# All Questions

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### Is it just the observable universe that is expanding?

Is it possible that it is just our observable part of the universe that is expanding, in the time that we exist, and other parts are both expanding and contracting at different rates and times? Would ...
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### Did Big Bang sound as loud as we think?

As we all know, There is no sound in space, because sound waves don't travel in a vacuum. But even if Big Bang did sound, what was the main source of it's cause?
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### Looking for planetary position calculation

In Hindu astrology, for creating horoscopes (birth charts), I am looking for calculations of planetary positions. So, how could I calculate planetary positions according to given date, time and place? ...
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### What is the mass limit in a stellar accretion disc?

I became curious about the maximum mass in a star's accretion disc while watching an episode of Star Trek involving a Dyson Sphere. I wondered if some maximum amount of stellar material would limit ...
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### How does 'centre of mass' concept work?

We know that two celestial bodies rotate around a center of mass. How does this concept work in case of solar systems where there are several planets versus one/two stars? (Even if the center of mass ...
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### What's the distribution curve for meteor sightings?

I know that meteor showers have a "peak" observation time. What does the distribution in time look like? Is one side of the peak steeper/shallower or longer/shorter than the other side, and if so, ...
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### Why is the E-mode polarization spectrum out of phase with the Temperature spectrum?

The E-mode polarization power spectrum of the Cosmic Microwave Background displays the same acoustic peaks that can be seen in the (more famed) temperature power spectrum. However, they are out of ...
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### attractors of Mercury's spin-orbit relation

Mercury rotates at such a rate that the Sun appears to stand nearly still at perihelion, when the tide is strongest. Is there a mechanism that tends to adjust the orbital eccentricity to improve the ...
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### If earth were the size of a marble would it be smoother than a marble? [closed]

As the title states, If earth were the size of a marble would it be smoother than a marble?
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### If oxygen were pumped into space where would it go?

If an astronaut went into space with a sealed container of oxygen and opened it up in space and let all the oxygen go, what would happen to it? would it all just dissipate into some other particle or ...
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### Why do objects all orbit in the same direction?

In a solar system or a planet that has many moons, why do their orbiting objects all orbit in the same direction? Is it possible for two orbiting masses to orbit in the opposite direction of each ...
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### How did the moon's orbit become eccentric?

The Moon's orbit is more eccentric, 0.0549, than most planets. I can understand that planets get eccentric by disturbing each other like under the late heavy bombardment. And likewise for multiple ...
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### Are those noise or stars?

So there is this huge picture by Hubble. Better yet, with the zoom tool And if you zoom to the maximum level, you can see a seemingly uniformly distributed dots of orange and blue. Are those ...
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### How could eclipse happen on the same day in a different calendar? (45 AD)

According to the eclipse calculator I use (Alcyone), a partial eclipse 0.314 magnitude occurred August 1, 45 A.D. in Rome starting at 8:35am local time. This would seem to correspond to an eclipse ...
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### Is there some upper limit in the moon size distribution?

The planets range hugely in sizes, Jupiter is more than 300 times as massive as Earth. But the sizes of the large moons seem to be uncorrelated with the sizes of the planets they orbit. Why doesn't ...
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### Southern hemisphere is short of radio telescopes? [closed]

In northern hemisphere, we have GBT, Arecibo, Parkes, Jodrell and VLA, while in southern hemisphere, only Australia has big radio telescopes. ALMA is in Chile, but it is in submm. It is not ...
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### How can we be 13.2 billion light years from another galaxy?

How did we get 13.2 billion light years from the faraway galaxies being discovered with Hubble? If we all started near each other at the Big Bang, and we all travelled slower than the speed of light, ...
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### The universe is dying vs the universe is ever expanding

How does the idea that the universe is dying (trumpeted as some big new revelation the past few days on several new sites I keep seeing pop up on google news) square with the idea that the universe is ...
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### Configuration required to tidally heat Earth-like rogue planet

Could it be possible for Earth-like rogue planet to maintain large bodies of liquid water on the surface without a sun by relying mostly on tidal forces of a moon (or multiple moons). How big/far/fast ...
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### Is it possible to have a part of space devoid of matter?

I have recently read this article and I am finding it a little hard to believe that there would be a place that is without matter. So, if there is a galaxy at the other side of the void, we would be ...
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### Are there heavenly bodies between galaxies?

I do understand that galaxies were formed in the famous Big Bang. However, I also understand that if such an explosion occurs in empty space it will never form distinct galaxies, it should more or ...
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### How do we know that other planetary systems aren't composed of antimatter? [duplicate]

How do we know that other planetary systems aren't composed of antimatter? If they never touch matter, then they don't annihilate. All their observable physics (spectra) are the same as matter, right? ...
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### Help plotting a trip to the Moon! [closed]

Take me to the moon! I know this is literally rocket science but, I would like any sources or formulas that would help me plot a trip to the Moon. I'm not sending anything, nor do I ever plan to, I ...
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### What particles does a black hole emit when it evaporates itself?

Due to Hawking Radiation, after a very long time, a black hole will eventually disappear. But where does this "evaporation" go? What is this made of?
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### What are the differences between matter, dark matter and antimatter?

I thought dark and anti matter were kinda the same, but after saw a video, they mention that dark matter is not antimatter but their explanation is a little fast so I got doubts. What are the ...
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### Earth Rotation and Orbit Geometry

Let Line A be the projection of the axis of Earth's rotation onto the plane of the eliptic. Let Line B the line connecting the center of the Earth and center of the Sun. At what times during the ...
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### Calculate Atmospheric Extinction Using Source Altitude Angle

I am trying to code up the following article http://dl.acm.org/citation.cfm?id=2349512 (alternative free access version) to calculate the light reflected from the moon to a given point on earth at a ...
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### Is the ratio between earth's distance from the sun and the speed of light just a coincidence?

I was doing some calculations to see how hard it would be to observe the speed of light and discovered an interesting correlation between the speed of light and the average distance from the earth to ...
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### How much illumination do the background stars provide?

I'm trying to get a better understanding of what things look like in "outer space." The main problem I'm trying to solve right now, is how much illumination is provided by the background stars. Is it ...
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### Why are so many sun-like stars found in multiple systems? How do planets form in such a situation?

It has been reported that perhaps half of nearby sun-like stars are found in multiple systems. Why is this so common, and how do planets form in such a situation? Kaitlin M. Kratter, “Sibling ...
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### Has New Horizon's data updated Charon's orbital elements?

For years I've been fascinated with the mutually tide-locked bodies Pluto and Charon. In July 2012, The Astronomical Journal published an article The Orbit of Charon Is Circular by Buie, Tholen and ...
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### Why would it matter to us if space is infinite versus being finite? [closed]

More specificlly, what are some of the differences for contemporary sciences and humanity if there are multiple universes versus just one? I ask because I'm writing a story and I want to put into ...
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### What's the difference between the Julian and the Julian Ephemeris Day?

I'm making a code where I calculate the sun position in a given time. But I also want to learn astronomy with it. I'm following a .pdf to make the program, and in this .pdf it says The Julian Day ...
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### What is the term for the point between a star and planet where a 3rd object will cast the largest shadow on the planet?

Is there a particular orbital configuration that would allow an object to orbit a planet while casting a stable shadow on a planet in said position? I would also be interested to know if there is a ...
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### What types of signals is SETI (and other such efforts) looking for?

This seemed to be the closest group for this question. Every few months there are a few articles asking "Are we alone in the universe" which focus on the Fermi Paradox, the Drake Equation, and end by ...
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### Do all planets have a van Allen radiation belt?

Earth has the van Allen radiation belts. Which other planets have one? Can it be determined if distant planets in other solar systems have one?
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### What is exactly the “longitude of the perigee”

Some moon phase calculation algorithms (apparently derived from Duffet-Smith's book, example here) seem to use a parameter called "longitude of perigee at epoch". What exactly is this? Can I assume ...
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### accuracy of an artificial satellite at certain magnitude

When we say that 'accuracy of gaia satellite is 10 $\mu$as at $V = 10$ magnitude in position and annual proper motion'. What does this mean. Does it change over time.
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### Equation for solar radiation at a given latitude on a given exoplanet?

I'm trying to find equations that would help me determine the amount of solar radiation hitting a certain latitude on a certain planet given the following inputs: the degrees of latitude of the ...
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### Why Earthian atmosphere is so thin?

Venus is somewhat lighter then Earth, yet has a much thicker atmosphere. One would imagine that the following should be true: During the formation phase, all inner planets had captured as much gas ...
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### Can a astronomical telescope view objects on Earth

I am new to telescopes, and planning to buy an astronomical telescopes like "Celestron AstroMaster 114 EQ Reflector". Just curious to know that whether it can be used to view objects on earth ...
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### What is space temperature around Earth?

What is the equilibrium temperature that a black body will reach at the Earth's distance from Sun?
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### How long is the moon full

Is the moon the most full only for one moment As stated here and here Or does if stay the same full for a longer period of time (maybe because, the sun is grater then it, and light spreads out) ...
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### How do I remove fungus from a telescope mirror?

I use a Celestron NexStar 130SLT Azimuthal Newtonian Reflector. I noticed that recently, due to the wet season, some tiny spots of what appears to be fungus have appeared. Having taking appropriate ...
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### What makes the moon, a super moon

Caught a sight of moon tonight (by chance) and came in surprise that moon looks thrice in size to its usual size. Mostly called as Blue moon. Didn't succeed in getting the details and explanations ...
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### Has the conjunction between Venus, Jupiter, and Regulus only occurred twice in 2,000 years?

I recently heard the claim that mid-July, the "Star of Bethlehem" formed for the first time in 2,000 years, where the Star of Bethlehem is a three-way conjunction between Venus, Jupiter, and Regulus. ...
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### Could spy satellites use laser guide stars (for adaptive optics)?

Are sodium lasers useful for Earth observing space telescopes/spy satellites?
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### Review Content for my Comet Infographic

I've been hard at work in recent months on an infographic that details the anatomy of a comet... I'm a graphic designer and this is a fun little side-project of mine. It's only quite basic in terms of ...