3
votes
2answers
3k views

Is a white dwarf hotter than a Red Giant?

From what I've read, white stars are hotter than red ones. But a white dwarf would have just heavy elements to fuse, so shouldn't it be less bright?
1
vote
1answer
42 views

How to find maximum and minimum right acsension and declination based on the telescope's location?

If I am to apply at a telescope for viewing objects, how to determine (easily) what is the minimum and maximum possible RA and DEC visible from that telescope during that time of the year. For eg, ...
0
votes
1answer
30 views

Moving-Cluster method for determination of the distance of Hyades. A starter problem

I am currently following a class of observational astronomy lab. I will present a brief description of the method in first and then proceed to the question, so anyone is welcomed to read the entire ...
0
votes
2answers
138 views

Question about space-time

In the Big Bang model of the Universe, every observable thing is thought to have expanded very abruptly from a point of infinite density and zero volume. However, the problem with this assertion is ...
5
votes
3answers
5k views

Why did the moon abruptly change positions in the sky?

Three or four weeks ago I was outside showing my neighbors how cool the moon was through a 'backyard' telescope in broad daylight (~8PM PDT). It was 3/4 of the way across the sky (setting behind the ...
6
votes
2answers
139 views

Why does the Chandrasekhar limit affect white dwarfs differently?

The Chandrasekhar limit is the maximum mass of a stable white dwarf star. Beyond this, a carbon-oxygen white dwarf will typically explode in a type 1a supernova, due to the nuclear reactions at those ...
1
vote
1answer
105 views

Why was the size of the solar system not defined by Mercury Transits?

The first measurements of the (absolute) size of the solar system was made using the Transit of Venus, an event that arguably will only happen twice in a lifetime. Transits of Mercury occur far more ...
0
votes
0answers
37 views

radio white dwarfs

We have discovered about 2500 radio pulsars. Part of them show pulsations in other bands like X-ray and gamma ray. The radiation mechanism remains unclear now. I wonder whether there are radio ...
0
votes
3answers
102 views

Distance of a planet to the star?

QUESTION: Suppose we discover a planet orbiting a nearby star. The distance to the star is 3 pc. We observe the angular radius of the planet’s orbit to be 0.1 arc sec. How many AU from the star is ...
-1
votes
1answer
31 views

Topography / elevation data of Mars

For a design project I'm looking for elevation data for Mars' surface - the idea is to replicate a surface area of Mars as a physical model, using the elevation data to create a very rough 3d model of ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

How can we explain high redshift numbers?

I just finished an introductory astrophysics course$^1$ and I have a lingering question that I can't seem to resolve. We learned that for the first few hundred million years, the universe was pretty ...
1
vote
1answer
62 views

uses of coordinate systems

Wikipedia describes the five following celestial coordinate systems each with rectangular/spherical variants: horizontal equatorial ecliptic galactic supergalactic What are the practical preferred ...
1
vote
1answer
52 views

Eclipse — Solar and Lunar

Q. Why is solar and lunar eclipse not seen from all parts of the earth at the same time? I think its because of the revolution of the earth but i am not sure. I want a more reliable answer.
3
votes
1answer
55 views

How many stars are there in a Globular Cluster of 10^5 solar masses?

I was wondering whether there is an easy way to approximate the number of stars in a Globular Cluster (GC) with 10^5 solar masses. Can one, for instance just assume the GC is made of sun-like stars ...
1
vote
2answers
128 views

Can life survive on the equator of cooled and fast rotating white dwarf or neutron star?

As I know, some stars produces carbon, nitrogen and oxygen when they are old and become white dwarfs or neutron stars. And even their surface gravity is strong, it may rotate very fast so that the ...
3
votes
2answers
97 views

Why (actually) aren't ground-based observatories using adaptive optics for visible wavelengths?

Adaptive Optics (AO) techniques allow ground based observatories to dramatically improve resolution by actively compensating for the effects of Astronomical Seeing. The atmospheric effects are quite ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

What's the likelihood of the existence of unknown elements in the Solar System?

What's the chance that there might be undiscovered chemical elements in the Solar System - either on planets or around the Sun or on asteroids of the Oort-cloud?
0
votes
1answer
34 views

How to calculate the pixel size and beam size of an image?

I have an image with some sources in it. I need to get the pixel size and beam size of that image. How can I calculate it?
5
votes
1answer
92 views
0
votes
1answer
39 views

LLR & Orbital Motion

As I understand it, light that is emitted from a source is not imparted with the motion of the source and so always follows a "straight line". If this is correct, I am having a difficult time ...
2
votes
1answer
87 views

Finding a location using the direction of shadow, UT and date approximately

Does anyone know how to find a location by using : the direction of shadow relative to the normal (for example azimuth angle) the Universal time (UT) and date I have a satellite image and I know ...
3
votes
1answer
50 views

Solar / lunar positions in ECEF using SOFA C libraries

I'd like to calculate the positions of the sun and moon in the ECEF coordinate system using the SOFA (http://www.iausofa.org/current_C.html) libraries given a Julian day input. So far, I've got this ...
0
votes
1answer
43 views

Metalicity and age of bulge stars vs halo [duplicate]

From what I understand of current models, the bulge of the galaxy formed first, and thus, would contain older population II like stars. Currently, however, the halo has a higher population of stars ...
1
vote
3answers
51 views

Would a telescope that uses Fresnel lenses be more practical than using regular lenses?

If we were to make telescopes with Fresnel lenses instead of regular lenses, would it be more practical? Would this also allow for much bigger telescopes to be made? Here is an example of the type ...
0
votes
1answer
38 views

Why weren't the Hubble light-echo images of V838 Monocerotis supplemented by ground telescopes?

Drawing from this answer The V838 Monocerotis expansion (not a supernova) and the observation of the subsequent "spectacular" light echo was quite a notable event! From Nature 422, 405-408 (27 ...
0
votes
2answers
49 views

General question on Solar Eclipse

Let's assume 'solar eclipse' occurred Now, at what degree 'moon' will be in 'with reference to' earth (and) at what degree 'moon' will be in 'with reference to' sun In other words, by 'how many ...
1
vote
1answer
40 views

Intuitive explanation for why the universe is flat

I went through Prof. Hitoshi Murayama's online lecture where he describes why the universe is flat. One of the evidences for a flat universe is the evenness of CMB radiation on all directions. My ...
0
votes
2answers
52 views

What visible star is closest to the ecliptic?

If we were to project the ecliptic out as an infinite plane, what visible star (besides the sun) would lie closest to it?
1
vote
1answer
334 views

How to calculate the temperature of a star

I need a way to calculate the effective temperature (surface temperature) of a star for a stellar model. I need something in the form Te=.... I have: Radius in m mass in kg the composition of ...
0
votes
1answer
83 views

Term for altitude of the sun?

The sun travels in an arc across the sky. Where I live, during the summer the arc rises higher, but in the winter the arc is lower. Once might speak of highest altitude or elevation the sun reaches ...
5
votes
4answers
299 views

How are rogue planets discovered?

Planets are usually found by observing a star and waiting for the light level to drop when a planet passes in front of it, but what about rogue planets that don't have host stars?
0
votes
2answers
125 views

Are we made of stars we're seeing? [duplicate]

a fresh astronomy enthusiast here. Recently I've been reading upon how immensely far other stars are from our solar system and how is it possible that we may be seeing stars that are already dead. My ...
-1
votes
1answer
40 views

Calculating Orbital Period

I was using this formula to calculate the orbital period of a satellite in days: T = sqrt[(4*pi^2)*R^3/GM-center] Where R^3 is the radius of the orbit, or distance of the semi-major axis, G is ...
4
votes
1answer
157 views

Chemical reactions in white dwarf and carbon allotropes

White dwarfs consists mostly of carbon and oxygen. In my opinion, they are too hot to contain these elements in molecular form and hence chemical reactions does not happen (I think resulting CO2 will ...
1
vote
1answer
154 views

Could we verify the structure of a black hole by observing an orbiting object?

Can we determine the physical structure of a black hole by observing its gravitational effect on objects in orbit? There are three possibilities that I see, and would like to test: Singularity at ...
-3
votes
2answers
138 views

Is it possible for the Sun and the Moon to crash into each other? [closed]

Is it possible for the Sun and the Moon to crash into each other? If yes, under what conditions? If no, why?
0
votes
0answers
21 views

Can dark matter be explained by a nearby universe? [duplicate]

There is a conjecture in string theory wich says that dark matter is the result of a nearby universe. Suppose we live, to make things imaginable, in a line on a very small cylinder, then on the other ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

Calculating orbits for beginners [migrated]

I'm a game developer, and I'm working a space game, where I have to simulate a spacecraft's orbit, traveling from the earth to the moon. I would need the apoasis and periapsis of the orbit. I have the ...
1
vote
1answer
45 views

K-Pg asteroid impact

Is it possible to determine what daytime the Chicxulub impactor striked the Earth 66 mya? Was it day or night, what was the current phase of the Moon etc.? Can sediments, rhytmites or something else ...
0
votes
2answers
86 views

Solar Elevation Angles — Anomaly?

"The solar elevation angle is the altitude of the sun, the angle between the horizon and the centre of the sun's disc." - Wikipedia The meridian is when the sun is directly facing earth and is at ...
-4
votes
2answers
88 views

Was NASA's moon mission completely fake? [closed]

I really want to know whether NASA's Moon mission really was a hoax, or if it is a fact. Since there are many points and scenarios which proves it as being filmed in a film studio with controlled ...
0
votes
2answers
55 views

V838 Monocerotis “light-echo” images morphed into nice video, but why so few original images?

This NYTimes video shows what I think is a series of real Hubble images which have been "morphed" artistically to appear to be continuously expanding. (also see The V838 Monocerotis Star Still Has ...
0
votes
0answers
47 views

Does a self-gravitating gas necessarily develop turbulence?

Though we may still doubt the exact driving mechanism of turbulence in each particular case (ISM, MC, circum-BH/-stellar discs, atmospheres...), can I say that in a sphere of dark matter particles no ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

When was the nearest star discovered? [closed]

When historically did we realize that the Sun is a star, like all the others? An answer was posted, then the question was put on hold. I would like to answer: If indeed someone asserted that the Sun ...
3
votes
1answer
46 views

Why Free-Free emission is regarded as Thermal emission?

I read that thermal emission/radiation are the ones whose spectra is similar to that of a Black body radiation. Also thermal radiation depends solely on the temperature of the object. How can we ...
-1
votes
0answers
14 views

conditions of the early universe and inflation [duplicate]

According to our current understandings (The Inflation Theory) when the universe initially expanded it pushed space and time outward from a point. So if anything was present in the space at that ...
1
vote
2answers
65 views

How to interpret extreme ultraviolet/ x-ray data in the literature?

I am interested in a sun-like star 138 light years away that is in the EUVE catalog. A table shows that a photon count of 2.6+/-0.5 photons per kilosecond at 100 angstroms has been detected for this ...
4
votes
2answers
57 views

Why do post main sequence stars enter the red giants branch?

I am an early graduate student in astronomy and have hard time understanding why do post-MS stars move up the RGB. Here is what I understand about post main sequence evolution of stars. As their ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Which frequency should be used to communicate with a cube satellite?

I am trying to build a cube satellite using a raspberry Pi. I am trying to figure out which radio frequency could be used to communicate with the cube sat to transfer data like images, videos, ...
0
votes
0answers
46 views

Why did time progress past the singularity?

I hope this doesn't sound stupid but I've always wondered: Why didn't time stop with the singularity before the big bang? I might be mistaken but doesn't time slow in proportion to the distortion of ...

15 30 50 per page