mass of Star Collapse

Does a star, when collapsing into a neutron star, or even a black hole, pick up any significant relativistic mass due to its rapid collapse rate?
8
votes
1answer
914 views

How can neutron stars have gaseous atmospheres?

Neutron stars can have small atmospheres. However, they also have extremely strong gravitationally pulls. Shouldn't the all the gas molecules be drawn to the star's surface, and become solids under ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

In 31.5kyr, Epsilon Eridani and Luyten 726-8 will be < 1ly close; but how distant from the Solar system?

Greetings! Based on Wikipedia and more precisely this paper, it is said that, in about 31,500 years, the stars Epsilon Eridani and Luyten 726-8AB will "meet" at a very close distance (less than 1 ...
2
votes
2answers
132 views

any unique phenomenon when the cores of two planets are aligned with their star's core?

Imagine a line passing through the cores of two planets (in the same planetary system) and their star. Have we ever witnessed this - either with both planets on the same side of the star or on ...
2
votes
3answers
113 views

How do we know that other planetary systems aren't composed of antimatter? [duplicate]

How do we know that other planetary systems aren't composed of antimatter? If they never touch matter, then they don't annihilate. All their observable physics (spectra) are the same as matter, right?
2
votes
2answers
117 views

Solar Pressure and Gravity

I recently read some articles and pages on Solar Sails, and the possibility of using lasers to propel spacecraft, and I had a relatively outlandish idea. Would it be possible for a star to be ...
0
votes
0answers
40 views

Stars repartitions

I'm looking for the stars repartitions in percent, in the Harvard Classification (from O to M) I have search every where but I found nothing. I'm not looking for exact values, but more generic values....
3
votes
1answer
145 views

Do stars tend to fuse all hydrogen even when the mass is small?

Suppose a brown dwarf requires only one more hydrogen atom to become massive enough to start fusion, what will happen if we add a hydrogen atom to it? It fuses until the mass is dropped and then ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Is a white dwarf hotter than a Red Giant?

From what I've read, white stars are hotter than red ones. But a white dwarf would have just heavy elements to fuse, so shouldn't it be less bright?
0
votes
1answer
45 views

Metalicity and age of bulge stars vs halo [duplicate]

From what I understand of current models, the bulge of the galaxy formed first, and thus, would contain older population II like stars. Currently, however, the halo has a higher population of stars ...
0
votes
2answers
127 views

Are we made of stars we're seeing? [duplicate]

a fresh astronomy enthusiast here. Recently I've been reading upon how immensely far other stars are from our solar system and how is it possible that we may be seeing stars that are already dead. My ...
1
vote
2answers
65 views

How to interpret extreme ultraviolet/ x-ray data in the literature?

I am interested in a sun-like star 138 light years away that is in the EUVE catalog. A table shows that a photon count of 2.6+/-0.5 photons per kilosecond at 100 angstroms has been detected for this ...
4
votes
2answers
59 views

Why do post main sequence stars enter the red giants branch?

I am an early graduate student in astronomy and have hard time understanding why do post-MS stars move up the RGB. Here is what I understand about post main sequence evolution of stars. As their ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

Are larger stars rounder?

The Earth is a very smooth sphere, and the Sun even more so, with only minor fluctuations. I am wondering: are larger stars even rounder? Intuitively, that seems self evident, but I am not so sure. ...
6
votes
1answer
86 views

What's the bleeding-edge model for how Population III stars are born and evolve?

I'm trying to do a brief literature review to find out what the best current models for population III stellar evolution are. I was hoping that someone with more expertise in the area could perhaps ...
2
votes
2answers
43 views

Triple stars with retrograde orbits

Where can I find the observed frequency of triple star systems where the outer star is in a retrograde orbit?
3
votes
3answers
155 views

What Makes Stars Hot?

Simple question, but can't seem to find the answer anywhere. It can't be nuclear fusion because nuclear fusion occurs as a result of the heat. And it can't be because of gravity because it's believed ...
3
votes
1answer
132 views

Why is the Sun's brightness and radius increasing, but not its temperature?

On the Sun's article on Wikipedia, there is an image showing how the Sun's brightness, radius and temperature have changed over time: For the past (and next) few billion years, I see the luminosity ...
7
votes
3answers
546 views

What decides the direction in which the accretion disk spins?

Planets lie on the same plane because of the accretion disk formed during the Protostar stage, as I read in this question. I also read about the collision of particles in the gas cloud causing the ...
12
votes
1answer
285 views

Magnetic fields of peculiar HgMn A type stars

Do HgMn (peculiar A type) stars really possess global magnetic fields? See, for example, this paper by Hubrig et al. from 2012.
1
vote
1answer
284 views

What is the brightest star (by absolute magnitude) that we can see by naked eye?

Is it Rho Cassiopeiae or Mu Sagittarii? I see in the Stellarium 0.13.0 that Mu Sagittarii has absolute magnitude -11.43!!
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Given a collection of pixels, how to deduce the flux from them?

I've obtained the coordinates of brightest pixels from different images (.fits files) using Python. I want to get the flux of each pixel. How do I go about finding out the flux?
5
votes
3answers
153 views

If a white dwarf collides with a giant star, could it create a TZO?

Thorne–Żytkow objects (TZOs) form from collisions between neutron stars and main sequence or giant stars. Ultimately, the neutron star becomes the "core" of the giant star. However, could this also ...
0
votes
1answer
88 views

Can you see the stars when it is trickling?

I am writing a book with the following scene in one chapter: It is trickling and my protagonists are outside looking into the night sky, looking to the stars. Reviewing the scene I am wondering: Is ...
4
votes
1answer
110 views

What happens if two or three stars collide with each other?

After finding out that there is a solar system with three stars, I did extensive research. I couldn't get a definitive answer. What would happen if they collided with each other? I know there would ...
2
votes
3answers
93 views

Recommendation for learning about stellar astrophysics

I would like to know which are the best books to learn about stellar astrophysics at (just) graduate level. I have a basic formation in general astrophysics but I'm interested in learning about ...
27
votes
3answers
6k views

Did I see another planet?

A couple days ago, I zoomed in with my 30x optical zoom camera, and after some exposure adjustments, a bright star in the night sky turned into this: Are those other planets or other stars? Or is ...
2
votes
1answer
47 views

If a star were to suddenly lose nearly all of its stored heat, would it be able to return to its normal state? [closed]

If not, would it be possible to approximate the maximum heat energy a star could lose before the change became irreversible?
0
votes
1answer
70 views

How to determine the mass of a runaway star?

I would like to know how do astronomers estimate the mass of a star that has been ejected from its galaxy. What kind of accuracy can be achieved?
8
votes
3answers
349 views

Statistically, what would the average distance of the closest black hole be?

The closest confirmed black hole is several thousand light years away from earth. Our galaxy has about 100 billion stars. I didn't find any reliable information on the black hole count of ratio versus ...
-1
votes
2answers
131 views

Number of stars & planets in Milky Way Galaxy?

Is there any specific numbers on stars & planets count on Milky Way Galaxy ?
0
votes
1answer
89 views

Sun like star in our milkyway?

Is there any popular star or one which we can see with our naked eyes in our milky way that is atleast 90% sun-like(mass,radius,spectra,luminosity).The important thing is it must not be a binary. Its ...
4
votes
1answer
106 views

How many stars are in the Sculptor Dwarf Galaxy?

The Sculptor Dwarf Galaxy is a small satellite Galaxy of the Milky Way. There are many such satellites galaxies and I'm trying to compile basic data on them. However, I can't find an estimate for the ...