-1
votes
2answers
128 views

Lack of contact with Aliens [closed]

Lack of contact could be due to one of three things ? Interstellar space travel is just not possible . There is no other Alien Life in the Galaxy . There exists Alien life and interstellar space ...
3
votes
4answers
442 views

What is the most oblate astronomical object known?

There are some very vast spinning objects out there. How high can the eccentricity get, or, which I think is easier to understand, how small can the ratio between the polar and equatorial diameter ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

Why is there a black stripe in the Hubble images of Pluto?

While reading reports about the New Horizons misson, I noticed an odd vertical, black stripe in the images of Pluto. Here is an example: Source: Hubble Discovers a Fifth Moon Orbiting Pluto ...
1
vote
3answers
64 views

The name of a particular low extinction region

There is a region called Baade's window. I remember there is a similar region called "somebody's window", which also has a low amount of dust. Does anyone know the name?
5
votes
1answer
157 views

Is there a star simulation software that can handle mass ejections and supernovae?

I use MESA right now to play around with stellar dynamics, but it can't do mass ejections and therefore, I can't think of a way to let the simulated stars explode as supernovae. What simulation ...
4
votes
4answers
354 views

What are the arguments against the Feng and Gallo thin disk explanation of galactic rotation curves?

The well-known galaxy rotation problem is described here. Basically (as one moves outward from the galactic centre, $R$ increasing) the observed pattern of variation in orbital speed $V$ is very ...
5
votes
2answers
113 views

Typical wavelength of solar flare

I read that solar flares are customarily viewed in H-alpha light, as a temporary brightening of a small portion of chromosphere. What all can be interpreted from this? Is it because, energy of the ...
2
votes
3answers
237 views

Visibility of earth from moon during day-time of moon

Inspired by this question. I am curious whether earth, besides being nearly fixed on one place on the moon's sky, is it visible during the day-time on moon too? My understanding is that earth should ...
1
vote
1answer
61 views

How to convert a gravitational force to speed and direction

I am doing some calculations, and I wanted to know that after using the gravity equation, $$F = G \frac{m_1m_2}{r^2}$$ if you can use $F$ and convert it into a speed, such as km/year, and also a ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Voyager spacecrafts

Will the Voyager space crafts actually reach another Star System in 63,000 years? If the answer is yes, what will be powering the crafts to keep them going for so long?
3
votes
1answer
35 views

Spectra of electromagnetic radiation emitted during solar flare

During solar flare, electromagnetic energy is released at a wide range of wavelengths but the most dominating are x-rays and extreme ultraviolet rays. Why is that intensity of these wavelengths is ...
2
votes
1answer
45 views

Exploiting symmetry in the axisymmetric Jeans equations

I'm solving the axisymmetric Jeans equations to determine the initial conditions for an exponential disk inside an NFW halo. The density profiles of the two components are \begin{equation} ...
0
votes
1answer
843 views

Distance between Earth and where The Big Bang's happened? [duplicate]

The universe is around 13.8 billion years old. We know how fast the light is. We also know how fast our galaxy moving around inside observable universe. Is it possible to calculating distance ...
6
votes
3answers
191 views

How should one rationally deal with the issue of space travelling alien civilizations?

What kind of reasoning is appropriate to understand the as of today unanswered question of whether there are (other) interstellar space travelling civilizations in the Milky Way? We have already sent ...
10
votes
3answers
653 views

how far away could we detect that earth has life?

My guess is that life bearing planets are too far apart to be detected. I think we can only find the ones within a sphere around our planet that is 100s of light years in diameter but I suspect life ...
6
votes
2answers
142 views

Could the Philae comet lander be recharged by laser?

Could the Philae comet lander be recharged with a laser (or possibly many lasers) from earth? My thought would be to aim one or more powerful lasers from earth at the Philae lander to recharge it ...
5
votes
2answers
96 views

Are our 'observations' of or near a black hole affected by gravity induced time dilation?

This answer made me wonder if matter/energy/events near a black hole are viewed (by us) in a very different time frame, how might that affect our measurements? ...
1
vote
1answer
39 views

Could discoid galaxies be expanding?

I understand that astronomers once thought that the material in the disc of a galaxy was moving around the galactic centre (where most of the mass was thought to be) in roughly circular orbits. The ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

How many stars can be seen naked eye from outside the atmosphere? Ho dense is the “sky” from there?

When I was 20, I went to Naxos (Greece) with friends. I was driving my car during the night on the mount Zeus (1003 meters - 3,291 ft) listening Pink Floyd. Up there we stopped the car to take a ...
5
votes
1answer
124 views

What it would look like to observe people with a different time flows?

As I learned, that the bigger gravity source you are influenced by the more slow time ticks for you, the farther away you are from a gravity source the faster times ticks. So Imagine two different ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How bright is the full Earth during the lunar midnight?

At lunar midnight (i.e. the new moon as seen from Earth), the Earth is in its full phase with its entire disk in sunlight, and it is the brightest object in the lunar sky. How bright is it, and how ...
2
votes
4answers
83 views

Can objects enter hydrostatic equillibrium through processes other than the influence of gravity?

Wouldn't a droplet of liquid (say water) floating around in space become spherical and "in hydrostatic equilibrium" due to surface tension but not gravity?
5
votes
1answer
121 views

Have we detected galaxies which have red-shifted beyond the visible light range?

According to this answer it is possible for galaxies' light to move beyond the visible frequencies due to redshift: ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Why can I see the whole moon during various non-full-moon phases?

Here's an image that describes the phenomenon I'm asking about. The very thin sliver to the left is of course the surface of the moon as lighted by the sun. But the rest of the moon is also faintly ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

Red shifting galaxies

I am an amateur astronomer please correct if any of my understandings are wrong. We all know that from the Hubble's ultra deep field image the most distant galaxies which were created shortly after ...
13
votes
1answer
426 views

How long do planetary rings last?

I'm surprised that this question hasn't been asked before (here or on Physics), to the best of my knowledge. It's one that I might have asked when I was a bit younger, and one that I think other ...
2
votes
2answers
372 views

Why does the distance between Sun and Earth stay the same?

Well, we all know Sun gravity , makes the Space time curvature and space pushes the earth towards the Sun. But my question is "why the distance between the Sun and Earth is Same? Earth should have ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

Where can I find historic rates of meteor impact events?

I have a friend that watches a lot of TV news and they have the impression that impact events are becoming more common than in recent memory. Does the evidence support or refute this? Thinking it ...
19
votes
2answers
1k views

Can you see man-made lights on the dark side of the Earth from the surface of the moon with the naked eye?

This question is prompted from a comment on this answer: Could a person on the surface of the moon see man-made lights on the dark side of the Earth with the naked eye? If not, how much magnification ...
1
vote
1answer
26 views

In the chromoscope, what is the X-ray source between Ophiuchus, Libra and Scorpius?

http://www.chromoscope.net/ is a nice toy. Pressing 'L' shows the constellations as guide. There's a bright X-ray source between Ophiuchus, Libra and Scorpius. In Hydrogen-Alpha there are two ...
40
votes
4answers
6k views

How does the Earth move in the sky as seen from the Moon?

I just want to be sure I am visualizing this correctly, because it seems odd. The Moon is tidally locked to the Earth but there are wobbles to its motion due to libration. So from a point on the ...
1
vote
3answers
134 views

Why isn't the moon dark in a solar eclipse?

In the following partial solar eclipse, the moon is "invisible" rather than being dark. By contrast, if someone stands between my view and the sun, they will appear as a dark figure instead of ...
6
votes
2answers
153 views

Likelihood of a stable system with a dwarf planet's orbit inside that of a gas giant

I keep thinking of various planetary system configurations, and would like to know: What are the fundamental references based on Monte Carlo long-term simulation of planetary systems' evolution that ...
1
vote
2answers
148 views

What are the nearest galaxies I can observe?

What are the nearest galaxies I can observe using my Telescope? Does it require to be out of the city lights?
1
vote
1answer
150 views

What is “Median Stellar Mass”?

Could someone explain what is "median stellar mass" and how is it calculated? I have seen it written as: $$\log(M)$$ or as: $$\log\left(\frac{M_*}{M_{\text{Sun}}}\right) $$ but I do not ...
6
votes
2answers
592 views

Why is carbon so rare on the Moon and on Mars?

Carbon is the fourth most common element in the universe and in the Solar system. It is about the ninth most common element in Earth's crust. It doesn't seem to be part of any of the ten most common ...
3
votes
2answers
271 views

Can the theory of multiuniverse explain dark matter?

If there are many universes they must have an gravity effect on each other. Since dark matter is measured through gravity but we dont know the mass behind it, isnt it possible that it comes from ...
5
votes
0answers
47 views

What is the cause of the variation from high and low mean obliquity periods of Mars?

It is reasonably well known that Mars has a greater obliquity range than Earth, due to Mars lacking a stabilising influence of a large moon. However, the Martian obliquity seems to have gone through ...
2
votes
1answer
67 views

Where can I learn these Astrophysical techniques? [Read below]

Whenever I read any Astro papers in http://arxiv.org/ they usually talk about Data fitting or modelling or sentences like 'we fitted the spectral region by analytic functions i.e. by multi-component ...
4
votes
1answer
468 views

What will New Horizons be able to say about a magnetic field at Pluto?

Does NASA's New Horizons flyby probe to Pluto have instruments to measure Pluto's (or Charon's) magnetic field, if any? I'm a bit confused by the Wikipedia article which says that New Horizons, ...
6
votes
1answer
165 views

What are the last images from the Galileo orbiter before impacting Jupiter?

NASA's Galileo orbiter at Jupiter ended its mission in 2003 by intentionally dive into the gas planet. Did it take and transmit any close up images before it ceased to function? If not, why? Are there ...
4
votes
1answer
31 views

How tall are the “fractured” linear structures on Europa's surface?

What are the altitude differences in the high resolution part of this image of Europa? How high do those ridges rise over their neighboring valleys? And how large is the area shown in this image? ...
2
votes
1answer
55 views

speed of light measurement

While searching for different methods of speed of light measurement, i came across one of the method of fizeau discussed below which i cannot fully understand. In short,in Fizeau’s apparatus, a beam ...
2
votes
1answer
130 views

How does this strategy for chasing the sunset work?

In Randall Munroe's What If? blog he tackles this question: What is the longest possible sunset you can experience while driving, assuming we are obeying the speed limit and driving on paved ...
1
vote
2answers
239 views

Why does the face of the moon 'sync' with the earth? [duplicate]

We never see the dark side of the moon. It rotates so that the same side always faces us. I heard two (dinner party) theories on this: 1. The moon was made by smashing out a chunk of the earth, and ...
3
votes
2answers
154 views

What range of exit pupils work for observing the full moon?

I'm observing the full moon, from a major city, with heavy light pollution and dust. The objective size is fixed, for this comparison, something between 4 and 6 inches. The question is about the ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

How is the maximum density in a circumstellar disk determined?

I'm working with some equations to model the evolution of a circumstellar disk. One of the equations is $$\rho(r)=Ce^{-\frac{(r-r_{peak})^2}{2 \sigma ^2}}$$ where $\rho$ is density, $r$ is the ...
2
votes
2answers
245 views

What is a low mass Black Hole?

Is a Low Mass Black Hole also called a Stellar Mass Black Hole? Can Low Mass BH be also called Primordial BH? (If low mass BH are Stellar Mass BH-What is their size in terms of the mass of the sun?)
2
votes
1answer
370 views

Effect of the absence of atmospheric refraction to sun rise and sunset times

What is the effect of absence of atmospheric refraction on sin rise and sunset time? Is it will be delayed or earlier for sunrise and sunset, and why? Thank you:)
1
vote
2answers
184 views

can we see all binary stars as pairs?

As it is obvious from the question title is there any restriction or cases that we can see the binary stars as not in pairs also is there any binary stars doesn't linked together by gravity ? I ...

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