3
votes
1answer
172 views

Pinhole projector for the Transit of Mercury

Very quick and simple one today. What would be the best/optimal pinhole size for a pinhole projector to observe the transit of Mercury on May 9th? I want to get the optimum between resolution and ...
0
votes
2answers
54 views

V838 Monocerotis “light-echo” images morphed into nice video, but why so few original images?

This NYTimes video shows what I think is a series of real Hubble images which have been "morphed" artistically to appear to be continuously expanding. (also see The V838 Monocerotis Star Still Has ...
0
votes
1answer
17 views

Calculate right ascension in Zenith at this moment in my location

I've been searching on Internet about how to calculate which RA is in zenith at a given location in a given time but I haven't find anything (or maybe I don't know how to search). Using my star ...
1
vote
1answer
51 views

Why does shell fusion produce more energy than core fusion?

Stars go from the main sequence phase to the red giant branch due to the depletion of hydrogen in the core. As a result, the star contracts and shell hydrogen fusion begins, which apparently produces ...
5
votes
1answer
90 views

Why are certain elements so common?

I understand why hydrogen and helium are the most common elements in the universe. I also understand iron, because that's where stellar fusion stops. But why are (specifically) oxygen, carbon and neon ...
1
vote
2answers
74 views

Are there any electrons inside the sun / a star?

Like the question says, are there electrons inside an active star, or has all the matter been so thoroughly ionized / plasmarized that the electrons are long gone? I ask because it would make sense ...
0
votes
1answer
26 views

A good place to start? [duplicate]

I am a high school student (going into 11th grade next year), who will be taking an introduction to astronomy and astrophysics as part of my core curriculum. As such, I would like to get a head start ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

Evidence of CMB redshift

Are there any known spectral lines shifted by ~1100? If not, then how certain is mainstream that the CMB has a redshift of ~1100? All I see is a blackbody radiation curve void of spectral lines.
5
votes
1answer
165 views

Watching the Mercury transit with improvised devices

I have learned that it is not possible to watch the upcoming Mercury transit with the plain eye (using special filter glasses). Is it possible to watch the transit with improvised devices (like a ...
1
vote
1answer
72 views

Could there be a brown dwarf in our solar system? [duplicate]

Is it possible that a brown dwarf object could be orbiting our star and undetected so far by wise surveys?
6
votes
1answer
174 views

Can you see city lights on the Moon from Earth?

This is the opposite of another question. That question is about whether you could see cities on Earth if you were standing on the Moon. Let's there are cities on the Moon and you're standing on the ...
0
votes
1answer
60 views

Seeing a galaxy (quasar) greater than 46.6 billion light years away

Assuming the Big Bang was 13.8 Billion Years ago: Is it possible to observe a Galaxy's redshift showing distances slightly greater than that, like 48 Billion Light Years away? I understand that in a ...
0
votes
2answers
36 views

Tunnel vision while viewing through a reflector

I have a Celestron astromaster130 eq. While viewing through its eyepiece, or using a smartphone camera for photography purpose there is always a definitive no light region( it is circular in ...
0
votes
3answers
102 views

What is the volume of the universe?

Of course it is not exactly known how big the universe is, but I thougt that the universe is about 100 billion lightyears in diameter. But if that is true can you also make an estimation of the volume ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

What does “EW(Hα)” mean?

I came across a website saying that classical T Tauris have an "EW(Hα) > 5 angstroms". Does anybody know what "EW" means? Thanks.
1
vote
3answers
93 views

Are we center of universe? [duplicate]

So I just learned that CMB redshift is 1100 regardless where we look (up down left right). According to Hubble's Law that makes it around 46 billion light years away, making it the farthest matter ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Locations of farthest matter

Regarding matter that has the highest redshifts, do we see such matter in every general direction we look (relative to Earth: up down left right front back)?
0
votes
1answer
69 views

What is the last nuclear reaction in a binary system before supernova?

I understand that binary star systems may cause type Ia supernovae. I have a question regarding supernova explosion in a binary system. What is the last nuclear reaction before massive explosion? I ...
5
votes
3answers
190 views

Why do the gas giants in the Solar System have comparatively large orbits compared to the inner planets?

Ever since I observed the depictions of the Solar System, I was obsessed with the question of why the gas giants (outer planets) have very large orbits, compared to the planets that are closer to the ...
1
vote
1answer
70 views

Is it possible that Titan is a kuiper object captured by Saturn?

I think Titan may be just captured by Saturn, not formed with Saturn together, because: It has so much nitrogen and methane, which is similar to Pluto and Triton Except Titan, other moons of Saturn ...
0
votes
1answer
70 views

Jupiter appearing odd through a 6" reflector

Recently I have been trying to get a good look at Jupiter through my 6" Orion reflector, but the image seems to always come out as an oblong white streak. I've tried changing the lenses I'm using, but ...
1
vote
1answer
84 views

Were there any images of a transitary event of Jupiter or Saturn as imaged by a deep probe mission

I'm quite certain that there isn't any actual images of a transitory event of Jupiter or Saturn across the solar disk from say e.g.,s the Voyager probe, Pioneer 10/11 or even recent New Horizons ...
3
votes
3answers
150 views

What Makes Stars Hot?

Simple question, but can't seem to find the answer anywhere. It can't be nuclear fusion because nuclear fusion occurs as a result of the heat. And it can't be because of gravity because it's believed ...
0
votes
1answer
69 views

Three-torus model of the universe

I want to ask a question about the Three-torus model of the universe, as described in wikipedia: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Three-torus_model_of_the_universe "is a proposed model describing the ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

Cosmological redshift and comparing past galaxy sizes

If you were to divide the present-day universe into cubes with sides 10 million light-years long, each cube would contain, on average, about one galaxy similar in size to the Milky Way. Now suppose ...
1
vote
1answer
43 views

Do other stars have Oort clouds? [duplicate]

Stars have in the past passed within 1 light year from the Sun, and will do so in the future too. If they have Oort clouds, would there not be interactions between their Oort cloud objects and the ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Question regarding the Milky Way when calculating galactic space velocities for galaxies

I have been calculating galaxy space velocities (where proper motions are known) in order to measure their orbits of the Milky Way using the method proposed in the appendix of ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

How to form Copper from Calcium in a supernova explosion?

What are the reasonable chain of reactions to form copper (63, 29) from ca(40, 20) during supernova explosion? And how it will happen? I do not understand the theory behind it. I thought that the ...
0
votes
1answer
41 views

How do I see DSO's in my telescope? [duplicate]

I just bought a new telescope. I tried it out, and I even woke up at 3am when the moon set so there was light pollution. I have an 8 inch dobsonian telescope with a focal length of 1200 mm. For some ...
1
vote
2answers
104 views

How long would it take to reach the edge of the reachable universe?

How long would it take to reach the current edge of the reachable portion of the universe, with the following bounds in mind: We figure out a way build a space ship to provide a constant 1 G ...
2
votes
2answers
43 views

Triple stars with retrograde orbits

Where can I find the observed frequency of triple star systems where the outer star is in a retrograde orbit?
0
votes
2answers
123 views

How do I see more than just points in the sky?

I just bought a new telescope with these specifications: Aperture: 203 mm Focal Length: 1200 mm F/ratio: f/5.9 I usually use a 28 mm eyepiece, giving me about 42.5x magnification, but I also have ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Coordinates reduction python

How can I calculate position (alt, az) of star for observer at some station (longitude, latitude) on specific date and time? I need full coordinates reduction with all elements included in calculation ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Open source alternative for RegiStar (align, rotate, and combine images into single frame)

I'm looking for a free, open-source and Linux compatible alternative to the RegiStar software. I need it to automatically combine several images into a single frame, where each individual image shows ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

How to calculate a planet's apparent size when the planet is viewed from a moon in orbit around it?

Specifically in this case, how large would Jupiter be seen in the Io's sky in comparison to the moon in the Earth's sky? How to calculate this? Also, if somebody knows any online software which lets ...
0
votes
1answer
15 views

How do i get focussed images with my T-adaptor and 6mm eyepeice?

I have a Celestron 5se + canon 650d. They are mated with the celestron t-ring and the 93625 t-adaptor. I want to take magnified photos of planets with the camera. But if I add an eyepiece to the ...
1
vote
2answers
155 views

What is the fifth moon-like object I saw around jupiter through my telescope?

Tonight while observing Jupiter I was able to see a five (what looked like) moons. I have observed Jupiter often before and only been able to make out the four galilean moons. It's my understanding ...
2
votes
0answers
24 views

How do people derive ionized gas mass from optical emission lines in a galaxy spectrum?

Suppose you had an optical spectrum of a galaxy, and you unambiguously detected emission lines from cooling ionized gas -- both forbidden lines like [O II] 3727AA and [O III] 4959,5007AA, as well as ...
0
votes
2answers
67 views

What could be a star-like object that shines at daytime for few seconds? What's the probability to see it?

Some years ago I looked up to the blue sky, around 2 PM, and I saw, for 2 or 3 seconds, something like a star fading out. Could it be a Supernova or another phenomena? Is it highly possible?
1
vote
0answers
29 views

What are the conditions for an ionosphere to form?

What are the conditions for an ionosphere to form on a given planet? Factors I could think of are Class and age of the star the planet orbits Distance to said star Density and composition of the ...
1
vote
1answer
89 views

Mass of Star Collapse

Does a star, when collapsing into a neutron star, or even a black hole, pick up any significant relativistic mass due to its rapid collapse rate?
0
votes
1answer
53 views

In rocky planets,does fast rotation cause flatting or low flatting imply slow rotation?

As far as I know, Venus and Mercury have 0 flatting, but Mars and Earth have detectable flatting, and Venus and Mercury are both rotating slowly. I'm confused as to the relation between rotational ...
3
votes
1answer
123 views

Why is the Sun's brightness and radius increasing, but not its temperature?

On the Sun's article on Wikipedia, there is an image showing how the Sun's brightness, radius and temperature have changed over time: For the past (and next) few billion years, I see the luminosity ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

Estimating galactic dust extinction for medium band filters

I have a set of medium-band filters and I would like to compute $A_{\lambda}/E(B-V)$ for each filter which are not reported in the literatures. The magnitudes of the objects in the photometry ...
3
votes
1answer
139 views

Conceptual Doubt regarding the calculation of the Solar Constant

The Solar constant is the intensity of the solar radiation in the upper atmosphere. It's value is about $1400$ $Wm^{-2}$. Now we begin by stating that the Power radiated by the sun is about ...
1
vote
2answers
52 views

Radio telescope targeting

How do you target a radio telescope on the precise object you wish to observe? You can point it in the general direction but how do you get the information from the exact point in the sky that you are ...
0
votes
1answer
104 views

Why would astronomers want to eclipse the Sun?

I've heard that some astronomers are building an artifical solar-eclipse ship, that should help us to dim the diffraction of the Sun. Why don't we just wait till night? What is the function of the ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Why do linear velocity redshifts correspond to linear pixel shifts when the spectra are binned in constant log wavelength?

In Tonry & Davis (1979), they describe spectroscopic redshift measurement via correlating with templates at known redshift. In Section IIIa, they say "Because the spectra are binned linearly with ...
1
vote
2answers
128 views

How can apparent magnitude be negative?

What is the reason for that scale? Is it because otherwise defining an maximum would be too hard(?). Why do objects that are (apparently) brighter get assigned a smaller number (and down to negative)? ...
7
votes
3answers
536 views

What decides the direction in which the accretion disk spins?

Planets lie on the same plane because of the accretion disk formed during the Protostar stage, as I read in this question. I also read about the collision of particles in the gas cloud causing the ...

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