-1
votes
2answers
81 views

Plausible? Brown Dwarfs are rogue celestial bodies because they absorb all light due to their thick layer of matte black soot [closed]

My theory of why Brown Dwarfs are the rogue celestial bodies that travel through galaxies without a set course. My first theory would be their matte black in color due to a layer of soot.Light does ...
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Ejected planets during the early stages of the formation of a solar system?

This is similar to a previously asked question, but I am just asking about theory rather than observational evidence. Assuming there were a much larger number of protoplanets in the early solar ...
4
votes
1answer
89 views

Venus transending behind the Earths moon December 7, 2015

Observing from Earth what are the odds thats Venus does not line up in conjunction with earths moon and does not transend behind the moon but slightly below or above with a complete visual of venus ...
5
votes
1answer
40 views

Gas halo of our Milky Way Galaxy

This question relates to a diffuse hot gas halo of our Milky Galaxy. I've read that there is a hot diffuse halo of gas surrounding our Galaxy (NED, Caltech) I was wondering why such a halo can exist? ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

If any object could become a black hole, could any object become a neutron star?

A black hole doesn't necessarily need to form from a star; theoretically, it could form from any extremely dense object. In fact, many astronomers differentiate certain black holes, like supermassive ...
1
vote
1answer
73 views

If there are neutron stars, would most stars be considered “proton stars”?

For example, the Sun is a giant sphere of positively charged plasma. About 72% of the elements in it are protium. This means that these protium atoms would have had to lose their electrons, right? If ...
4
votes
1answer
38 views

Why do spectroscopic binaries have approximate circular orbits?

So for an assignment I have to answer the question what I can conclude concerning the shape of the orbit, knowing that it is both an eclipsing and spectroscopic binary. Now, I think the answer I ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

How to calculate the mean molecular weight of the Sun

I have a homework question in which I need to estimate a parameter known as $\beta_{P}$ and also the core temperature, both for the Sun. However, prior to doing this I need to know the mean molecular ...
2
votes
1answer
28 views

What would the cost be of visiting an asteroid?

I'm trying to think through what the cost would be of an unmanned mission to a nearby asteroid. To me it seems like the high-level costs would be the fixed cost of the "spaceship" itself (including ...
5
votes
1answer
106 views

How were the orbits of planets first mapped out?

I'd like to know how the orbits of planets were first 'mapped out' and to understand the maths behind it. e.g. How do we know what position in space a planet will be at certain time so that spacecraft ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

How can I determine line luminosities from equivalent width measurements?

I have a set of equivalent width measurements for different emission lines. How can I use them in order to determine the corresponding line luminosities?
2
votes
1answer
39 views

Why does hydrogen ionization happen in HII regions?

Why does hydrogen ionization happen in HII regions? Why is the hydrogen there ionized?
3
votes
1answer
87 views

Does Dark Matter affect the motion of the Solar System?

Would dark matter have a similar effect on the Solar System as it does on the Milky Way? I'd imagine it could help hold together some of the Solar System bodies or at least affect their motion, right? ...
-1
votes
1answer
141 views

Does the mass of the Earth change?

Every day, babies are born and people grow, which makes their respective masses greater. However, this change in mass (should) come out of the food that they consume - it is used as energy and thus ...
1
vote
1answer
64 views

Looking back in time by looking further away

I have been pondering the question of how we can look back to the state of the early universe for some time. So I came here and found, to my delight, that several such questions have been asked, such ...
6
votes
2answers
751 views

When was the term “orbit” (in the modern sense) first used and by whom?

Wikipedia coyly suggests that some notions and views kept circulating (apparently since Adam and Eve) until finally Kepler, of all people, ... etc. I find this hard to believe. Please elucidate.
1
vote
1answer
365 views

Does this black hole magnetohydrodynamics equation even superficially make sense?

My question is about the journal paper mentioned in an Academia Stack Exchange post. Please understand that this paper has never been posted on arXiv, and I can provide only a link whose content is ...
1
vote
2answers
109 views

why hasn't Nasa gone back to our Moon? [closed]

why has not Nasa gone back to our Moon since the first landing on the moon
17
votes
7answers
3k views

How can we focus radio telescopes on a star when the earth is spinning?

Reading about the Star KIC 8462852, it has been said that the SETI project turned its radio telescopes towards the star to search for extra terrestrial radio signals as the star had strange ...
2
votes
2answers
90 views

Is time itself speeding up universally?

Time moves more slowly near a mass than in relatively empty space. For example, I get that an observer would see someone falling into a black hole to appear to move more slowly and get "stuck" on the ...
1
vote
1answer
92 views

What's the difference between the apparent horizon and event horizon of a black hole?

The Wikipedia page for apparent horizon is pretty sketchy and requires some GR knowledge. Is there any simple definition?
2
votes
1answer
134 views

Need help with the math in Python program to flag Jovian radio emissions

A few days ago I decided to take on the little project of converting a Qbasic program into Python (as a side project to my Radio Jove project), and I've managed to get it to run, but the math is ...
2
votes
1answer
82 views

Has the most luminous object in the universe been found?

It's hard to search through the entire (observable) universe, but the most luminous thing there is must on the other hand be easy to find. Can we now say that the most luminous quasar we know, is the ...
4
votes
2answers
155 views

How does the appearance of the analemma vary with latitude

How does the appearance of an analemma vary with latitude? This what I take to be a definition of an analemma: If the position of the sun is plotted or photographed at noon clock time (say UTC) every ...
3
votes
1answer
122 views

Is the mechanism of solar flares on red dwarfs and brown dwarfs the same as that on the Sun?

The Sun has solar flares that are caused when there is a magnetic reconnection in the Sun's atmosphere, causing a loop of magnetic field to be ejected at high energy, along with a large number of ...
3
votes
1answer
136 views

What you would see in a wormhole?

Science fiction seems to depict the experience of traveling through wormholes (if possible of course) as seeing psychedelic colors or lines of light where stars once were (ie. 2001 or Contact). I ...
1
vote
0answers
34 views

Extra dimensions [closed]

String theory, Kaluza Klein theory etc. need extra-dimensions. For string theory these are compactified. My feeling is that these extra dimensions are not of our 4-D space, but are only of the space ...
5
votes
1answer
52 views

Diameter of Astronomical Object Using Magnification

I took a picture of Jupiter through my telescope, using an iPhone. I know the magnification of the telescope lens I used, and can Google to get the magnification of the iPhone lens (the magnification ...
4
votes
6answers
221 views

How can an infinite universe expand?

I understand the expansion of the universe as actually an increase in the ratio of space to matter. Is this a correct understanding? Otherwise, I don't understand how an infinite structure can ...
1
vote
2answers
51 views

can we use connect a long pipe with space station and use vacuum for fuel transfer? [closed]

We all know that we need a lot of fuel to escape from earth. Even 90% fuel of an spaceship is wasted in escaping the earth which definitely affect our power to explore the universe. we have to do a ...
3
votes
2answers
58 views

Luminosity of black hole accretion disc

The luminosity of a black hole accretion disc gaining mass at a rate $dM\over dt$ can be estimated as ${1\over 12}{dM\over dt}c^2$ That is a substantial proportion of the rest mass of the in-falling ...
1
vote
1answer
161 views

If the Universe is infinite, would heat death be impossible?

If the Universe is infinite, one would imagine that if we kept moving through space, we'd constantly find newer and newer galaxies and objects forever. This would imply that there is an infinite ...
4
votes
0answers
79 views

Is there an upper limit to the mass of terrestrial planets

The exo-planet Kepler-10c has a mass between 15 and 19 times the mass of the Earth (making it comparable in mass to Neptune), and yet is thought to have a density of about 7g/cm^3 and to be a ...
1
vote
0answers
63 views

Why does spectral class and U-V colour correlate slightly differently for main sequence, giant and supergiant stars?

In this diagram the $x$-axis is spectral type for stars and the $y$-axis is B-V colour. Taking Series 1 as the Main Sequence, Series 2 as Giants and Series 3 as Super-giants. Why the spectral class ...
1
vote
2answers
144 views

Could a star revolve around a planet? [duplicate]

They actually do, but let's set Relativity aside for a moment. And the whole barycenter thing too. Here's the scenario: Somewhere in the backwaters of a galaxy there is this huge planet. It is NOT a ...
2
votes
1answer
52 views

Age of Occator Crater

Has any official information been published regarding the estimated age of the Occator crater on Ceres? I ran some quick searches but couldn't find anything putting a definitive (or even speculative) ...
2
votes
1answer
29 views

Formation of a magnetosphere for gas giants / small stars

This question got me thinking about this. Jupiter has, and presumably super-Jupiters can have a strong magnetospheres. A solid metallic core and rotating material around the core, creates a magnetic ...
2
votes
3answers
74 views

Orion Constellation request

This isn't a question so much as a request. I'm looking for an image of the Orion constalletion I could use, but I would like to have a very high resolution HD image, whereby a lot of the deep sky ...
5
votes
1answer
113 views

How small a star can provide Sun-level illumination to its planets?

...or how small can a solar system be, to sustain an Earth-like planet? Sun is not really small, and 1AU is pretty far when you look at orbital radii of exoplanets and size of their stars. How small ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Conversion of magnitudes to Jansky and MAGPHYS?

I'm a bit puzzled and not an observer, so please bear with me if I'm being stupid here. The code MAGPHYS specifies Jansky (Jy) as the input unit for flux through ...
8
votes
1answer
69 views

What are the best candidates for solar lensing of exoplanets, and what would the results be?

If we were able to send a probe to 550AU from the Sun, which exoplanets could be examined, to what resolution, and what form would the examination take? It is radio telescopy only, or would it be ...
5
votes
2answers
178 views

Is there any hard evidence that rogue planets exist?

A rogue planet (or a rogue anything, for that matter: a celestial body other than a star) is something that's drifting through space without being attached by gravity to any star. They're just out ...
1
vote
1answer
111 views

How do we know which elements are in a galaxy spectra?

I know that each element has it's own distinct spectra (this is a good site that lists them: Periodic Table) but when looking at a spectra of a galaxy (or even a star) how do we match those elements ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Is Earth unique in its fairly clear atmosphere?

So, we have surface pictures from two alien planets, Venus (captured by the Venera 13), and Mars (captured by the rover). Both of these pictures appear to be very dusty. For Venus we see strong ...
2
votes
1answer
48 views

Divide a star catalogue to optimize star search

I'm continue working on my Planetarium software and I have a doubt. At this moment my star catalogue is very small, but I'm planning to use a bigger one. To optimize the search inside this catalogue ...
3
votes
1answer
62 views

Is the size and heat of a star important in the development of a solar system?

How do the size and heat of stars affect development of solar systems and what kinds of planets can develop? Is it possible to orbit supermassive stars? Furthermore, would star's unleashing violent ...
3
votes
2answers
375 views

Equation to find distance between objective and eyepiece

I have a home made astronomical telescope with 100 cm objective lens and 5 cm eyepiece.when viewing an object in infinity the distance between eyepiece and objective is 105 cm. So how could I ...
2
votes
2answers
168 views

Can we have a second moon?

This question sounds like silly and rather fantasy filled. But can our earth's gravity capture a sizable asteroid and make it rotate around our earth like our moon which become visible from ground. Is ...
3
votes
2answers
86 views

Is it plausible that Mars could have been one of Jupiter's natural satellites at one time?

Would more questions regarding the planet be answered if this was the case?
2
votes
1answer
45 views

What is Color Index?

I found this Wikipedia page on this property called color index. Unfortunately, I could not find a source that explains this property well. My interpretation is that color index is the brightness ...

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