1
vote
1answer
78 views

Calculation of hour angle

I need to determine Right Ascension and Declination from Azimuth and Altitude, working in C#. The problem is that the formula for calculating hour angle, for some reason, doesn't work. Here's the ...
2
votes
1answer
34 views

What does oxygen on comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko mean?

Recently, the Rosetta mission found oxygen on the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. According to theories, oxygen should not be in the state in which it is on the comet. What are the previous theories ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

What does an Einstein-De Sitter universe look like?

I know an Einstein-De Sitter universe is a "flat" universe, i.e. with a K ("bendiness", sorry, don't really know what to call it in English) factor of 0, but does that entail anything as to its ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Calculate apsides without knowing eccentricity

How would one go about determining the apsides of an orbit, knowing only the current distance between the 2 bodies, the orbital velocity, and the period? Every formula I've seen requires eccentricity, ...
6
votes
2answers
167 views

How do I calculate the positions of objects in orbit?

In a model of the solar system, given the Sun is at the point $(0, 0, 0)$, an given the six orbital elements for each object in orbit ($a$, $\epsilon$, $i$, $\Omega$, $\omega$, $M_0$), how can I ...
15
votes
1answer
418 views

Why did the Comet Shoemaker-Levy-9 fragments cause such large explosions on Jupiter?

In July 1994, the comet Shoemaker-Levy 9 (D/1993 F2) tidally fragmented and these fragments collided into Jupiter, as per the image below. Image source The question is, what mechanisms resulted in ...
4
votes
1answer
94 views

Ambiguity in Earth's “Tilt”

It’s well-known that the axial tilt of the Earth (with respect to the ecliptic) is about 23.4 degrees. However, two angles is needed to specify the orientation of any rigid body, so it’s unclear to me ...
8
votes
1answer
1k views

Why does Titan's atmosphere not start to burn?

If Titan has a methane atmosphere and seas of methane, then why doesn't some meteoroid / chemical reaction ignite and blow the whole thing?
2
votes
1answer
138 views

Can a star orbit around multiple planets or a planet with massive moons?

Note: I'm not talking about a star orbiting around a single or lonely planet :) I know a star orbiting a planet is almost impossible because if a planet is more massive than a star, that "planet" ...
3
votes
1answer
253 views

Eternally collapsing objects?

As has been pointed out by some scientists, that black holes aren't stable bodies but are eternally collapsing objects. How does one come to such a conclusion? Is hawking radiation related to this in ...
3
votes
1answer
89 views

What is the scale of things you can see with gravitational lensing?

I'm trying to understand the examples of gravity lensing (using the general relativity property of large masses to bend light like a lens). Most of the examples I see are of some galaxy (presumably ...
3
votes
1answer
329 views

Why do certain massive stars leave no remnants?

Mass and metallicity are the two main determinants for a star's fate. This is simple enough. What's more complicated is how exactly these determine the star's fate. For example, you can see in this ...
0
votes
2answers
75 views

Can quantum entanglement cause nucleosynthesis to happen in stars?

Even if there isn't enough heat and energy in the star to cause nucleosynthesis, could atoms quantum entangle to create a new atomic nuclei? Or would it be quantum tunneling - if this is possible?
1
vote
0answers
49 views

Stellarium script star of bethlehem

Does anyone out there have a script to replicate the star of Bethlehem. In this case meaning a conjunction of Venus and Jupiter near Regulus.
4
votes
1answer
63 views

Are high-speed galactic collisions survivable?

This is a hypothetical question, but it really is meant as a vivid way of asking about the affects of high-speed galactic collisions. The November 27 APOD showed the Cheshire Cat galaxy group, and the ...
3
votes
1answer
125 views

Can we simulate Earth's gravity in space?

Earth gravity is 9.8 $ms^{-2}$ Gravity on ISS(international space station) is 8.2 $ms^{-2}$ approx. As per this ...
3
votes
2answers
116 views

Software to convert RA and DEC into ALT and AZ

I have implemented the formulas to convert AR and Dec into altitude and Azimuth in C++ following the book Practical Astronomy with your Calculator or Spreadsheet 4th Edition. In the book there is an ...
2
votes
2answers
85 views

Alignment of Semi-Major Axis of Orbits

So I'd like to ask whether the semi-major axis of planetary orbits are aligned? Logically, they shouldn't be, but many websites act as if they are. If they're not aligned, what's the angle between the ...
4
votes
1answer
50 views

How (un)stable are the Lagrangian points 1, 2 and 3?

A couple questions, please: I know that the Lagrangian points 1, 2 and 3 are unstable and special Lissajous orbits plus some station-keeping are required to place a spacecraft around them. But I was ...
2
votes
2answers
99 views

A star a black hole and planets around them

Imagine we have a black hole and a star. There are very close to each other so black hole slowly consumes the star. It is possible to have planets in this system, and for them not to be consumed by ...
3
votes
1answer
29 views

Standard conditions for a heliacal rising

I imagine there are several possible conditions for determining the time of a helical rising of a star, the elevation of the star at sunrise, the latitude of the observer, and the azimuth of the star. ...
2
votes
2answers
57 views

What was the largest telescope ever fitted with an eyepiece

Serious modern telescopes use CCDs to capture the results. This makes it convenient to process or display the results halfway around the world. However, there is something visceral about looking ...
4
votes
1answer
47 views

Can an SMBH recycle dark matter into energy?

I just had a conceptual question, hopefully it makes for some really interesting answers. I was wondering, as most galaxies have an SMBH at their centre (see Kormandy & Richstone 1995; Richstone ...
17
votes
7answers
3k views

How can we focus radio telescopes on a star when the earth is spinning?

Reading about the Star KIC 8462852, it has been said that the SETI project turned its radio telescopes towards the star to search for extra terrestrial radio signals as the star had strange ...
-1
votes
2answers
78 views

Plausible? Brown Dwarfs are rogue celestial bodies because they absorb all light due to their thick layer of matte black soot [closed]

My theory of why Brown Dwarfs are the rogue celestial bodies that travel through galaxies without a set course. My first theory would be their matte black in color due to a layer of soot.Light does ...
1
vote
1answer
53 views

A black hole that doesn't take in matter?

According to List of Common Misconceptions by Wikipedia, under the heading of astronomy, this line can be found: A black hole can act like a "cosmic vacuum cleaner" and pull a substantial ...
1
vote
1answer
37 views

How are the gaps filled in images captured by CCD arrays?

Large telescopes don't use a single CCD; they use arrays of them. Since CCDs can't be seamlessly joined, this means that every captured image must have gaps. But, the resulting images almost never ...
2
votes
2answers
125 views

Does all of time exist and if so where is it?

I've recently learned about the theory of relativity and time. I'm trying to understand it more. My (basic) understanding is that there is no distinction between past present and future and that ...
4
votes
1answer
85 views

Venus transending behind the Earths moon December 7, 2015

Observing from Earth what are the odds thats Venus does not line up in conjunction with earths moon and does not transend behind the moon but slightly below or above with a complete visual of venus ...
1
vote
0answers
30 views

Ejected planets during the early stages of the formation of a solar system?

This is similar to a previously asked question, but I am just asking about theory rather than observational evidence. Assuming there were a much larger number of protoplanets in the early solar ...
4
votes
1answer
38 views

Why do spectroscopic binaries have approximate circular orbits?

So for an assignment I have to answer the question what I can conclude concerning the shape of the orbit, knowing that it is both an eclipsing and spectroscopic binary. Now, I think the answer I ...
5
votes
1answer
40 views

Gas halo of our Milky Way Galaxy

This question relates to a diffuse hot gas halo of our Milky Galaxy. I've read that there is a hot diffuse halo of gas surrounding our Galaxy (NED, Caltech) I was wondering why such a halo can exist? ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

If any object could become a black hole, could any object become a neutron star?

A black hole doesn't necessarily need to form from a star; theoretically, it could form from any extremely dense object. In fact, many astronomers differentiate certain black holes, like supermassive ...
1
vote
1answer
59 views

If there are neutron stars, would most stars be considered “proton stars”?

For example, the Sun is a giant sphere of positively charged plasma. About 72% of the elements in it are protium. This means that these protium atoms would have had to lose their electrons, right? If ...
6
votes
2answers
746 views

When was the term “orbit” (in the modern sense) first used and by whom?

Wikipedia coyly suggests that some notions and views kept circulating (apparently since Adam and Eve) until finally Kepler, of all people, ... etc. I find this hard to believe. Please elucidate.
1
vote
1answer
59 views

How can I determine line luminosities from equivalent width measurements?

I have a set of equivalent width measurements for different emission lines. How can I use them in order to determine the corresponding line luminosities?
2
votes
1answer
28 views

What would the cost be of visiting an asteroid?

I'm trying to think through what the cost would be of an unmanned mission to a nearby asteroid. To me it seems like the high-level costs would be the fixed cost of the "spaceship" itself (including ...
2
votes
1answer
37 views

Why does hydrogen ionization happen in HII regions?

Why does hydrogen ionization happen in HII regions? Why is the hydrogen there ionized?
2
votes
1answer
84 views

How to calculate the mean molecular weight of the Sun

I have a homework question in which I need to estimate a parameter known as $\beta_{P}$ and also the core temperature, both for the Sun. However, prior to doing this I need to know the mean molecular ...
2
votes
2answers
106 views

Volcano activity on moon

Are the dark grey areas on the moon formed from the last lava flows from volcanoes? And that is why there are hardly any craters in those dark grey areas because the lava has covered the old ...
1
vote
1answer
359 views

Does this black hole magnetohydrodynamics equation even superficially make sense?

My question is about the journal paper mentioned in an Academia Stack Exchange post. Please understand that this paper has never been posted on arXiv, and I can provide only a link whose content is ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

Looking back in time by looking further away

I have been pondering the question of how we can look back to the state of the early universe for some time. So I came here and found, to my delight, that several such questions have been asked, such ...
3
votes
1answer
85 views

Does Dark Matter affect the motion of the Solar System?

Would dark matter have a similar effect on the Solar System as it does on the Milky Way? I'd imagine it could help hold together some of the Solar System bodies or at least affect their motion, right? ...
12
votes
2answers
462 views
2
votes
3answers
73 views

Orion Constellation request

This isn't a question so much as a request. I'm looking for an image of the Orion constalletion I could use, but I would like to have a very high resolution HD image, whereby a lot of the deep sky ...
3
votes
1answer
60 views

Annual path polar chart for a star

I've often come across sun path charts like this (Wikimedia Commons) that show the position of the sun at any point of the year, at any time of day, for a specific location (or a set of locations), on ...
2
votes
2answers
88 views

Is time itself speeding up universally?

Time moves more slowly near a mass than in relatively empty space. For example, I get that an observer would see someone falling into a black hole to appear to move more slowly and get "stuck" on the ...
1
vote
2answers
85 views

why hasn't Nasa gone back to our Moon? [closed]

why has not Nasa gone back to our Moon since the first landing on the moon
1
vote
1answer
88 views

What's the difference between the apparent horizon and event horizon of a black hole?

The Wikipedia page for apparent horizon is pretty sketchy and requires some GR knowledge. Is there any simple definition?
4
votes
2answers
142 views

How does the appearance of the analemma vary with latitude

How does the appearance of an analemma vary with latitude? This what I take to be a definition of an analemma: If the position of the sun is plotted or photographed at noon clock time (say UTC) every ...

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