Questions regarding the closest star to Earth, centre of our Solar System.

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3
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1answer
24 views

How can the Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) warn of incoming solar storms?

How can the Advanced Composition Explorer (ACE) warn of incoming solar storms when is is invested with radiation? Discovery.com article Solar Storm Warning Satellite on Last Legs states that: ...
3
votes
2answers
37 views

How does solar activity (e.g. flares, coronal mass ejections) change over the life cycle of a Sun-like star?

As a Sun-like star is born from a collapsed nebula and generates energy by nuclear fusion some of that energy is converted to magnetic fields which fuel solar activity. How does that activity evolve ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

Motion of the sun as observed from mercury

I recently found this animation which shows the motion of sun as observed from mercury. It seems as if the sun stops in between, retraces a bit and then continues towards the west. What is the reason ...
3
votes
2answers
93 views

Apogalacticon and Perigalacticon

What is the length of the apogalacticon and perigalacticon of the Sun and Milky Way? The general terms seem to be apoapsis and periapsis. My greatest efforts at Googling have failed miserably. If ...
3
votes
1answer
287 views

How to get the longitude/latitude from solar zenith/azimuth?

How do I get the longitude/latitude from zenith/azimuth? Or how can I position my sun in a 3d application? code extracted from here ...
3
votes
1answer
36 views

What is the degree of ionization is the solar photosphere?

I am wondering how many free electrons per baryon and how many free electrons per atom there are in the solar photosphere. This number depends on the abundances of the various atoms found in the ...
2
votes
2answers
98 views

Is it possible to move a planet out of its orbit? At least a lighter planet?

As observed by many researches our sun will be exhausted in a distant future. So anyone thinks driving our planet (or any planet) closer to the sun for more light and heat is a solution for the life ...
2
votes
1answer
50 views

Did the Babylonians believe in the Heliocentric version?

It's mentioned that the Babylonians decreed that there were exactly 360 days in a year. This statement was based upon the utilization of 360 as a standard (based on the sexagesimal system) i.e., they ...
2
votes
1answer
146 views

How can the sun burn without oxygen?

Allright I am a 17 year old student, that only just figured out that the universe is amazing! Thanks to Dr. Neil Degrasse Tyson I raised a lot of interest in the universe. Due to his latest show ...
2
votes
1answer
70 views

Are ascending node of sun, the point of intersection of prime meridian and equator and center of earth all collinear?

I did a bit of googling but couldn't find the exact answer, so are the following 3 points collinear or not ? 1_center of earth 2_ascending(or descending) node of sun 3_point of intersection of ...
2
votes
1answer
43 views

Broadband spectrum of Sun

Broadband spectrum is one which is inclusive of all the observed wavelength ranges. In the case of the BB spectra of our Sun, there is a sharp (non-differentiable) kink in the curve in the UV-range ...
2
votes
2answers
75 views

Can looking at the sun through solar viewing eclipse shades everyday harm your eyes?

I have a pair of Solar Viewing Eclipse Shades that say "Safe for Direct Solar Viewing" and would like to know if my eyes would be harmed if I looked at the sun everyday for about a minute wearing ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

Given a date obtain latitude and longitude where is the sun zenith

Searching is easy to find terminator line (frontier between day and night) or the position of the sun in the sky given a position on the earth and a time; but I can't find how to obtain where is the ...
2
votes
1answer
387 views

In 2016, the summer solstice will coincide with a full moon. How often does this happen?

I found that the solstices work on a 400 year cycle based on this. I can't find anything similar for the lunar cycle. Is there a formula I can use to calculate the date of the full moon?
1
vote
1answer
47 views

Star class according to initial mass

Studying the stars classes for my homework (school) i learned that stars are classified by the spectral types (Harvard) and luminosity class (MKK) .. So the sun is a star class ...
1
vote
3answers
73 views

the metal distribution in our solar system

The sun dominates in our solar system. I wonder whether in every aspect the sun play the most role in our system. For example, all kinds of metals are mainly located in the sun instead of the rest ...
1
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1answer
41 views

Why there are three equations governing blackbody emission?

I learnt that the spectrum of a black body can be explained using Planck distribution Rayleigh -Jeans equation and Weins displacement law Can anyone tell me why there are three different equations ...
1
vote
1answer
81 views

How big would a disc have to be to blot out the sun covering 5% of the land mass of earth?

Like this, but floating in space. I imagine that this would also be influenced by the distance of the object from the sun, and that there is some ideal distance for this object to be? (and ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Hour angle sunrise calculation problem

I am trying to program a sunrise/sunset calculator using this formula tutorial. If you follow the steps, eventually you get to this formula for "H" (the "hour angle"): $H = \arccos( [\sin(-0.83) - ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

Why do we not find larger quantities of helium in the Sun's atmosphere?

The Sun currently shines because H is being burned to He, and it has been doing this for about 4.57 Ga. But when we analyze the Sun's atmosphere, we do not find unusually large amounts of He. Why not? ...
1
vote
2answers
58 views

How are East and West defined on other bodies of our solar system?

I noticed that East and West appear swapped on maps of the Sun, even though the Sun rotates around its polar axis in the same sense as Earth. See for example below Sun disk with a Venus transit ...
1
vote
3answers
208 views

The formation of absorption lines in solar spectrum

It is said that absorption lines originate from regions higher in the photosphere where the gas is cooler. The gas should be absorbing photons, then re-emitting them... absorb, re-emit, absorb, ...
1
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1answer
47 views

Solar maximum and minimum

What are solar maximum and solar minimum? Is there a relation between sun spots and solar maximum and minimum? Thank you!
1
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1answer
44 views

What are the color progression of a typical sunrise?

"Dawn simulators" are used to simulate a natural sunrise, or at least the physiological effects of one. What temporal sequence of color values (e.g., hue, saturation, brightness, and timing) ...
1
vote
1answer
31 views

How are stellar elemental abundances quoted?

Close to the bottom of page 4 of this article (marked as page 164 in the upper left corner) states Values are given in the logarithmic scale usually adopted by astronomers, A$_{e\ell}$ = log ...
1
vote
1answer
80 views

Does the sky get darker faster during the winter?

When one lives away from the equator, say at around 37° latitude, does the sky get darker faster after the sun sets in the winter as compared to the summer? Why is this the case? I believe that if ...
1
vote
0answers
8 views

Effect of the absence of atmospheric refraction to sun rise and sunset times

What is the effect of absence of atmospheric refraction on sin rise and sunset time? Is it will be delayed or earlier for sunrise and sunset, and why? Thank you:)
1
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0answers
59 views

Compute the colour in the AB photometric system

I have a question for homework and don't get it at all: Consider two filters as shown in the figure below. Compute the colour S1 - S2 in the AB system for a star with flux: where is a constant ...
1
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0answers
20 views

Observed sun/moon rise/set times to nearest second?

Where can I find a list of observed (not computed) sun/moon rise/set times to the nearest second, along with the location (latitude, longitude, altitude [or enough information to find these three ...
1
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0answers
22 views

golden and red colored light even after Sunset [closed]

I heard about golden hour but today i saw golden and red colored patches in sky even after Sunset. why it happens? and would like to know more about science behind golden hour.
1
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0answers
100 views

Class presentation on the Sun, ideas? [closed]

Tomorrow I have to give a [high school] class presentation on a topic of the solar system. I have thought of the Sun, as I have always believed it to be the central part of the Solar System. So I am ...
0
votes
2answers
93 views

Does Earth revolves around Milky Way?

As we know Earth rotates around Sun and Sun around Milky Way but then Sun must have some velocity/angular momentum (I don't know that much physics terms). So as Earth revolves around Sun, it must ...
0
votes
4answers
125 views

Question about the Sun's Motion

My name is Chris, I am a junior and I'm taking an Astronomy class in my high school. For a homework assignment, I have to explain how the Sun would move across the sky from September 1st through ...
0
votes
3answers
79 views

Mass of sun's core

It is estimated that the sun's core is about 1/5 of the radius of the sun (from Wikipedia). I know that the density of the plasma increases substantially the near the center, and that the volume of ...
0
votes
2answers
95 views

Determine north just by one shadow

I am not sure if this is the right place to post at, but I tried to find the best place to do so. To my point, I wonder if it is posssible, to determine where north is, just by one shadow, that means ...
0
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1answer
43 views

Apocalypse on earth

What would it feel like on Earth if the Earth accelerated due to sudden changes in the solar system like ejection of another planet? Would there be giant tidal waves and other cataclysmic events?
0
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1answer
48 views

Can the Sun be used as a point source of light to achive better focus?

There's a limit to how well sunlight can be focused by a parabolic reflector or a lens because the Sun is not a point source. I wonder if the sunlight could be engineered to work as if it was (much ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Why do stars become red giants?

Disclaimer: I’m not a career astronomer. I don’t own a telescope. I have no professional credentials. But I do find this stuff fascinating, and I consume all astronomy documentaries I can. So, ...
0
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1answer
32 views

Declination and Ascension - the Sun and Andromeda

If Andromeda is overhead at midnight, what is the right ascension of the sun? (andromeda is ar RA =1hr, Dec = +40). I thought I understood what Dec and RA were, but I can't think of how to start this ...
-2
votes
2answers
77 views

One year on the sun [closed]

This might be a weird question, but I'll ask it anyway. If one year on earth is the time it takes for the earth to orbit around the sun, then (if it were possible for humans to survive on the sun), ...
-2
votes
1answer
59 views

Does the sun have a protective shield

Does the sun have a protective layer that at least diminishes its radiation. I know the earth's atmosphere protects us from harmful rays. But does the sun have a sort of shield as well that if removed ...
-4
votes
3answers
147 views

I know when the human history ends. Or not?

If you think that we born on 1920...2000 and knows that the sun will explode 4 to 5 billion years from now. you will say that the time is a strange thing. I can not say that i will die before i know ...