0
votes
1answer
78 views

When was the nearest star discovered? [closed]

When historically did we realize that the Sun is a star, like all the others? An answer was posted, then the question was put on hold. I would like to answer: If indeed someone asserted that the Sun ...
3
votes
1answer
45 views

Why Free-Free emission is regarded as Thermal emission?

I read that thermal emission/radiation are the ones whose spectra is similar to that of a Black body radiation. Also thermal radiation depends solely on the temperature of the object. How can we ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

How to calculate the pixel size and beam size of an image?

I have an image with some sources in it. I need to get the pixel size and beam size of that image. How can I calculate it?
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Which frequency should be used to communicate with a cube satellite?

I am trying to build a cube satellite using a raspberry Pi. I am trying to figure out which radio frequency could be used to communicate with the cube sat to transfer data like images, videos, ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Why did time progress past the singularity?

I hope this doesn't sound stupid but I've always wondered: Why didn't time stop with the singularity before the big bang? I might be mistaken but doesn't time slow in proportion to the distortion of ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

What is the first recorded reference to the Moon being a satellite of the Earth?

I saw a list recently of the moons of the various planets and the discoverer(s) and date of discovery. Earth's Moon was listed as Unknown. I know you don't 'discover' a huge disc in the sky. But ...
4
votes
2answers
57 views

Why do post main sequence stars enter the red giants branch?

I am an early graduate student in astronomy and have hard time understanding why do post-MS stars move up the RGB. Here is what I understand about post main sequence evolution of stars. As their ...
1
vote
1answer
122 views

Why can't neutron stars ignite and explode?

Beyond the Chandrasekhar limit, white dwarfs become extremely hot. As a result, previously unfusable carbon can become fusable, causing nuclear reactions. This leads to thermal runaway and ultimately ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

How to calculate the LST of an astronomical object at a given height above the horizon [in degrees]?

My situation: I want to observe M52 at RA = 23h24m48s, DEC = +61deg35arcmin36arcsec from, let's say, Calar Alto at 37.23deg N and 2.546deg W. How can I calculate the Local Sidereal Time (LST) at ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Simple Question about Constellation

I am currently self teaching myself some basic astronomy. My book claims, if a constellation is observed for exactly 6 months during a year, then it lies on the celestial equator. I have failed to ...
1
vote
2answers
65 views

How to interpret extreme ultraviolet/ x-ray data in the literature?

I am interested in a sun-like star 138 light years away that is in the EUVE catalog. A table shows that a photon count of 2.6+/-0.5 photons per kilosecond at 100 angstroms has been detected for this ...
3
votes
1answer
55 views

Why dust is optically thin in Far Infrared wavelengths?

What is the actual meaning of the statement 'Dust is optically thin in the Far Infrared (FIR) over most of the Galaxy'? Kindly Help
0
votes
1answer
42 views

Does the sun now 'bypass" some of the original zodiac constellations?

This question got me thinking of an interview of, or a talk by Neil deGrasse Tyson that I saw somewhere in the YouTube universe, giving a question one might ask to possibly challenge literal ...
0
votes
1answer
40 views

Binary Star question [duplicate]

Is it POSSIBLE that we are a binary system? I have been doing research into this topic and it seems we may infact be a binary system. If we are, what effects would a massive body comming into our ...
6
votes
2answers
137 views

Why does the Chandrasekhar limit affect white dwarfs differently?

The Chandrasekhar limit is the maximum mass of a stable white dwarf star. Beyond this, a carbon-oxygen white dwarf will typically explode in a type 1a supernova, due to the nuclear reactions at those ...
-1
votes
0answers
35 views

Is a wormhole asymmetric?

Can objects transverse a wormhole in both directions. A wormhole (Einstein–Rosen bridge), as pictured by the rubbersheet model, appears symmetric. Matter is able to travel in both directions through ...
15
votes
2answers
2k views

What would the night sky look like if the Milky Way were the only galaxy in the universe?

I'm curious to know what the sky would look like without any other galaxies out there. How much do other galaxies factor into the stars we see? Does the Milky Way account for most of them? Would the ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

What does this information about “upper limit column densities” and “upper limit relative abundances” mean?

I was reading the abstract of a paper regarding attempts at detection of a molecular precursor to the amino acid glycine, and I came across concepts (and notation) that I found confusing. If someone ...
0
votes
1answer
81 views

Birthday of the Universe

With every improvement of measurement we are able to determine the age of the Universe more exactly. I just wondered how much and what means it would need to narrow the range of age so that it would ...
-5
votes
1answer
53 views

Could gravity be the 4th dimension? [closed]

According to Michio Kaku, in his book Hyperspace, he said that in this Hyperspace, there exist a total of 10 dimensions that govern the laws of physics. Is it possible that we too live in a ...
0
votes
1answer
73 views

Does earth have retrograde motion?

I am a beginner. Please let me know whether earth has retrograde motion If it does not, let me know the reason
1
vote
1answer
62 views

Magnification of a telescope

I took an image of Jupiter through my 8" Dobsonian Telescope, attaching a DSLR and a 1.25" Barlow Lens where the eyepiece goes, as shown in this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=reFxoF3XoaU ...
0
votes
0answers
38 views

$\Lambda$CDM Model and the early stages of the Universe

We know that the radiation dominant era lasted for 50,000 years, how? What equations give us the result of 50,000 years and how are we certain that we are talking about radiation dominant era, same ...
4
votes
1answer
127 views

Are larger stars rounder?

The Earth is a very smooth sphere, and the Sun even more so, with only minor fluctuations. I am wondering: are larger stars even rounder? Intuitively, that seems self evident, but I am not so sure. ...
0
votes
2answers
65 views

Why do meteorites explode?

Some meteorites just blaze away, streaking through the sky. This is clearly explained, as they either slow down enough for the flame to cease, or ablate in their entirety, turning to vapor. But some, ...
8
votes
1answer
110 views

How much competition there is for jobs in astronomy compared to other fields of science?

I will soon finish a master's degree in computer science. I have been interested in astronomy for some time, which has included playing around with a Newtonian reflector telescope and reading about ...
0
votes
2answers
51 views

Polar satellites for Global Navigation Systems

Why do we need 7 polar satellites for a navigation system like the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS)?
1
vote
0answers
31 views

Plot an AltAz grid over a square grid of RADec points

first post here. As I'm new, StackExchange won't let create or use the wcsaxes tag. wcsaxes looks like the most appropriate tool for the job, but astropy is closely related. I think the title says ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

Stellar mass limits for Neutron Star and Black Holes

Don't hate on me if I am asking a very basic and straightforward thing. I have a few questions about black holes and neutron stars. What is the mass range (in terms of solar masses) for a main ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

How much time does the ISS take to repeat its orbit?

I used to go to my roof to see the ISS, but it is not always visible. Then it appears again but does it appear with the exact same orbit as I saw before? Thanks!
1
vote
1answer
45 views

Is there Kuiper belt/Oort cloud like structure in gas giants?

I know gas giants have moons, just like star have planets, how about kuiper belts or Oort Cloud? Is there any corresponding structure in gas giants? If not, why don't they have?
5
votes
1answer
177 views

What does the Sun's orbit within the Solar System look like?

Everything in the Solar System revolves around the "barycenter": the overall center of mass. This barycenter is not in the center of the Sun. Some articles and essays I've read go so far as to suggest ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Pinhole Projector: Can I use a specific solar optical eye piece to focus the Transit of Mercury?

The title pretty much explains this one. Can I use a specific solar optical eye piece, or other optical device, in conjunction with the pinhole projector method to focus the Transit of Mercury? ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Can I use an array of inexpensive cameras as an alternative to a telescope?

The link below describes how an array of inexpensive cameras can create very detailed images. Would this work for astronomy? https://graphics.stanford.edu/papers/CameraArray/
1
vote
1answer
59 views

What is the equation of state for a relativistic fluid/gas?

Say we have a relativistic fluid/gas, as we have in some astrophyical systems. Now let us write: $e$ - energy density in the fluid's rest frame. $P$ - pressure in the fluid's rest frame. $n$ - ...
1
vote
2answers
30 views

Does this video catch an Eta Aquarid - Earth skimming meteor?

I did a time-lapse animation looking towards the sunrise from Sydney, Australia on 25th of April. You can see it here around 1m 25s in (that link should jump to just before it appears very near where ...
3
votes
1answer
63 views

How big will Apophis appear?

How big will Apophis appear in the sky at its closest point of approach in 2029? Will it compare to the moon? How long will it linger as it passes?
3
votes
1answer
143 views

Why does Titan have lower surface gravity than the Moon when Titan is more massive?

Reading on Wikipedia I saw that Titan is 80% more massive than the earth's moon but has only 85% the surface gravity. Why is this?
0
votes
3answers
94 views

Is a planetary system star's referred to as their sun?

It's my understanding that the Sun (uppercase) is used to refer to our sun/star, because it is The Sun. Latin name is Sol, hence the Solar System. Even the tag (lowercase sun) on this post has the ...
3
votes
1answer
172 views

Pinhole projector for the Transit of Mercury

Very quick and simple one today. What would be the best/optimal pinhole size for a pinhole projector to observe the transit of Mercury on May 9th? I want to get the optimum between resolution and ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

V838 Monocerotis “light-echo” images morphed into nice video, but why so few original images?

This NYTimes video shows what I think is a series of real Hubble images which have been "morphed" artistically to appear to be continuously expanding. (also see The V838 Monocerotis Star Still Has ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Calculate right ascension in Zenith at this moment in my location

I've been searching on Internet about how to calculate which RA is in zenith at a given location in a given time but I haven't find anything (or maybe I don't know how to search). Using my star ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Why does shell fusion produce more energy than core fusion?

Stars go from the main sequence phase to the red giant branch due to the depletion of hydrogen in the core. As a result, the star contracts and shell hydrogen fusion begins, which apparently produces ...
5
votes
1answer
90 views

Why are certain elements so common?

I understand why hydrogen and helium are the most common elements in the universe. I also understand iron, because that's where stellar fusion stops. But why are (specifically) oxygen, carbon and neon ...
1
vote
2answers
74 views

Are there any electrons inside the sun / a star?

Like the question says, are there electrons inside an active star, or has all the matter been so thoroughly ionized / plasmarized that the electrons are long gone? I ask because it would make sense ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

A good place to start? [duplicate]

I am a high school student (going into 11th grade next year), who will be taking an introduction to astronomy and astrophysics as part of my core curriculum. As such, I would like to get a head start ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Evidence of CMB redshift

Are there any known spectral lines shifted by ~1100? If not, then how certain is mainstream that the CMB has a redshift of ~1100? All I see is a blackbody radiation curve void of spectral lines.
5
votes
1answer
165 views

Watching the Mercury transit with improvised devices

I have learned that it is not possible to watch the upcoming Mercury transit with the plain eye (using special filter glasses). Is it possible to watch the transit with improvised devices (like a ...
1
vote
1answer
71 views

Could there be a brown dwarf in our solar system? [duplicate]

Is it possible that a brown dwarf object could be orbiting our star and undetected so far by wise surveys?
6
votes
1answer
173 views

Can you see city lights on the Moon from Earth?

This is the opposite of another question. That question is about whether you could see cities on Earth if you were standing on the Moon. Let's there are cities on the Moon and you're standing on the ...

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