0
votes
0answers
49 views

Send a rocket against orbit around the sun [migrated]

I presume it's a bit simplified, but ... What if we launch a rocket, the same speed but opposite direction of the orbit of our planet around the sun. Will that rocket fall into the sun?
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Distance and orbital period for terrestrial binary planets

This article, http://phys.org/news/2014-12-binary-terrestrial-planets.html, suggests binary planets could orbit each other at a distance of only three planet radii. For two earth-like planets, that is ...
1
vote
2answers
72 views

Black hole darkness a result of gravity or temporal distortion?

Please correct me if I am wrong as I may have made some incorrect assumptions. Okay so we know that at some stage of "nearness to a black hole", light is no longer reflected back at us from the black ...
7
votes
3answers
111 views

Precision of geocentric gravitational constant

I am looking for an answer as to why the geocentric gravitational constant, μ, defined as the product of the gravitational constant, G, and the mass of a body (earth in this case), M, can be ...
1
vote
2answers
42 views

Having some weird issues with my tracking (Advanced VX)

I need your help! I am having some weird tracking issues with my tripod (Advanced VX). When I setup and calibrated my scope yesterday I took this picture of NGC6888 (90s exposure): As you can see ...
8
votes
1answer
587 views

What is the Galactic Latitude and Galactic Longitude? How is different from the latitude and longitude we use on Earth?

It has to something with the positioning of sun and galactic center of the milky way but I wasn't able to understand how for a given star, its co-ordinates are calculated. Some explanation would be ...
34
votes
1answer
6k views

How can there be 1,000 stellar ancestors before our Sun?

I've heard from a few sources recently that the Sun is a 1,000th generation star, meaning it had a thousand stars that came before it based on it's heavy element content. I understand that earlier ...
0
votes
1answer
55 views

Black holes and material interaction

I was wondering about what happens when a black hole forms. I mean, a black hole forms when a star collapses, so when an enormous mass of protons, electrons, neutrons etc collapses together. But when ...
4
votes
6answers
2k views

Why are stars so far apart?

So, this is mere musing, but it seems that stars are quite extremely far apart. I tried to determine the mean distance between nearest neighbors for stars (in just our galaxy) but I'm not sure what it ...
1
vote
1answer
44 views

How to understand orbit definitions

I've been reading about satellite observations (such as this one). The writer uses terms such as these to define the orbit: ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

How far is the Earth/Sun above/below the galactic plane, and is it heading toward/away from it?

How far is the Earth/Sun above/below the galactic plane, and is it heading toward/away from it? We know the Sun is orbiting the galactic center every 225 million years. But how far are we from the ...
1
vote
1answer
121 views

A phonecall inside a blackhole

I was wondering what a phone call would be like entering or falling t=into a black hole. Due to the massive density of the black hole and time would feel slower, how would that appear to the person on ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

Unknown moving objects

Last night, I used my new Sony WX500 camera to get long exposure pictures of the sky from my backyard. I used the "Heavens Above" app to find out when satellite flares would happen and I even got a ...
3
votes
0answers
25 views

Protocol for establishing longitudinal meridians on other heavenly bodies

When we first observe a new heavenly body (it could be a new star, asteroid, etc.,or a minor planet in our own solar system), are there any procedures set in place for establishing a system of ...
1
vote
1answer
29 views

What is the name of the cycle whereby the lunar azimuth and altitude recur on a given day?

Like the Metonic cycle, except for position in the sky, not phase. Original question: If I look up at the moon tonight, how long before it is in the same apparent position, and same phase, again? I ...
1
vote
0answers
37 views

a math problem in Spherical astronomy [closed]

this is an exercise from Spherical astronomy by Smart, which i want to solve: $\frac{d \eta}{d H}= -\cos(\phi) \cos (A) (\sin (z))^{-1}$ when $\phi$ is latitude, $\eta$ is parallax, $H$ is sidereal ...
5
votes
2answers
15k views

How much magnification is needed to see planets of solar system?

I have a 3inch Newtonian reflector telescope with 300 mm focal length. I can use highest magnification of 75x using a 4mm eyepiece. But in 75x I can't see details of Jupiter what was expected. Instead ...
9
votes
6answers
1k views

Why don't we have 2 Summers and 2 Winters?

Due to Earth's elliptical orbit, its distance from Sun varies by almost 5 million Kilometers (147 million Kilometers at closest point & 152 million Kilometers at farthest point, i.e. almost 3% of ...
1
vote
2answers
68 views

A quick (elementary) check on arsecond conversion to sky distance in parsecs

I just wanted to double check I had something correct. If an object, say a nebula, is measured to roughly have a diameter or extent of, say, 250 arcseconds, would its diameter in parsec simply ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Is it possible to move a planet out of its orbit? At least a lighter planet?

As observed by many researches our sun will be exhausted in the distant future. So does anyone think that driving our planet (or any planet) closer to the sun for more light and heat is a solution for ...
0
votes
2answers
43 views

Warm and Hot dark matter density profiles

For cold dark matter, density profiles are well known and easy to find information about - eg. NFW, Burkert, Einasto, and others. But for some reason I couldn't find explicit expressions for the ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Could the Sun's magnetosphere block extraterrestrial contact?

I was reading how certain strong magnetic fields can block or alter radio waves so bearing this in mind would it be possible for the Sun's magnetosphere to block attempts to establish radio contact ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

What (actually) is a radio “homology telescope” and will the 500m dish in China be one?

This question is about design aspects of large radio telescope dishes which allow them to flex under the influence of gravity as they change elevation angle, and still maintain good optical ...
6
votes
2answers
749 views

How can the Sun burn without oxygen?

Allright I am a 17 year old student, that only just figured out that the universe is amazing! Thanks to Dr. Neil Degrasse Tyson I raised a lot of interest in the universe. Due to his latest show "...
2
votes
2answers
100 views

Could this three moons system be stable?

In my fictional world I have selected all parameters to maximize the Hills Sphere of my planet. The planet has three times Earth's mass and it is located in 2 AU from its star that's 1.4 times more ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

What are the requirements to become a planet? [duplicate]

A planet is taught to us (at primary school) as a ball of rock that orbits around the Sun and is similar to our own planet, Earth (in as a ball of rock). But of course, humans have to be more specific ...
35
votes
3answers
10k views

How many planets are there in this solar system?

So, in school (that's a long time age) they have been teaching us there are 9 planets in our solar system. Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto But every now and then I ...
20
votes
2answers
3k views

Why is our solar system “tipped” about 63° with respect to the plane of our galaxy?

Our own solar system is "tipped" by about 63 degrees with respect to the plane of the galaxy. Has it ever been researched or is there any scientific theory which could explain the reason why our solar ...
1
vote
2answers
133 views

What would Earth be like without the Moon?

If somehow our moon was destroyed (for example by an asteroid) what would happen to Earth? Would the Earth be affected by the absence of the moon? Would humans be able to live normal lives without ...
1
vote
1answer
41 views

How can I convolve a template spectrum with a photometric filter response spectrum?

Suppose I have a template stellar population spectrum (say, from Bruzual & Charlot 2003) which runs from like 1000 Angstroms to 160,000 Angstroms and which has x-axis wavelength units of Angstroms ...
8
votes
2answers
169 views

Is it possible for a moon to continuously have a side facing its star whilst orbiting a planet?

For example; is there any possibility for the moon to always have a side facing the Sun whilst orbiting Earth? And if so then what would the day cycle be like?
7
votes
2answers
81 views

How was Earth's “quasi-satellite” 2016 HO3 “first spotted” and it's orbit determined?

Under a question I asked a few days ago Have there been any documented mini-moons since 2006 RH120? @Hobbes mentioned the recent news about 2016 HO3 - a near-Earth asteroid that stays near Earth ...
3
votes
1answer
9k views

In 2016, the summer solstice will coincide with a full moon. How often does this happen?

I found that the solstices work on a 400 year cycle based on this. I can't find anything similar for the lunar cycle. Is there a formula I can use to calculate the date of the full moon?
4
votes
2answers
263 views

Are planets moving away from the sun?

I saw on the tv show Through the Wormhole (hosted by Morgan Freeman) that the planets in our solar system have been continuously moving away from the sun for millions of years. however, when I try to ...
7
votes
2answers
152 views

How many actual stars are Polaris?

I am getting conflicting accounts everywhere. I heard astronomers saying Polaris is a 3-star system. Some say they are binary but are optical-doubled with a 3rd. ...
3
votes
2answers
96 views

Is time taken into account by astronomers when creating and using maps of the universe?

There's really two questions I'm asking. Firstly, when maps are produced of stars and galaxies, are they just produced as we see them now from our viewpoint? Or are they based on the motion of those ...
0
votes
0answers
14 views

Where can I find the DR12 SDSS dataset in their website

I have to cross-match the SDSS DR12 dataset with that of GALEX but apparently I cannot find the fits document which has the same field as that in GALEX. I have explored the website but I couldn't find ...
2
votes
2answers
56 views

Any cheap (<100 euro) tools for observing the lines in solar spectrum?

I am now reading the book ''The story of Helium and the Birth of Astrophysics''. I really want to observe the lines (dark or bright) in the solar spectrum. Any easily available tools for an amateur?
3
votes
2answers
86 views

How to find which part of the sky a photo contains?

I was taking some photo stacks yesterday, and I also took a plenty of random ones (pointed not at a specific object) too at 200mm. However, I've ended with a shot but I have no idea where I pointed ...
1
vote
2answers
141 views

why was the probability of one in 10 billion per planet considered highly pessimistic by a recent study on aliens? [closed]

A recent article about the existence of extraterrestrial life claimed that "unless the probability for evolving a civilization on a habitable-zone planet is less than one in 10 billion trillion, then ...
3
votes
1answer
136 views

What starting circumstances have to be for “grand tack” hypothesis to work, and why they are lacking in other planet systems(as far as we know)?

I recently read a bit about "grand tack" hypothesis. It was extremely interesting and it seems to reasonably well explain many features of our solar system. At the same time it supposedly is ...
30
votes
1answer
1k views

Why has Venus's atmosphere not been stripped away by solar wind?

This answer on Space Exploration to a question about Mars says that one reason Mars has such a thin atmosphere is because it lacks a magnetic field to protect it from the effect of double solar winds. ...
0
votes
0answers
31 views

Question on retrograde motion [duplicate]

I am a beginner Does planets exhibit retrograde motion (eg Mercury and Venus) only because of earth rotation? Or is there any other reason? Please clarify
0
votes
2answers
121 views

If the planets only attract, then how can they stay in their orbit?

Gravity is related to mass, and gravity is an attracting force on every body. Then what happens when bodies only attract each other..without repulsion they may strike the sun. I think there must be a ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

Could the word “multiple stars” include binary stars?

We are translating some illustrated book for kids about astronomy, and then have a question as in the title. Referring to Wikipedia etc., It appears that "binary stars" represents the star systems of ...
0
votes
2answers
50 views

Survival on a rogue planet [closed]

Are there any planets not orbiting a celestial body which can support life despite the temperature? Also what is the absolute minimum temperature that life can survive in?
0
votes
1answer
37 views

How do I apply a velocity shift to a wavelength array with uniform logarithmic spacing?

Suppose I have a wavelength array for a spectrum in units of Angstroms. Suppose further that the wavelength has "uniform logarithmic spacing" such that if I just take the difference in Angstroms ...
0
votes
0answers
26 views

Negative Spectral Flux Density

I am working on a project and using some satellite images. In some of the images the Spectral Flux Density is negative. What does it indicate?
1
vote
2answers
58 views

Can a rogue planet neither orbit around a star nor a galaxy?

As we know, rogue planets don't orbit around a star, how about galaxy? Can a rouge planet not orbit around a galaxy?
4
votes
0answers
35 views

“Extinct Species” of meteorite - how quantitative is the statistical analysis?

This recent paper in Nature A new type of solar-system material recovered from Ordovician marine limestone is available to read on line, and Figure 3 is already widely publicized. Comparison of ...

15 30 50 per page