1
vote
2answers
73 views

Black hole darkness a result of gravity or temporal distortion?

Please correct me if I am wrong as I may have made some incorrect assumptions. Okay so we know that at some stage of "nearness to a black hole", light is no longer reflected back at us from the black ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Black holes and material interaction

I was wondering about what happens when a black hole forms. I mean, a black hole forms when a star collapses, so when an enormous mass of protons, electrons, neutrons etc collapses together. But when ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

How to understand orbit definitions

I've been reading about satellite observations (such as this one). The writer uses terms such as these to define the orbit: ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

What is the name of the cycle whereby the lunar azimuth and altitude recur on a given day?

Like the Metonic cycle, except for position in the sky, not phase. Original question: If I look up at the moon tonight, how long before it is in the same apparent position, and same phase, again? I ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

a math problem in Spherical astronomy [closed]

this is an exercise from Spherical astronomy by Smart, which i want to solve: $\frac{d \eta}{d H}= -\cos(\phi) \cos (A) (\sin (z))^{-1}$ when $\phi$ is latitude, $\eta$ is parallax, $H$ is sidereal ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Could the Sun's magnetosphere block extraterrestrial contact?

I was reading how certain strong magnetic fields can block or alter radio waves so bearing this in mind would it be possible for the Sun's magnetosphere to block attempts to establish radio contact ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

What are the requirements to become a planet? [duplicate]

A planet is taught to us (at primary school) as a ball of rock that orbits around the Sun and is similar to our own planet, Earth (in as a ball of rock). But of course, humans have to be more specific ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Virial coefficient when computing dynamical mass enclosed by a rotating galactic disk of gas

Suppose I have a large thin disk of rotating gas in a galaxy -- the disk has a maximum inclination-corrected $V_{max}$ and a maximum radial extent of $R_{max}$ corresponding to that $V_{max}$ ...
34
votes
1answer
6k views

How can there be 1,000 stellar ancestors before our Sun?

I've heard from a few sources recently that the Sun is a 1,000th generation star, meaning it had a thousand stars that came before it based on it's heavy element content. I understand that earlier ...
5
votes
1answer
95 views

Would a viewer see Earth from the rim of Shackleton Crater?

I've been researching this but so far have not found an answer. If you were standing on the top of the rim of Shackleton Crater at the lunar south pole, would you be able to see any of Earth? I can't ...
2
votes
2answers
100 views

Could this three moons system be stable?

In my fictional world I have selected all parameters to maximize the Hills Sphere of my planet. The planet has three times Earth's mass and it is located in 2 AU from its star that's 1.4 times more ...
1
vote
2answers
139 views

What would Earth be like without the Moon?

If somehow our moon was destroyed (for example by an asteroid) what would happen to Earth? Would the Earth be affected by the absence of the moon? Would humans be able to live normal lives without ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Where can I find the DR12 SDSS dataset in their website

I have to cross-match the SDSS DR12 dataset with that of GALEX but apparently I cannot find the fits document which has the same field as that in GALEX. I have explored the website but I couldn't find ...
7
votes
2answers
154 views

How many actual stars are Polaris?

I am getting conflicting accounts everywhere. I heard astronomers saying Polaris is a 3-star system. Some say they are binary but are optical-doubled with a 3rd. ...
7
votes
2answers
82 views

How was Earth's “quasi-satellite” 2016 HO3 “first spotted” and it's orbit determined?

Under a question I asked a few days ago Have there been any documented mini-moons since 2006 RH120? @Hobbes mentioned the recent news about 2016 HO3 - a near-Earth asteroid that stays near Earth ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

How can I convolve a template spectrum with a photometric filter response spectrum?

Suppose I have a template stellar population spectrum (say, from Bruzual & Charlot 2003) which runs from like 1000 Angstroms to 160,000 Angstroms and which has x-axis wavelength units of Angstroms ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Question on retrograde motion [duplicate]

I am a beginner Does planets exhibit retrograde motion (eg Mercury and Venus) only because of earth rotation? Or is there any other reason? Please clarify
3
votes
1answer
136 views

What starting circumstances have to be for “grand tack” hypothesis to work, and why they are lacking in other planet systems(as far as we know)?

I recently read a bit about "grand tack" hypothesis. It was extremely interesting and it seems to reasonably well explain many features of our solar system. At the same time it supposedly is ...
3
votes
2answers
86 views

How to find which part of the sky a photo contains?

I was taking some photo stacks yesterday, and I also took a plenty of random ones (pointed not at a specific object) too at 200mm. However, I've ended with a shot but I have no idea where I pointed ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

Could the word “multiple stars” include binary stars?

We are translating some illustrated book for kids about astronomy, and then have a question as in the title. Referring to Wikipedia etc., It appears that "binary stars" represents the star systems of ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views

Survival on a rogue planet [closed]

Are there any planets not orbiting a celestial body which can support life despite the temperature? Also what is the absolute minimum temperature that life can survive in?
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Negative Spectral Flux Density

I am working on a project and using some satellite images. In some of the images the Spectral Flux Density is negative. What does it indicate?
1
vote
2answers
58 views

Can a rogue planet neither orbit around a star nor a galaxy?

As we know, rogue planets don't orbit around a star, how about galaxy? Can a rouge planet not orbit around a galaxy?
0
votes
1answer
39 views

How do I apply a velocity shift to a wavelength array with uniform logarithmic spacing?

Suppose I have a wavelength array for a spectrum in units of Angstroms. Suppose further that the wavelength has "uniform logarithmic spacing" such that if I just take the difference in Angstroms ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

How do I reduce planetary photometry to standard viewing geometry using phase angle?

I'm trying to make light curves for Pluto using old data. Most papers give magnitudes "reduced to standard viewing geometry" of r = 39.5 AU, Δ = 38.5 AU, and α = 1 degree, where r is ...
4
votes
0answers
35 views

“Extinct Species” of meteorite - how quantitative is the statistical analysis?

This recent paper in Nature A new type of solar-system material recovered from Ordovician marine limestone is available to read on line, and Figure 3 is already widely publicized. Comparison of ...
1
vote
2answers
141 views

why was the probability of one in 10 billion per planet considered highly pessimistic by a recent study on aliens? [closed]

A recent article about the existence of extraterrestrial life claimed that "unless the probability for evolving a civilization on a habitable-zone planet is less than one in 10 billion trillion, then ...
3
votes
2answers
128 views

Techniques for locating origin of gravitational waves

The gravity wave detections (GW150914 and GW151226) have both been ambiguous in their exact position, the LIGO papers (GW150914 and GW151226) give no precise information about the location of the ...
2
votes
0answers
73 views

Which astronomical objects do we have images of, taken at ground level? [closed]

I am looking for images of astronomical objects taken at the ground level of the actual object, by something on the actual object, i.e. the Mars Rover. Is this the complete list and accurate?. ...
8
votes
2answers
170 views

Is it possible for a moon to continuously have a side facing its star whilst orbiting a planet?

For example; is there any possibility for the moon to always have a side facing the Sun whilst orbiting Earth? And if so then what would the day cycle be like?
0
votes
2answers
122 views

If the planets only attract, then how can they stay in their orbit?

Gravity is related to mass, and gravity is an attracting force on every body. Then what happens when bodies only attract each other..without repulsion they may strike the sun. I think there must be a ...
5
votes
2answers
152 views

Is Earth slowing down in order to stay on its orbital track?

The Sun is losing some of its mass during explosions. The Gravitational force between Sun and Earth will change (probably decrease). If Earth maintains its speed, it will change its orbit. Hence, ...
1
vote
2answers
42 views

Data Analysis: Image Sharpening through Posterisation

I had this image, a picture of Jupiter: I wanted to measure the pixel diameter of Jupiter. As evident, the image is quite blurry, and thus, many value of equally justified pixel diameters can be ...
0
votes
0answers
34 views

What (actually) is a radio “homology telescope” and will the 500m dish in China be one?

This question is about design aspects of large radio telescope dishes which allow them to flex under the influence of gravity as they change elevation angle, and still maintain good optical ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Have any co-orbital exoplanet pairs been discovered (and not subsequently retracted)?

For this question, I think a good working definition of co-orbital configuration would be two bodies orbiting around a third much larger body in a 1:1 resonance and where neither mass is negligible. ...
0
votes
1answer
34 views

How did single dish (or single receiver) radio telescopes originally generate images?

That actually sums up my question nicely: How did single dish (or single receiver) radio telescopes originally generate images? - or at least 2D intensity maps or contour plots. Early radio ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

What is the highest granularity focal-plane array on a dish radio telescope?

There is a short Wikipedia article Focal Plane Arrays that enumerates some projects, but my question is more along the lines of what is (at least) nearly complete or in "first light" phase, even if ...
1
vote
2answers
68 views

A quick (elementary) check on arsecond conversion to sky distance in parsecs

I just wanted to double check I had something correct. If an object, say a nebula, is measured to roughly have a diameter or extent of, say, 250 arcseconds, would its diameter in parsec simply ...
3
votes
2answers
96 views

Is time taken into account by astronomers when creating and using maps of the universe?

There's really two questions I'm asking. Firstly, when maps are produced of stars and galaxies, are they just produced as we see them now from our viewpoint? Or are they based on the motion of those ...
1
vote
0answers
46 views

What is the cut-off point of $\frac{dF}{dr}$ beyond which no tidal locking will occur?

I am a beginner, please pardon my non-use of proper astronomical terms. I would appreciate proper edits to my questions. I have learned that when the $\frac{dF}{dr}$ is a very big negative number, ...
0
votes
0answers
12 views

how the diameter of a galaxy is measured [duplicate]

we are simply measuring the wavelength.How the diameter of a galaxy is measured using this?Does some other methods are there to measure this diameter?
-5
votes
1answer
86 views

Can a gas giant be hollow?

Let's think of Saturn, because of its density. Can there be a place near the center of the planet where the gravity upwards is more than towards the center, and with an atmosphere that is more ...
0
votes
2answers
116 views

What is the speed of time?

From the theory of relativity, if any object is moving with the speed of light or more than the speed of light, then the time stops or seemed to be stopped for that object. That means, that the speed ...
3
votes
1answer
195 views

What is the Age Difference Between Earth & Jupiter?

What is the age difference between Jupiter & Earth. Which planet was formed first, or were they formed at the same time.
1
vote
0answers
37 views

Does Triton trigger the active atmosphere of Neptune?

As we know the atmosphere of Neptune looks more active than Uranus', is this due to the tidal forces caused by the retrograde orbit of Triton around the planet?
1
vote
1answer
33 views

How to show that the Jeans Criterion for Mass, Radius and Density are equivalent?

The gravitational collapse of a gas cloud can be described by the Jeans Criterion for mass, radius and density of the gas cloud, which is (c stands for cloud): $$M_J = (\frac{5kT}{G \mu m_H})^{3/2} (...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Luminosity L(t) for a homologously contracting star

I'm dealing with a homologously contracting star with Mass M, Radius R and a gravitational binding energy of $E = -a GM^2 / R $ (a is a constant). I was looking for a way to find an expression ...
3
votes
2answers
214 views

Is there a limit to how hot an object an get?

Temperature is a measure of the average kinetic energy of particles in a given place (correct me if I am wrong) so there must be a definite limit to heating like there is an absolute zero to cooling. ...
0
votes
0answers
43 views

Is our universe expanding? [duplicate]

Is our universe is expanding or contracting. And if it is doing so then what is the basic principle behind it. Is it related to the net energy of the universe or something else.
4
votes
1answer
156 views

Is our central black hole actually at the CG of the galaxy?

It seems fairly certain there is a large black hole, about 25,000 ly from Earth roughly in the center of our galaxy, in the direction of the Sag. A radio source. • In fact, is it thought to be ...

15 30 50 per page