1
vote
1answer
175 views

Can the Universe be spatially closed and expand forever?

In the lambda-CDM model, the Universe is spatially flat, and will expand forever. Is possible that a spatially closed Universe expands forever?
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Equations for coordinates of solar system objects

I would like to write a program that visualizes the solar system. To do this, I would need equations for calculating the coordinates of each solar system object at a given time. Where could I obtain ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Are there any works discussing planetary bodies being forms of life?

I'm searching for works or individuals that consider and discuss the idea of planetary bodies being considered stand alone living creatures, rather than objects either capable or incapable of ...
0
votes
0answers
22 views

How much do the mascons on the moon affect surface gravity?

The gravity anomalies on the moon (generally accepted to be caused by mascons) are powerful enough to affect the orbit of satellites. I'm trying to determine how much effect they would have on a ...
0
votes
0answers
49 views

Source of high energy cosmic particles

Earth receives shower of both solar and cosmic radiations every seconds. The Sun put up a heliosphere around the solar system and thus foreign high energy charged particles could not penetrate easily. ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Can you assume atmosphere height for the purpose of surface pressure calculation?

Given that by definition of scale height an atmosphere thins by a factor of 1/e^x where x is elevation in terms of scale height multiples (See the table here: Definition of Scale Height), can we ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

If the 24 microarcsec parallax precision of the Gaia spacecraft is a 1-sigma value, what is the smallest parallax…?

If the 24 microarcsec parallax precision of the Gaia spacecraft is a 1-sigma value, what is the smallest parallax that could be measured to a 3-sigma confidence? What distance, in kiloparsecs, does ...
1
vote
0answers
40 views

Is there any astronomical phenomena that could emit strong radio waves with multiples of a discrete frequency?

In the New Scientist article Is this ET? Mystery of strange radio bursts from space, it is reported that several times since 2001, astronomers have detected fast radio bursts that seem to have a ...
1
vote
2answers
166 views

Is it certain that dark matter consists of particles? (And not just curved space)

The main idea about dark matter today seems to be supersymmetry. That there exists a set of yet undiscovered fundamental particles which (in a mathematically most convenient way) mirror the particles ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Is it true that chaotic inflation is the most popular inflationary model nowadays?

Old inflation was ruled out, and I think that Linde's New inflation has its problems. There's an astonishing number of inflationary models out there (more than 100?) and they're all too technical for ...
0
votes
1answer
80 views

Collision of asteroid and gaseous planet - what would happen

What happens when asteroids (or other small bodies) "collide" with a gas planet? In my head it would either go through it or just stay "inside" it due to the strong gravity. I tend to believe in the ...
0
votes
1answer
29 views

Orbital Elements Mars near June 2014

do you know any website in which I could obtain orbital elements of planets at some date? For instance, I'm now needing the orbital elements of Mars around June, 2014. Thanks!
0
votes
0answers
17 views

Why is MRI important in disc formation?

I understand the principle of the magneto-rotational instability, but why is it so important for disc formation? Does it cause large scale turbulence that helps the evacuation of angular momentum? If ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

SDSS: Inclination of a Field?

I am working with the Sloan Digital Sky Survey CasJob service. I am trying to determine the ellipticity of a galaxy using the stokes parameters $U$ and $Q$ from which I can deduce $e$ and $\phi$. But ...
-1
votes
1answer
55 views

Is there a publicly available Gliese Star List

Is there a publicly available list of the Gliese catalogue of nearby stars with their constellations? or a Gliese to Hipparcos List ?
7
votes
2answers
301 views

Open problems in astronomy that an amateur (with a PhD in some other field) would have a chance of solving?

What are some open problems in astronomy that an amateur would have a chance of solving? Suppose the amateur has a PhD in some other field, owns a basic telescope, a set of filters, diffraction ...
1
vote
1answer
177 views

Why aren't brown dwarfs the dark matter?

There seems to be not enough matter to account for the fact that the speed of some stars located far from the Galaxy center is almost the same speed as those stars found nearer to the center of the ...
1
vote
1answer
93 views

How do we know the universe's expansion is speeding up?

Please forgive my ignorance, I am not an astronomer, just an interested layman. The further away a galaxy is from us, the faster it is moving away from us. But the galaxies we see exist in the ...
3
votes
3answers
102 views

what is the current explanation for the formation of cosmic voids?

Why aren't galaxies distributed evenly in space, but instead form those sponge-like structures, with huge voids between filaments?
1
vote
2answers
367 views

What happens when star spins too fast?

Some stars such as a neutron star can spin very fast around 600 times a second, wouldn't the star be ripped apart? Although the gravitational pull is very strong but gravity is the weakest of all ...
3
votes
2answers
132 views

Does the mass of the observable universe ever change?

First do we have anyway to even estimate the mass of the entire observable universe? And then is there any data that shows mass being gained or lost? Would we ever know if someone was playing with ...
1
vote
2answers
563 views

Life planets orbiting black-holes. Can/Do they really exist?

So, I watched Interstellar and if you watched it too you know that there's a planet orbiting a black-hole, they call it Miller's Planet. According to the movie, every hour on Miller's Planet is ...
5
votes
1answer
66 views

Why is the Boomerang Nebula colder than the CMB?

An earlier answer on temperature mentioned that the temp of the CMB is 2.4K and the temp of the Boomerang nebula as 1K. How did the nebula cool faster than the CMB?
2
votes
1answer
47 views

Can we observe what objects exist at the L3 positiion of planets of our solar system?

From what I understand Earth's L3 is obscured by the Sun, so is that true for our viewpoint of the other planets? Or, are there times when other planets are on the other side of the Sun from Earth and ...
1
vote
1answer
38 views

Binary stars system ultimate fate

I read an article mentioning that when two stars orbiting each other they'll produce gravitational waves that can carry away energy into space. These phenomenon increases the speed of the two orbiting ...
2
votes
1answer
75 views

What could be the utmost lowest temperature in the universe/multiverse?

What could be the utmost lowest temperature in the universe/multiverse?
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Can ground based telescopes use a starshade in space?

1) Could a starshade in orbit be used by ground based telescopes? If so, what kind of orbit should it have? 2) Could the same starshade be used by two different space telescopes, or does the ...
1
vote
1answer
46 views

death of a red dwarf star / minimum mass needed for a white dwarf?

OK, first, I know there's a variety of sizes and types of red dwarf stars and the universe is too young for any of them to have reached the end of their main sequence phase yet, so it's all ...
1
vote
0answers
16 views

infrared telescopes, magnitude and observations

Currently 22-23mag could be the limit to make a spectrum for ground based 10m class telescopes, 21-22may may be easy for them. 4m class telescopes could handle 20mag? I am not sure. 2m could be ...
0
votes
0answers
29 views

how to tell an optical spectrum is featureless or just with a low S/N?

A featureless spectrum and a spectrum low S/N are very similar. Is there a way to tell them?
1
vote
1answer
105 views

what is a Friedmann model?

Can you explain what is a Friedmann model to a layman? And also give some examples of Friedmann models, specially I would like to know if the lambda-CDM model is considered a Friedmann model.
0
votes
2answers
53 views

Is the Oort Cloud actually opaque, or is the “cloud” used euphemistically because minor planets inside of it are too dim to be seen?

I did read several of the Oort Cloud questions/answers which I found very helpful and instructive, but this question still persists for me: Is the Oort Cloud actually opaque, or is the "cloud" used ...
5
votes
7answers
207 views

Is there any practical use for astronomy?

Although astronomy is very cool and the things we are learning are awesome, is there really any practical use to knowing the things we know about the universe? Do other fields of science draw from ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

How can I calculate how the debris of an object ripped apart at the Roche limit will spread out?

Let's say I have a moon orbiting a planet at a distance $d$. Eventually, $d \leq d_R$, where $d_R$ is the Roche limit of the moon-planet system. I can figure out the mass of both bodies by experiment, ...
2
votes
2answers
127 views

Leaving the Milky Way

If we had a hypothetical spacecraft, would it be possible to exit our galaxy, wait for some time and enter back into another section? Will this method be more efficient that a more traditional flight ...
1
vote
2answers
123 views

Why are distant objects observed in the near infrared?

I was reading an article that explains why JWST is a successor to Hubble and not a replacement for Hubble. They explained that Hubble's science pushed astronomers to look at longer wavelength. And ...
2
votes
2answers
77 views

Galactic extinction as a function of distance

I am looking at several galactic sources in the $I$, $R$ and $V$ bands and I want to calculate their absolute magnitudes. I can get the apparent magnitude and I know the distance so I just need to ...
0
votes
2answers
94 views

What is the minimum size of a ball of gas to become a star?

I know there are two criteria to meet in order for nuclear fusion to occurs. High temperature (many times temperature at Sun's core) High pressure (protons are very close to each other) [Goal] ...
0
votes
1answer
35 views

Is it possible to use the stars to determine the passage of time?

I'm writing a science fiction short story which involves a group of people being in suspended animation for a very long period of time, on the order of thousands of years. My question is, would an ...
0
votes
1answer
22 views

Around what apparent magnitude can the naked eye observe an object during full moon

For a very rough guideline using healthy/corrected eyes adjusted to the dark, around how bright should an object be to expect it to be visible?
0
votes
1answer
50 views

What is the largest object on which the Yarkovsky effect has been observed?

The Yarkovsky effect is responsible for changes in the rotation and orbit of some celestial bodies, most notably asteroids. It has been measured on asteroids, such as 6489 Golevka and 1999 RQ36. What ...
1
vote
1answer
19 views

Do astronomers, in principle, have more information about older phenomena than younger?

The further away we see, the older states of the world we observe. And the volume of the part of space which is observable, increases by the square of the distance to it. So there should basically be ...
6
votes
5answers
2k views

Is it possible that some stars are already black holes yet we see light emitted from before becoming a black hole?

For stars we see that are burning fuel at a fast rate, that are very bright, (or any star for that matter sufficiently far away from us) could it be that they are already black holes (the sufficiently ...
0
votes
0answers
17 views

are all the planet in the same plane? [duplicate]

are all the planet in solar system the same plane in the space or not ? if yes is there any especial reason ? and if no how do they orbits then ? as far as i know they are in the same plane , but is ...
0
votes
3answers
96 views

BIG CRUNCH Theory

Someday before i read about a article which explained about a phenomenon called BIG CRUNCH, according to it the way Big Bang happened because of which the remains moved away from one another forming ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Variables in the Instability Strip

I was thinking about the possibility of determining what phase of evolution a variable star is in when it is located in the instability strip (say, a Cepheid object). Can you differentiate whether it ...
0
votes
2answers
79 views

Where is Mars in the night sky

I live around Houston, Texas and I'm taking advantage of Earth hour to look at the stars. I've found two objects that I think might be Mars. Both of them are in roughly the same plane as Venus and ...
1
vote
1answer
139 views

Proof that Parallel Universes exist

Today I heard on the radio that the Super Collider has discovered mini black holes. They said that this discovery is proof of the existence of Parallel Universes and that the "Big Bang" never ...
3
votes
2answers
146 views

How do you calculate the lookback time distance to a given galaxy?

By lookback time distance I mean the same as Light travel distance. Can you calculate it by just knowing its redshift?
1
vote
2answers
113 views

Is a star powered by fission possible?

Stars can easily fuse atoms to give of heat and radiation. But at Wikipedia it said that only sub-iron atoms give of energy when fused and take energy when split, and post-iron atoms is the exact ...

15 30 50 per page