# All Questions

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### Is it possible that a star system ejects an object out of the galaxy?

I know it is possible that a star system ejects a planet out of the star system and the planets becomes rogue planets and orbit around the galaxy. Is it also possible that a planet gains enough speed ...
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I was looking for accurate and up-to-date data regarding the advancement of the perihelion of the planets in the Solar System, the only ones I've found so far are at least 90 years old bout I really ...
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### Planets, gem stones and their psychological effect on society [closed]

I have been having a pretty bad events happen to me lately. Any new undertaking turns sour. Situations that seemed to be getting better yesterday suddenly take a turn for the worst. For example I ...
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### Interfacing FORTRAN programs for model atmospheres with IDL or Python

I'm trying to use model atmospheres such as Kurucz or MARCS for the first time personally and I'm wondering if it is better to wrap it with IDL or Python in terms of writing the code, and getting the ...
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### Why did the Big Dipper form? [closed]

There is an asterism comprising 7 stars, known as Saptarishi mandalam, but better known to the Western world as the Big Dipper. It gets its name from the seven rishis. Why did this asterism form, why ...
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### Do primary mirrors in large observatories undergo regular removal and re-coating of the aluminum? Why?

Performance of astronomical mirrors that are exposed to the environment for long periods of time can experience a slow degradation of performance. They usually need to receive some kind of regular ...
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### Universal point for sky observation

Is there a place on Earth, where polar axis lies on the horizont and heaven equator is in zenit? If it exists, can I, in theory, see all the constelations available worldwide this night?
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### How often is a blue moon?

A blue moon is two full moons in the same month. How many times will a blue moon occur in the average lifetime of say 70 years?
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### Can I get help getting image of Celestial Body at RA 2.220 and Declination +15.59?

My mom had a star named for my dad who died a few years back. I told her that I'd try to find an image of that star and send it to her. My dad's Birthday was 3/31/1931 if that helps. Would love ...
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### How far into intergalactic space would you have to go to see the Milky Way?

If in the distant future a ship were somehow able to move beyond the galaxy and into intergalactic space, how far would it have to go before we could look out a window and see the Milky Way in its ...
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### Astronomy Calculations Tool

I took many images like the following: As many of you may recognise, this is a picture of Jupiter and its four Galilean moons. Using these images, I am aiming to calculate the mass of Jupiter by ...
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### Stars in a straight line [closed]

I have observed many 2 stars which will be distant but seeing from here it will be in a straight line. Similarly 3 stars which is short distant to each other will be in a straight line. How is it ...
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### What is the projected range of the JWST to be able to detect exoplanet atmospheres?

Yesterday the K2 mission detected transit events of objects passing in front of a number of M dwarfs which could turn out to be rocky planets. If some of these planets host atmospheres, could the JWST ...
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### Why does the moon appear on cloudy night sky?

Now, I was looking the sky when I saw the Moon showing up in a sky completely cloudy, like this: But a little different. The clouds were doing an eye shape. What does explain that phenomenon? ...
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### how can a supermassive black hole cause so much energy to enlighten its matter when its massive gravity prevents light to escape?

to cite this german newspaper: Das Materie-Monster sitzt den Angaben zufolge im Herzen der 42 Millionen Lichtjahre entfernten Polarring-Galaxie NGC 660, deren Aktivität innerhalb weniger Monate ...
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### Galaxy centre X structure - could this reflect impact of black hole at galactic centre

As reported in this science article X Marks the spot Centre of Milky Way, a X shaped feature is confirmed centered on our galaxy's centre, when looking on from within the plane of the Milky Way. In ...
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### Do far away planets reflect light in the same way our moon/earth reflects light?

Here’s a scenario: Say you’re up in space and you’re far enough way that you can see the planet earth. Whilst looking down, you can see blue sky, blue water and green land and white clouds and ...
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### New moon and full moon [closed]

When it is new moon we call it as amavasya . How does the moon grow and attain full moon. We call this as pournami. Again it is getting diminished. How does this happen?
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### Energy carried by solar wind

What are the velocity, mass, and charge distribution of the solar wind. Near the earth within the magnetosphere in the ecliptic Near the earth but outside the magnetosphere in the ecliptic Outside ...
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### Why are Saturn bands much fainter than Jupiter's?

The atmospheric composition of both planets are very similar. Then why are Jupiter's bands more visible (North and South equatorial belt, etc.): Whilst Saturn's are not: (except for the storm of ...
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### Which 16 antenna locations are used for the MeerKAT radio image recently announced?

The final configuration of the MeerKAT radio array will be 64 dishes. In the press release of July 16, 2016 a radio image is shown using a completed sub-set of 16 dishes. Which 16 are these? I can ...
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### How many stars would it take to draw a line across the middle of the sky that appeared solid?

I was talking with a friend about how slowly the star field changes (based on the speed that we are moving through the galaxy) and I started to wonder about a star's visible size. They are basically ...
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### Calculate time when star is above altitude 30°

To find the best observation time for an object, I'd like to calculate the time when it is 30° or more above the horizon. Local Sideral Time would be sufficient. To include that in my program, I need ...
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### How to calculate geocentric conjunction time and moon altitude at a given time

Umm al-Qura calendar of Saudi Arabia determine the new moon if these criteria meet at 29th day: The geocentric conjunction occurs before sunset. The moon sets after the sun. I've got the formula ...
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### Do bigger telescopes equal better results?

There are many large reflecting/optical telescopes around the world, just to name a few: the Very Large Telescope, Large Zenith Telescope, and European Extremely Large Telescope. My question is does ...
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### Does Eddington's variable polytropic index better fit data from the Standard Solar Model?

I came across a 1938 paper by Arthur Eddington1 in which he discusses stellar polytropic models where the polytropic index $n$ varies inside the star, decreasing from a value $n_2$ at the surface to a ...
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### Visibility of human activity on the moon

In this video the host of Test Tube Plus states that you can go out a buy a laser, point it at the moon, and see the retroreflector left by the astronauts. When you point at the right spot you'll ...
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Is it true that stars start with a rocky core, then collect hydrogen by the gravity of that rocky core, just like planets collecting materials?
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### Where are the Moon rocks from Apollo? [closed]

There were so many Apollo Missions, and they landed on the moon (so they say). When astronauts came back to Earth from the moon, they brought Moon rock samples. Where are these moon rocks/samples now, ...
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### Can stars be seen in the background when looking directly at our solar system?

Imagine viewing the solar system from the outside: Considering the sun is quite bright, would you still be able to see stars in the background, or does the sunlight disable us to do so? Consider ...
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### How much do gravitational waves distort space near a black hole? [duplicate]

This is something that I've been wondering for a while, but I don't have the math background or general relativity expertise to figure it out (and Google seems strangely lacking in this question...) ...
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### What is the effect of the axial precession on the orientation of the planet's orbits?

I am working on an online application to visualize the positions of the planets and to calculate their ephemerides (you find it here, but it is not complete yet). I do not have much knowledge in ...
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### Do far away stars that we observe today still exist?

I don't know much about the astronomy or the universe but enjoy reading articles from time to time as they pop up. Just finished reading an article on CNN that discussed how a South African telescope ...
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### Have Pluto or any of its moons been mapped?

I was looking over some of the data for the terrestrial planets, and noticed that Venus, despite its cloud covering, had been mapped by the Arecibo Observatory. Also that other planets such as mars, ...
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### Is There Any Center of Universe? [duplicate]

As it is said..the universe began from the big bang and since then it's been expanding. So the big bang would have happened at one point.. And all the matter is expanding around it.. So.. Is it ...
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### A question about the distribution of mass among the planets in the Solar System

Is it coïncidence that the mass of a planet has about its maximum in the middle planets (Jupiter), while the mass of the closest and furthest planets has a minimum (Mercury and Pluto)?
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### Could celestial coordinates be encoded into three-word combinations?

I came across this cool tool which encodes geographic coordinates into 3 dictionary words - table.lamp.chair - for example. You can see their map here https://map.what3words.com/. It divides the world ...
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### Is there a simple, analytical formula for the lunar phase brightness curve?

Brightness of the lunar disk varies as a function of phase angle. This phenomenon is very well established, as is the increase in brightness at low phase angles. Is there a simple analytical formula ...
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### Why do the gas giants in the Solar System have comparatively large orbits compared to the inner planets?

Ever since I observed the depictions of the Solar System, I was obsessed with the question of why the gas giants (outer planets) have very large orbits, compared to the planets that are closer to the ...
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### Data for Sun's Orbit

The planets approximately orbit the sun, but a more precise statement is that the planets and the sun all orbit around a common barycenter. Because the sun is so massive, this barycenter is very ...
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### Does the shape of a supernova remnant depend on the progenitor star's magnetic field?

The magnetic field activity in a star can be very chaotic and my question is are they somehow related?
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### Do constellations change?

Many stars are part of constellations. Due to dark matter the stars have velocities which are nearly the same unregardless their radius of orbit around the centre of the Milky Way. Also, it takes ...
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### What is the minimum mass required so that objects become spherical due to its own gravity?

Is this minimum mass known? or maybe, is it given in terms of density? If so, how much density is the minimum to have an spherical object due to its own gravity?
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### Types of Exoplanets

We discover vastly more exoplanets that are gas giants that orbit their parent star very closely, than small terrestrial planets that are more distant to their sun. Could this be due to the methods we ...
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### Why is the exoplanet HD 131399Ab so hot?

Recently, a fascinating triple-star system with an exoplanet has been discovered (arxiv). I'm very surprised about the temperature of the exoplanet: it is roughly 850 kelvin, even though its orbit ...
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### Why is there a supermassive black hole at the center of every galaxy?

According to https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Sphere_of_influence_(black_hole) the gravitational sphere of influence of a supermassive black hole is really limited compared to the size of its hosting ...
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### Extraction of error spectrum in Sloan Digital Sky Survey

I need to know does SDSS spectrum contains error spectrum as well? http://www.sdss.org/dr12/spectro/spectro_basics/#AbouttheSpectra The above link says, further HDU's contain error spectrum and than ...
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### Are 3D coordinate data from Sloan DSS-III available & easily accessible to non-pros?

Of course the newly announced SDSS-III data and maps from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey with 1.2 million objects, along with all previous data sets are openly available, and I'm sure there are many ...