Questions regarding the closest star to Earth, at the centre of the Solar System.

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0answers
21 views

Will our star die of old age or a unexpected sudden death?

The Universe is 13.8 billion years old and our solar system is 4.6 billion years old, The last of the stars were created 9 billion years ago,and only 5 percent of the universe has not been formed. ...
0
votes
1answer
56 views

Is there sufficient evidence to confirm additional Planet in solar system

I have watched this scishow episode where Hank says that astronomers believe there is another planet in our solar system. Link He says that it's because how asteroids and comments are being pushed ...
3
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3answers
91 views

Compare with similar types of stars, does the sun itself have any unique properties contribute to life in Earth?

Often hear our solar system has some unique properties for life, for example, far away from centre of Galaxy, having Jupiter far away to protect us from asteroid, optimum size of territorial planets, ...
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1answer
57 views

Where is the materials of comet after it crashed into the sun?

If a comet crashes into the sun, where will the substance (eg: water,silicon) be? Will they be inside the sun? Or they will be ejected from sun again?
5
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3answers
180 views

Does the Sun impose back it's tidal forces onto the Earth (such as the Earth's to the Moon)?

It is known that each year the Moon is moving away from the Earth due to tidal forces. What about the Earth relative to the Sun?
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2answers
149 views

Will a Ball placed close to Sun fall into it?

Like a ball falls on the earth due to gravity, if suppose we are able to place a ball close enough to the sun. Will the ball fall into the sun due to its gravity or will it be pushed away due to its ...
3
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1answer
180 views

Are there good animations of the movement of proximate stars over long time periods?

After reading about Barnard's Star and how it's approaching us 140 km/sec, I'm curious if there are any visualizations of how the nearest stars to Sol will be moving over the next 100k years or so. ...
-2
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2answers
59 views

Does the sun itself present the problem of global warming is it the main cause? [closed]

the sun itself is not responsible for global warming, it must be that the temperature is changing due to climate changes. Anyone?
18
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3answers
259 views

Is it odd that our Sun has so many planets?

The internet is abuzz with the new evidence of the possible ninth planet in our Solar System. With those nine objects, the asteroid belt, the Kuiper belt, and everything else in our Solar System - the ...
14
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2answers
2k views

How bright would the sun appear from the hypothetical Planet Nine proposed by Caltech?

Theoretical Planet Nine, proposed by Caltech's Mike Brown and Konstantin Batygin, is said to have a 15-20 thousand year orbit. Approximately how bright would the sun appear from Planet Nine aphelion ...
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4answers
91 views

What do we mean by Sunrise and Sunset?

If the Earth rotates on its own axis, then what do we mean by sunrise and sunset?
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2answers
78 views

What is the future of our universe?

Is the universe heading towards a Big Freeze, a Big Rip, a Big Crunch or a Big Bounce? Or is it part of an infinitely recurring cyclic model?
1
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2answers
108 views

Are we sure solar cycle is not related to the orbit of Jupiter?

Are we still debating the relationship between Jupiter and solar cycle? If not, what is the common or mainstream opinion about this topic? Or in other words, have we disproved the solar cycle is ...
0
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0answers
32 views

What is the shape of the Sun's orbit around the Earth taking into account elliptical orbits?

Consider the non-inertial frame that is at rest with respect to the Earth's revolution around the Sun. (Ignore the Earth's rotation around its own axis.) My question is, what is the shape of the ...
-6
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2answers
49 views

How do we know so much about the sun since we can't go near it? [closed]

I am wanting to learn everything there is to learn about the Sun from our solar system to the ends of the universe.
9
votes
1answer
437 views

Is the Sun really a medium size star?

It is often said that the Sun is a medium size, or even dim star, but is that true? According to this list of stars within 21 light years, only six stars are brighter than the Sun out of the closest ...
3
votes
1answer
90 views

How can we hear the sound of the Sun?

Recently NASA has revealed that they have recorded the sound of Sun. They say that it produces a sound like "Om". I can't understand how they can hear it. To the best of my knowledge, sound can't ...
12
votes
1answer
149 views

Have we ever observed a body, such as a large asteroid, “hitting” the Sun?

Some other SE questions about launching ICBM's into the sun got me wondering whether we have ever observed an object on a path that intersected with the Sun? How close did it get?
3
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3answers
245 views

Should this photo of the sun's surface actually be white?

If I'm told correctly (eg. What Color is the Sun?) that the sun is actually white, should the photo on that page actually be white too? Is it just doctored to meet peoples expectations?: Likewise ...
1
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2answers
92 views

Why isn't everything yellow(ish)?

I understand that - although appearing yellow - the sun is white. And that this is because the other light colours are scattered by the atmosphere. For example: Google image search for "The Sun from ...
2
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1answer
67 views

Are there accurate equinox and solstice predictions for the distant past?

I am trying to find information on the equinox/solstice dates before 1600, more exactly referring up to 10,000 BCE so as to create a sort of calculator on an Excel spreadsheet. I have read about the ...
2
votes
1answer
110 views

If the Sun got larger, but maintained its luminosity, would the Earth get hotter or colder?

A recent question If the Sun were bigger but colder, Earth would be hotter or colder? asked - if the Sun got bigger and cooler, would the Earth heat up or cool down. I think the answer to that is ...
64
votes
2answers
7k views

How loud would the Sun be?

Sound can't travel through outer space. But if it could, how loud would the Sun be? Would the sound be dangerous to life on Earth, or would we barely hear it from this distance?
4
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3answers
181 views

How long does a sunrise or sunset take?

From the time that the sun appears on the horizon, or meets it on its setting, to the time that it is fully visible, or no longer visible on its setting, how much time passes? Secondly, is there a ...
14
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6answers
3k views

Are we still going to have rainbows if Sun is replaced by another star?

Rainbow is a property of light splitting due to the water molecule present in the clouds and is related to the light emitted by our Sun. Our sun is a yellow star. Now if we replace sun by a blue giant ...
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2answers
59 views

Betelgeuse and sun classification

In this video, between 4 and 6 minutes, the lecturer describes M type stars as being less massive, smaller, and redder than G type stars. He then gives Betelgeuse as an example of an M type star and ...
4
votes
1answer
69 views

Why would the Earth's solar analemma would be still a figue eight even if Earth's orbit was circular?

The Earth's solar analemma is a diagram showing the deviation of the Sun from its mean motion in the sky, as viewed from a fixed location on the Earth. ... For [a planet] with a circular orbit but ...
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1answer
50 views

If there are neutron stars, would most stars be considered “proton stars”?

For example, the Sun is a giant sphere of positively charged plasma. About 72% of the elements in it are protium. This means that these protium atoms would have had to lose their electrons, right? If ...
3
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1answer
69 views

Does Dark Matter affect the motion of the Solar System?

Would dark matter have a similar effect on the Solar System as it does on the Milky Way? I'd imagine it could help hold together some of the Solar System bodies or at least affect their motion, right? ...
4
votes
2answers
82 views

How does the appearance of the analemma vary with latitude

How does the appearance of an analemma vary with latitude? This what I take to be a definition of an analemma: If the position of the sun is plotted or photographed at noon clock time (say UTC) every ...
4
votes
1answer
41 views

Do sungrazing comets leave a field of meteoroids near the Sun?

A large fraction (a third?) of all comets found (with observational bias thanks to SOHO) have been sungrazers, breaking up with perihelion of a few of Sun's radius. Is there reason to believe that ...
1
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1answer
124 views

Does the Moon capture radiation pressure from the sun causing momentum from photon propulsion? [closed]

Could a planet's main use for natural satellites be that of a photon sail?
2
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1answer
41 views

Math for calculating the terrestrial longitude directly under the sun with time

I'm trying to calculate the longitude on the earth where it's noon at some time. (That is, the longitude which is coplanar with the plane defined by the sun and the earth's axis.) Here is my python ...
4
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2answers
232 views

What happens to oxygen produced on the Sun (or other stars)?

Through nuclear fusion, the Sun can (or at the very least, someday will) produce atoms of all elements up to and including oxygen. And in terrestrial chemistry at least, when you combine oxygen, ...
6
votes
1answer
109 views

Best approximation for Sun's trajectory around galactic center?

What is the current best approximation for the path the Sun takes around the center of the Milky Way? I have found some information on the approximate position of the Milky Way's center, the speed of ...
1
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3answers
239 views

Brown Dwarf transcending past the sun with the naked eye [closed]

I seen with my naked eye in mid 2014 from Ca. right after sunrise a black spot in front of the Sun.I observed it for about a hour with my naked eye. Here is a picture that closely resembles what I ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

How much of the ambient radiation on Mars is arriving line of sight from the Sun?

I read a lot about the amount of radiation bodies like the Moon and Mars receive, but it's hard to find information about where the radiation is coming from. It seems to me that it's cosmic radiation ...
1
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1answer
23 views

relation between azimuth angle of the sun and angle of the shodow

What is the relation between azimuth angle of the sun the bearing of an vertical object's shadow? For example if the bearing of the shadow is 75° can we conclude that azimuth angle of the sun is ...
1
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2answers
117 views

Can a solar flare destroy every electronic item on earth?

I was reading a book about the sun which suggested that a solar flare can destroy every electronic item on Earth. Is this really true and if so, how would it happen? Could we do anything to to prevent ...
0
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2answers
182 views

Why don't these Clouds show no depth perception in correspondence to the Sun [closed]

The pictures show exactly what my naked eye visualized.What is the cause of this?
2
votes
2answers
110 views

What constellation does sun occupy by location and date?

How can i find the location of the sun and which constellation it would occupy based on the location and date of year. for example: an observer is in Des Moines, Iowa on April 10th, which ...
5
votes
2answers
297 views

What would happen if we stepped on the Sun?

I mean in intrinsic detail. What would happen to our bodies besides "burst into flames"?
4
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2answers
141 views

Are planets moving away from the sun?

I saw on the tv show Through the Wormhole (hosted by Morgan Freeman) that the planets in our solar system have been continuously moving away from the sun for millions of years. however, when I try to ...
5
votes
1answer
169 views

How can one explain the apparent motion of the Sun from a heliocentric point of view?

From a horizontal frame of reference, the path of the Sun looks like a part of a circle in a tilted plane, as shown in this picture: ...
4
votes
2answers
75 views

Understanding Earth Tilt, Sun's Position and Lattitude Calculation

I've been trying to figure out how to calculate the latitude of my location with just the shadow of a stick cast by the sun. I am doing this under the assumption that I am stranded in some place with ...
4
votes
1answer
107 views

What is the angle between the equator of the sun, and the plane of the Earth's orbit

I want to know the angle between the plane that passes through the centre of sun and is perpendicular to its spin axis, and the plane that contains the orbit of earth around sun? Is this a fixed ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Amount of EM radiation (and particles) Earth “receives” from other planets in our solar system?

Can it be (or has it been already?) measured how much and what kind of EM radiation (apart from visible light)/particles Earth "receives" from a specific planet in our solar system? Can other planets ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Spicules vs Prominences/filaments

What is the difference between spicules and prominences/filaments. I know that they are both in the chromosphere, and I know the difference between provinces and filaments (depends on the view), but ...
1
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1answer
53 views

Finding the suns position in the sky anywhere at any time

What am I looking for? from any point Latitude, Longitude and date D I want to know where the sun is in the sky at any given time anywhere on our planet. I even don't know what the outcome will be ...
3
votes
2answers
195 views

Can the Sun become a big ball of gold atoms?

The atoms inside the core of sun are continuously fusing and forming other atoms. Can this continuous fusing make gold atoms?