Questions regarding the closest star to Earth, at the centre of the Solar System.

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3
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1answer
85 views

Does Dark Matter affect the motion of the Solar System?

Would dark matter have a similar effect on the Solar System as it does on the Milky Way? I'd imagine it could help hold together some of the Solar System bodies or at least affect their motion, right? ...
4
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2answers
143 views

How does the appearance of the analemma vary with latitude

How does the appearance of an analemma vary with latitude? This what I take to be a definition of an analemma: If the position of the sun is plotted or photographed at noon clock time (say UTC) every ...
4
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1answer
43 views

Do sungrazing comets leave a field of meteoroids near the Sun?

A large fraction (a third?) of all comets found (with observational bias thanks to SOHO) have been sungrazers, breaking up with perihelion of a few of Sun's radius. Is there reason to believe that ...
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1answer
157 views

Does the Moon capture radiation pressure from the sun causing momentum from photon propulsion? [closed]

Could a planet's main use for natural satellites be that of a photon sail?
2
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1answer
47 views

Math for calculating the terrestrial longitude directly under the sun with time

I'm trying to calculate the longitude on the earth where it's noon at some time. (That is, the longitude which is coplanar with the plane defined by the sun and the earth's axis.) Here is my python ...
4
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2answers
280 views

What happens to oxygen produced on the Sun (or other stars)?

Through nuclear fusion, the Sun can (or at the very least, someday will) produce atoms of all elements up to and including oxygen. And in terrestrial chemistry at least, when you combine oxygen, ...
6
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1answer
124 views

Best approximation for Sun's trajectory around galactic center?

What is the current best approximation for the path the Sun takes around the center of the Milky Way? I have found some information on the approximate position of the Milky Way's center, the speed of ...
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3answers
278 views

Brown Dwarf transcending past the sun with the naked eye [closed]

I seen with my naked eye in mid 2014 from Ca. right after sunrise a black spot in front of the Sun.I observed it for about a hour with my naked eye. Here is a picture that closely resembles what I ...
3
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1answer
66 views

How much of the ambient radiation on Mars is arriving line of sight from the Sun?

I read a lot about the amount of radiation bodies like the Moon and Mars receive, but it's hard to find information about where the radiation is coming from. It seems to me that it's cosmic radiation ...
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1answer
30 views

relation between azimuth angle of the sun and angle of the shodow

What is the relation between azimuth angle of the sun the bearing of an vertical object's shadow? For example if the bearing of the shadow is 75° can we conclude that azimuth angle of the sun is ...
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2answers
169 views

Can a solar flare destroy every electronic item on earth?

I was reading a book about the sun which suggested that a solar flare can destroy every electronic item on Earth. Is this really true and if so, how would it happen? Could we do anything to to prevent ...
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2answers
226 views

Why don't these Clouds show no depth perception in correspondence to the Sun [closed]

The pictures show exactly what my naked eye visualized.What is the cause of this?
2
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2answers
221 views

What constellation does sun occupy by location and date?

How can i find the location of the sun and which constellation it would occupy based on the location and date of year. for example: an observer is in Des Moines, Iowa on April 10th, which ...
5
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2answers
351 views

What would happen if we stepped on the Sun?

I mean in intrinsic detail. What would happen to our bodies besides "burst into flames"?
4
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2answers
176 views

Are planets moving away from the sun?

I saw on the tv show Through the Wormhole (hosted by Morgan Freeman) that the planets in our solar system have been continuously moving away from the sun for millions of years. however, when I try to ...
6
votes
1answer
260 views

How can one explain the apparent motion of the Sun from a heliocentric point of view?

From a horizontal frame of reference, the path of the Sun looks like a part of a circle in a tilted plane, as shown in this picture: ...
4
votes
2answers
97 views

Understanding Earth Tilt, Sun's Position and Lattitude Calculation

I've been trying to figure out how to calculate the latitude of my location with just the shadow of a stick cast by the sun. I am doing this under the assumption that I am stranded in some place with ...
4
votes
1answer
157 views

What is the angle between the equator of the sun, and the plane of the Earth's orbit

I want to know the angle between the plane that passes through the centre of sun and is perpendicular to its spin axis, and the plane that contains the orbit of earth around sun? Is this a fixed ...
1
vote
1answer
35 views

Amount of EM radiation (and particles) Earth “receives” from other planets in our solar system?

Can it be (or has it been already?) measured how much and what kind of EM radiation (apart from visible light)/particles Earth "receives" from a specific planet in our solar system? Can other planets ...
2
votes
1answer
102 views

Spicules vs Prominences/filaments

What is the difference between spicules and prominences/filaments. I know that they are both in the chromosphere, and I know the difference between provinces and filaments (depends on the view), but ...
1
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1answer
57 views

Finding the suns position in the sky anywhere at any time

What am I looking for? from any point Latitude, Longitude and date D I want to know where the sun is in the sky at any given time anywhere on our planet. I even don't know what the outcome will be ...
3
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2answers
208 views

Can the Sun become a big ball of gold atoms?

The atoms inside the core of sun are continuously fusing and forming other atoms. Can this continuous fusing make gold atoms?
2
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1answer
74 views

Sun's apparent motion above the arctic circle during summer solstice

I'm having difficulty with an apparent contradiction about the sun's motion during the summer solstice above the arctic circle. The YouTube video The North Pole Entire Summer of never ending sun ...
1
vote
1answer
393 views

Earth Rotation and Orbit Geometry

Let Line A be the projection of the axis of Earth's rotation onto the plane of the eliptic. Let Line B the line connecting the center of the Earth and center of the Sun. At what times during the ...
2
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1answer
138 views

What will the last days of Earth be like?

The sun is a main-sequence star; as I understand it the sun will expand into a red giant in a few billion years. I have heard conflicting reports of what this entails - some sources I found say the ...
2
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1answer
86 views

What is the air pressure in the heliosphere (Sun's atmosphere)?

Specifically, I am wondering what the pressure is at a distance of around 1 AU. Does it it decrease quadratically with distance?
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2answers
237 views

Does the Sun move? [duplicate]

I'm curious; does the Sun actually move? The concept behind the question is that if you wear a shirt and you move, does the shirt actually move? The Solar System orbits around the Milky Way, but does ...
0
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2answers
116 views

Accidental or deliberate? [duplicate]

We know that the visual size of the Sun and Moon from the Earth in our lifetime (!) is nearly equivalent. Now my question: Is this event is random? Or have a scientific reason? For example, maybe ...
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vote
1answer
414 views

When will the next summer solstice and a full moon coincide? What day?

What day will the summer solstice and full moon coincide? As far as I know the next time will be in 2016. I would like to know what day.
2
votes
1answer
143 views

Name and language of symbol in astronomy book

I've been working on a programming project involving Peter Duffett-Smith's Practical Astronomy With Your Calculator (3rd Ed.), which has a large number of mathematical/astronomical formulas in it. ...
6
votes
4answers
478 views

Does Sun have a reflection on Earth?

The new Google Maps1 presents an actual view of Earth, with the current position of Sun illuminating half part of Earth in real time. It is quite an exquisite view. My question is based on the ...
6
votes
4answers
530 views

Moon's orbit around the Sun

The Earth revolves around the Sun and the Moon revolves around the Earth. Out of curiosity I started thinking about the orbit of the Moon around the Sun and expected (assumed) it to be as follows: ...
3
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0answers
44 views

Calculating effective SSN (sunspot number)

I am doing research on SSN like parameters. As I can see effective SSN is a parameter that derived from SSN or may be using other parameters. Do anyone know how to calculate effective SSN. i.e ...
5
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0answers
114 views

How to calculate geocentric conjunction time and moon altitude at a given time

Umm al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia determine the new moon if these criteria meet at 29th day: The geocentric conjunction occurs before sunset. The moon sets after the sun. I've got the formula ...
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2answers
71 views

why are solar telescopes built on lakes? the site differnece between a solar and an optical telescope

According to the wikipedia page big bear, water can cool the observatory. Big bear is in the southern California. It is better to build it on a cold high mountain with stable and clear atmosphere? ...
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1answer
126 views

Finding Latitude and Longitude of a person or of where a picture was taken

this is my first post on the Astronomy stack exchange site. Please let me know how this question is based on y'all's generally accepted criteria for a good question as well as possible improvements. ...
0
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1answer
184 views

Has the sun become way brighter the last years?

Up to last year, I never got blinded by the sun in everyday situations (e.g. running towards it), at no time of the year I was. But since last christmas, it occured to me more often that I cannot ...
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0answers
44 views

How to implement DCDFT to get S vs T graph

I was trying to implement DCDFT (Date Compensated DFT) (Ferraz Mello's) to a tabular data which I had saved in an Excel file. After searching the internet thoroughly, I came across Vstar software, ...
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2answers
100 views

Would dark energy save the earth for a while as the sun heats up?

Would the expansion of space (e.g. dark energy) move the earth further away from the sun over time, possibly saving us for perhaps a few billion years as the sun heats up? Scientists now tend to ...
-2
votes
1answer
96 views

Could our Sun be a companion star of a massive black hole?

Can we track its orbit well now? There is any study that may indicate our sun may be a companion of a big black hole? What is the current constrain about its orbit now? There is a 1000 solar mass ...
6
votes
2answers
369 views

How much mass will the Sun have when it becomes a white dwarf?

In 4 billion years, when our Sun sheds all of its outer gas layers and turns into a white dwarf, how much mass will the white dwarf have compared to what the sun has today? Will the planets still ...
0
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1answer
111 views

Is the sun too small to self-ignite?

I recently heard in a discussion that the sun is not massive enough to self-ignite via core-pressure. It simply has not enough mass to "generate" the gravitational force needed for that. The reason ...
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0answers
63 views

Source of high energy cosmic particles

Earth receives shower of both solar and cosmic radiations every seconds. The Sun put up a heliosphere around the solar system and thus foreign high energy charged particles could not penetrate easily. ...
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1answer
48 views

Does the sun have a feature like the red spot on Jupiter?

Does the sun have a feature or prominence like the red spot on Jupiter? Is there a feature that will remain as long as the red spot? Maybe beneath the surface?
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3answers
135 views

Do we still use the term “astronomical unit” nowadays?

An astronomical unit is defined as the measurement of distance between Earth and our Sun, my question is since distances between celestial objects beyond our solar system are vast and unimaginable ...
18
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3answers
5k views

Why there is no smoke around the Sun?

Where there is fire, there is always smoke. So why there isn't any smoke near the Sun?
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1answer
790 views

Does our sun/solar system orbit around any other celestial objects? [duplicate]

Does our solar system orbit around another massive celestial object? Like a massive star or black hole for instance? From my understanding our sun rotates around the centre of our galaxy, thus our ...
2
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2answers
79 views

What triggers solar flares?

The sun is a big ball of hot plasma which contains free electrons. However, how does the absence of metallic elements in the sun generate the magnetic field to orchestrate these free electrons to ...
1
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1answer
85 views

What came first: the Sun shining or the existence of helium?

This seems to be a chicken and egg problem, the sun begins shining due to hydrogen becoming helium, but it's odd that there was no helium initially without the stars. Is my logic flawed? (Note: ...
3
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2answers
508 views

Is it possible that the Sun has a binary partner (the Nemesis Theory) that has eluded detection?

I just recently learned about the theory that our Sun has a small companion star with a 26 million year orbit. This theory came about when it was realized that mass extinction events happened ...