1
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1answer
114 views

Name and language of symbol in astronomy book

I've been working on a programming project involving Peter Duffett-Smith's Practical Astronomy With Your Calculator (3rd Ed.), which has a large number of mathematical/astronomical formulas in it. ...
0
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0answers
32 views

How did we come to the conclusion that light moves as fast as it does? [migrated]

Scientist predict that light moves 3x108 m/s in a vacuum. Then, when light hits a medium like air, it goes into a medium with a different index and travels slower (I believe it indexes at 1.007 in ...
2
votes
1answer
92 views

Is there a general term for epicycles, deferents, and eccentrics in Ptolemaic astronomy?

According to Ptolemy's (c. 150 CE) account of the motions of planets, planets moved in circular paths ("epicycles") around center points that in turn moved around the center of the earth along a path ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Available data on the Milky way around 1920

In a book by Alexander Moszkowski, there is an Einstein quote about a hypothetical size of the universe (100 million Light years). Moszkowski claims that Einstein had deduced that from the ...
13
votes
2answers
4k views

What is the distance that the Moon travels during one orbit around the Earth?

Also, does it always take the same amount of time, or does it fractionally differ on each revolution?
0
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1answer
106 views

How would the solar system look in a Geocentric model?

If I fix the Earth as the center of the solar system, what would this look like? Are there any good images? How complex is this system?
2
votes
1answer
25 views

Do Noctilucent clouds cause problems with telescopes?

Noctilucent clouds are at around 85km altitude and are formed of ice crystals. The ISS recently posted a number of photographs of these clouds and pointed out the key feature, which is the bright blue ...
0
votes
0answers
67 views

Magnitudes of fictional planets [closed]

I am trying to calculate magnitude of a few fictional planets and I just can't do that. My knowledge is not enough. Could you please do that for me and tell me how you did that? 1) distance from star ...
1
vote
1answer
57 views

What was the orbit of the meteor that impacted the Moon on 2013 September 11?

On 2013 September 11th, a meteor impacted the Moon leaving a 34-meter crater. So far the only info I've found was from youtube (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zCFDkj2JtyA) and this site: ...
1
vote
2answers
71 views

Was the Universe expanding before the beginning of inflation?

My point of view is that first there was the Big Bang singularity, and then the period of inflation which resulted in the observable Universe becoming many times bigger. But was the Universe expanding ...
0
votes
1answer
67 views

Space time and aging

Would a more significant curvature of spacetime relative to earth (i.e. time on jupiter) effect the aging process? Basically would you age at a slower rate? Or age faster on the moon?
2
votes
2answers
184 views

What will happen when landing on Jupiter?

Jupiter is a gas giant, so landing on it will not be like as on Earth, our moon or Mars etc., as it does not have a solid surface like these. If we have a hypothetical spaceship or probe landing on ...
1
vote
3answers
82 views

What is a possible software for simulating binary star systems?

I would like to define both initial velocities and masses of components so that orbits may be either elliptical of hyperbolic. Is there any software to make such simulation? Unfortunately, Binary ...
3
votes
2answers
49 views

What is the force of a CME on objects in space?

I've been reading a little bit about coronal mass ejections lately and they seem really interesting, and they cause a lot of amazing things to happen. However, one thing I haven't seen is the physical ...
13
votes
4answers
206 views

When will we be able to detect Earth-sized exoplanets?

I have heard that the only planets able to be seen outside the Solar system are Jovian-sized planets with the occasional detection of planets three times the Earth's size. But, as far as I know, we ...
3
votes
1answer
81 views

How Are Radioactive Decay Rates Influenced by Neutrinos - On Earth and Other Dense Planets

I read a science report recently that mentioned an accidental discovery where radioactive decay rates shifted slightly slower in advance ( about a day and a half) of solar storms or in sync with sun's ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

What's the difference between grism and grating?

In spectroscopic observations, sometimes you meet grism, sometimes grating. Both of them could cause light dispersion, but what is the difference?
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Method to determine the amount of reflected starlight necessary for an exoplanet to be visible from a given distance/angle?

What is the method to determine the amount of reflected starlight necessary for an exoplanet to be visible from a given distance/angle? (Not from occlusion but actually visible on its own.) Further, ...
3
votes
1answer
34 views

How do we convert other waves of the EMS to visible light?

So I just had a quick question and I was wondering how we convert other waves of the electromagnetic spectrum to visible light waves. For example we use X-ray's or radio waves to see things in space ...
2
votes
1answer
1k views

In 2016, the summer solstice will coincide with a full moon. How often does this happen?

I found that the solstices work on a 400 year cycle based on this. I can't find anything similar for the lunar cycle. Is there a formula I can use to calculate the date of the full moon?
-1
votes
1answer
62 views

Apollo Moon Landing [duplicate]

Can there be any truth to the rumour that the Apollo Moon landing in 1969 was staged ? I dismissed this rumour as being nonsense but today on the news I was surprised to hear that the head of the ...
5
votes
1answer
65 views

What makes a really good observatory site, besides altitude?

Let's limit this to optical telescopes. I understand that the higher you are, the less atmosphere is above you to get in the way of observations. From reading around, there seem to be a few more but ...
7
votes
1answer
123 views

Where might a semi proficient amateur analyst participate in meaningful astronomical efforts

I am a retired engineer that has an ongoing interest in space efforts. In my youth I did work on the Apollo program but on propulsion and vehicle thermal control: not flight dynamics. I have ...
4
votes
4answers
218 views

Is it possible to use Hubble Telescope to observe Earth in the past?

We can observe many astronomical objects and structures beyond our solar system, however our observations are as the objects appeared in the past due to the speed of light. My question: "Is it ...
0
votes
2answers
101 views

Precessing of the Earth

It's been known that the Earth's axial tilt varies from 22.5 to 24.5. Does this result in a wobbling while the value of the tilt varies about these two limits? If so, how does it affect the mechanics ...
2
votes
4answers
141 views

Why won't the Milky Way colliding with Andromeda affect the Solar System?

According to Wikipedia Such an event would have no adverse effect on the system and the chances of any sort of disturbance to the Sun or planets themselves may be remote. I'm imagining that this ...
1
vote
2answers
85 views

Why does the focal length of a telescope have an effect on the magnification?

I previously asked that Is the angular resolution of a telescope irrespective of used eye-piece? I learned that the resolution is fixed when the light enters the telescope, and that the ...
0
votes
1answer
48 views

How accurate are rederings of something entering Earth's atmosphere?

Supposedly how accurate is it when you see a movies showing something entering Earth's atmosphere traveling 1 mile to 10 miles an hour or barely at all but skinning the atmosphere they show it heating ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

How do I get from Star Atlas to real life?

This question is about finding the elevation and bearing of a given star at a particular time at Latitude 52N. I look up the RA and Declination of my star. How do I calculate its RA and elevation at ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

Accelerating universe expansion and standard candle

Recent stars (and standard candle supernova), afaik, contain more heavy elements than older stars. As consequence, I guess, recent stars and supernova should be slightly dimmer than older stars? If ...
3
votes
2answers
47 views

Pulsars: How do astronomers measure minute changes in period (~picoseconds per year)?

I've been to some talks that mention how stable the period of a millisecond pulsar is over long periods of time. Recently, it was mentioned that astronomers have calculated the change in period over ...
4
votes
2answers
307 views

What is the difference between solar wind and solar radiation?

Is there a difference between solar wind and solar radiation or are they just different ways of describing the same thing?
0
votes
0answers
85 views

Which will destroy the Earth first: SN, GRB, Asteroid, or the Sun? [closed]

We know rough rates for supernova and gamma ray bursts. So, which is most likely to occur first to eliminate most of the life species on the Earth? Is it most likely that we will be hit first by the ...
0
votes
2answers
178 views

Is our universe included inside a black hole?

This question repetitively comes to my mind but I've never found any good scientist article to argue about it, only esoteric or speculative web articles without much valuable background. So let's ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Calculate time when star is above altitude 30°

To find the best observation time for an object, I'd like to calculate the time when it is 30° or more above the horizon. Local Sideral Time would be sufficient. To include that in my program, I need ...
1
vote
2answers
78 views

For how many bodies can there be a stable orbit with no very heavy central body?

The question is a bit vague, but let me explain: Take for example 2 bodies of the same mass. They can orbit around their centre of mass/gravity. Is something like this possible with multiple ...
13
votes
2answers
3k views

Does the Moon have any oxygen in its atmosphere?

Since the moon has gravity, it's almost impossible that there aren't some gasses trapped on the surface by the moon's gravity. Has any free-floating oxygen been found on the Moon? If so, in what ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

How does the Grand Tack Hypothesis explain how Jupiter formed inside the frost line?

The Grand Tack Hypothesis states that Jupiter formed at roughly 3.5 AU from the Sun, then interacted with a large portion of objects in the Solar System before settling into its current orbit. Yet as ...
8
votes
2answers
248 views

What Causes the Large Radiation Fields Around Jupiter?

I had heard that the large radiation belts around Jupiter may be formed by liquid metallic hydrogen in (or around) Jupiter's core (which Wikipedia says haven't been observed in labs yet due to the ...
1
vote
2answers
226 views

How did Jupiter form where it is?

Since Jupiter is the biggest planet in our solar system and is made up of mostly hydrogen and helium, (the gases the Sun uses to create energy), how come it didn't form as far out as say Uranus or ...
4
votes
1answer
163 views

What is the bluest narrow band filter mounted on ground based telescopes?

If we want to check a QSO's lyman alpha narrow band image, could a ground based telescope do that? I mean under the circumstance that its lyman alpha shifts to 3300A.
2
votes
4answers
104 views

Moon's orbit around the Sun

The Earth revolves around the Sun and the Moon revolves around the Earth. Out of curiosity I started thinking about the orbit of the Moon around the Sun and expected (assumed) it to be as follows: ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

How do astronomers determine the texture of an exoplanet?

So I was wondering how astronomers are able to get the texture/detail of an exoplanet or how they know a planet has water or not. I know how they discover planets by using the light of a star and ...
0
votes
1answer
46 views

Is the Universe really expanding at an increasing rate?

Here's what I just read from Wikipedia's page on the Hubble Space Telescope: While Hubble helped to refine estimates of the age of the universe, it also cast doubt on theories about its future. ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

Is the Dwarf Planet class really necessary?

Another way of asking this is, what is the difference between dwarf planets and asteroids? Aren't they the same things? It's just that some asteroids are spherical and others aren't...or is there ...
5
votes
1answer
261 views

is there any theory or observational evidence that our universe is electrically neutral or not?

It seems our universe is neutral in large scale. There is CP violationwiki problem about matter and dark matter. Similarly is there any theory about whether our universe is electrically neutral? ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

The tidal locking problem concerning Earth sized planets in habitable zone around Red Dwarfs

Would twin planets orbiting around each other present a solution to tidal locking of habitable planets in red dwarf systems? It's an awfully easy equation to set up. I'm fibbing; I can't do it. I was ...
1
vote
1answer
47 views

When is Gamma Draconis closest to the zenith in London on April 4th

I am reading Roobert Hooke's paper An attempt to prove the motion of the earth from observations (1674, faksimile). Hooke writes The principal dayes of doing which will be about the 4 of April, ...
3
votes
0answers
38 views

Is it accurate to compare comets to clouds and rain?

I'm trying to avoid an opinion-based question, so before I outline the comparison I'm proposing, I will qualify the specific facts that yield this comparison. By focusing answers on the relative ...
0
votes
0answers
11 views

The physical nature of Quantum Entanglement: Two Electrons linked? Or one Electron in two places at once? [migrated]

Graduate in Computer Science and Artificial Intelligence, currently studying various fields of science in order to establish a base knowledge for cross-field lab interactivity for future projects; so ...

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