# All Questions

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### How bright can white dwarf stars glow as they accrue matter?

I realize this is kind of general as it would depend on the size of the white dwarf and the rate of accrual. The general idea I got thinking about is what would happen if a white dwarf star - lets ...
251 views

### How do we know that our galaxy is a spiral galaxy?

I know that our galaxy is spiral in shape, but I'm wondering how the scientists found out that our galaxy has a spiral shape. I don't think we can see the entire galaxy from telescopes on Earth, ...
97 views

### Are objects in the universe moving away from each other at the same acceleration?

This is a follow up question to Does the universe expand at the same rate everywhere in the universe?. If the universe is expanding, then it would seem necessary for each object (ie galaxy) to be ...
51 views

### What is the share of stars in total radiation input of Earth?

Earth gets its radiation input primarily from Sun, then from reflected sunlight from Moon, and stars. Among these, what is the share of stars (or sources outside solar system) to this total radiation ...
85 views

### How can the observable universe be so small if there are so many stars in it?

The observable universe has a radius of about 46.5 billion light years. That’s big but I just wonder how that can be big enough to fit in everything we know exists in the universe. There are hundreds ...
89 views

### Is there a photo that shows a iron meteor or asteroid in space in raw form having no layers of fusion crust?

A raw iron meteor or asteroid in outer space should be in its raw form having no signs of fusion crust from the friction of atmospheric entry and should therefore show distinctive signs like the ...
161 views

### Why is the Color scheme of natural satellites in our solar system based of light shades of grey?

What is the explanation of the color similarity that the majority of natural satellites obtain?
53 views

### What would be the maximum theoretically possible angular resolution?

I have studied some basic astronomy, but I have difficulty conceptualizing the physics of luminosity and optics. We use electromagnetic spectra to detect existence and properties of distant planets, ...
287 views

### Can we compress any object to create black Holes?

In general, when a star runs out of nuclear fuel, gravity gets the upper hand and the material in the core is compressed even further and creates black holes. I am clear till here. Now the question ...
69 views

### could dark energy be a force coming from the hyperspace outside the universe?

It seems to me that the expansion of the universe is only being looked at one way. a repelling force, basically being the opposite of gravity. After pondering this for many nights, I began to wonder ...
100 views

### Estimates of exoplanets distribution consistent with current data

I am interested in current estimate of distribution of planets of various radii in various distances from their parent star. There is many sources, where one can find database of presently known ...
132 views

### Does all of time exist and if so where is it?

I've recently learned about the theory of relativity and time. I'm trying to understand it more. My (basic) understanding is that there is no distinction between past present and future and that ...
27 views

### Does all of time already exist if so why can't we see it? [duplicate]

I've recently become fascinated with the theory of relativity and time. If all of time already exists, and there is no difference between past, present and future then what is preventing us from being ...
60 views

### TIME TRAVEL-Can it be really done? [closed]

Is it posssible for us to time travel? Is light essential factor or the dark matter and dark energy?
43 views

### What exactly is a stellar association?

What exactly is a "stellar association" in the strict kinematic sense?
116 views

### Gravitational red hift vs Doppler redshift: Is the universe really expanding?

Is it possible that the redshift observed by Edwin Hubble is really from a gravitational redshift and the universe isn't expanding as he has predicted? What I think I know thus far is this: ...
45 views

### Do sungrazing comets leave a field of meteoroids near the Sun?

A large fraction (a third?) of all comets found (with observational bias thanks to SOHO) have been sungrazers, breaking up with perihelion of a few of Sun's radius. Is there reason to believe that ...
118 views

### What is the color of Venus if it has no atmosphere?

Mars looks reddish and Mercury looks gray because they lack thick atmospheres and we can see their "real color" easily, how about Venus? Is the surface of Venus really yellowish in color?
190 views

### Why does a mirror bent 'like a potato chip' allow space telescopes to be smaller and have a wider field of view?

I was browsing NASA featured items and came across this - Out With the Old, In With the New: Telescope Mirrors Get New Shape Called freeform optics, this emerging mirror technology, brought about ...
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### Could the Earth use gravitational lensing / bending of light to see it's own bottom?

Specifically, I have often wondered whether gravitational lensing might be able to (theoretically) be used in order to see light reflecting off the Earth that has zoomed off into space and been bent ...
55 views

### Astronomical telescope making

I am thinking about making a telescope. I have a 100cm focal length lens which I can use as objective lens in my telescope. So which is the best focal length I can use as eyepiece in my astronomical ...
215 views

### Why does gravity increase in star formation?

When a star ignites ( ie. fusion starts ), the star maintains its form by balancing gravity's inward pressure, and radiation's outward pressure. I get that the fusion of hydrogen atoms releases ...
354 views

### Is a black hole a perfect sphere?

I know all about how black holes form and why their gravity is so strong. However, is the gravity equally powerful in all directions? Will the event horizon appear as a perfect sphere?
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### How to use spectral profiles to determine luminosity class?

I know the luminosity classes are: Ia-0 ( Hypergiants ), Ia ( bright supergiants ), ... , VII ( white dwarf ). I also have learned that you can use the presence of absorption lines ( ie. use spectral ...
33 views

### What parameters determine whether galaxies colliding will result in a merger or a hit and run?

Colliding galaxies sometimes merge and sometimes pass through each other. Either way, there are huge changes as a result. What are the parameters that matter in determining whether a collision will ...
92 views

### Gravitation - Pulling or Pushing force?

According to Newton, gravity is the pulling - or in fact the attracting - force of any heavenly body towards any object to its center. But, to the contrary, Einstein once said that the four dimensions ...
182 views

### Does the Moon capture radiation pressure from the sun causing momentum from photon propulsion? [closed]

Could a planet's main use for natural satellites be that of a photon sail?
89 views

### What are the stars/constellations a beginner/enthusiast can easily identify?

I was just wondering what are some of the stars, constellations or any other things that one can just identify by looking up at the night sky. For example, when ever i look up, I immediately see ...
264 views

### Does time slow down because the universe is expanding at an accelerating rate?

If the universe is expanding at an accelerating rate, such that the galaxies' moving away from each other is accelerated, then time should also slow down. And when universe will accelerate to the ...
84 views

### Are hot stars like O-type stars entirely composed of helium?

Hot stars like O-type stars show no hydrogen in their spectra. Does this mean they are made entirely of helium? Any explanation would be really helpful.
52 views

### Math for calculating the terrestrial longitude directly under the sun with time

I'm trying to calculate the longitude on the earth where it's noon at some time. (That is, the longitude which is coplanar with the plane defined by the sun and the earth's axis.) Here is my python ...
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### What are the implications if the Sun was formed in a warm nebula?

Molecular oxygen O2 has been found on comet 67P/C-G in a ratio of 3.8% to water, which is much higher than expected. An explanation proposed is that the Solar System formed from a molecular cloud ...
257 views

### Is extraterrestrial mining more difficult or impractical for bodies without plate tectonics?

This article talks about the possibility of mining Uranium on the moon. Since the Moon lacks the geological forces that have created veins of concentrated minerals on Earth, would extraterrestrial ...
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### Are there equal number of planets, stars, galaxies etc in observable universe spinning in both directions?

Just because we observed that our milky way galaxy is spinning in a certain direction therefore we assume it is applicable to all other galaxies, I am curious to find out if hypothetically most of the ...
365 views

### What happens to oxygen produced on the Sun (or other stars)?

Through nuclear fusion, the Sun can (or at the very least, someday will) produce atoms of all elements up to and including oxygen. And in terrestrial chemistry at least, when you combine oxygen, ...
63 views

### Linear extent of an accretion disk

I have a homework assignment question on accretions discs (essentially an estimation of the number of electron scatterings, but this is just for background). There are a few parameters, one of them ...
114 views

### Was that actually a shooting star during the supermoon eclipse on September 27th 2015?

During the super-moon total lunar eclipse on September 27th a meteor-like streak passed very close within view of the event. It appeared to happen at the very middle, the maximum eclipse. [...
105 views

### Conversion between Astronomical Frames, ex. IRCF, FK5, FK4, etc…

I'm a little bit confused about reference frames, and I was wondering if someone could help clarify a few things? So let's say I have equatorial coordinates that refer to the mean equator and equinox ...
123 views

### Where are we in an approximate timeline of the possibly habitable universe?

Our universe is supposedly 13+ billion years old and our Sun is a third generation star. It seems to me that we are now in a relatively young stage of the universe. How many generations of stars will ...
158 views

### How do scientists name space objects?

I am curious that there are lots of celestial objects (planets, comets, stars, galaxies, etc.) in space. How do we name them?
480 views

### Is there a ninth planet?

After Pluto's demotion as a planet, we have currently eight planets in our solar system. But Sun's gravitational pull can be felt well beyond Pluto, so is it possible to have a ninth planet beyond ...
105 views

### Is this a wet moon?

Tonight around 12:20 AM I realized that the top part (instead of the side) of the moon was missing. I live at a country in the tropics. I took this picture with my phone so it isn't very good. ...
50 views

### Where can I look up the 3D positions of the closest stars? [duplicate]

The problem: I want to simulate a travel from Earth to the closest 15-25 stars. Which is the fastest way to accomplish this? What i have: I currently have the distance between Earth and the nearby ...
46 views

### I can't find Rigel on Tycho 2 catalogue

I'm trying to develop a planetarium using Tycho 2 catalogue. To read it I use the WCSTools. But I have a problem. On Wikipedia I have found that Rigel star has RA: 05h 14min 32,3s and Dec: -08º 12’ ...
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### Astrophysical “unitised” version of the Gravitational constant

This question relates formalising the gravitational constant, $G$, (which in S.I. units is usually quoted as $\sim6.67\times10^{-11}\,\mathrm{m}^{3}\,\mathrm{kg}^{-1}\,\mathrm{s}^{-2}$) in units which ...
1k views

### What is a dead comet?

How is a Dead Comet different from the normal comet? How are they formed? And why is the Halloween asteroid 2015 TB145 called a dead comet?.
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### Gravitational Propulsion [closed]

I am not a physicist, in fact I am just a family doctor, so I beg of you to excuse me of anything I say that you may find outrageous :) But I came to this forum to see if anyone would be able to ...
34 views

### What does oxygen on comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko mean?

Recently, the Rosetta mission found oxygen on the comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko. According to theories, oxygen should not be in the state in which it is on the comet. What are the previous theories ...