# All Questions

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### How do i get focussed images with my T-adaptor and 6mm eyepeice?

I have a Celestron 5se + canon 650d. They are mated with the celestron t-ring and the 93625 t-adaptor. I want to take magnified photos of planets with the camera. But if I add an eyepiece to the t-...
169 views

### What is the fifth moon-like object I saw around jupiter through my telescope?

Tonight while observing Jupiter I was able to see a five (what looked like) moons. I have observed Jupiter often before and only been able to make out the four galilean moons. It's my understanding ...
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### How do people derive ionized gas mass from optical emission lines in a galaxy spectrum?

Suppose you had an optical spectrum of a galaxy, and you unambiguously detected emission lines from cooling ionized gas -- both forbidden lines like [O II] 3727AA and [O III] 4959,5007AA, as well as ...
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### What could be a star-like object that shines at daytime for few seconds? What's the probability to see it?

Some years ago I looked up to the blue sky, around 2 PM, and I saw, for 2 or 3 seconds, something like a star fading out. Could it be a Supernova or another phenomena? Is it highly possible?
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### What are the conditions for an ionosphere to form?

What are the conditions for an ionosphere to form on a given planet? Factors I could think of are Class and age of the star the planet orbits Distance to said star Density and composition of the ...
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### Mass of Star Collapse

Does a star, when collapsing into a neutron star, or even a black hole, pick up any significant relativistic mass due to its rapid collapse rate?
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### In rocky planets,does fast rotation cause flatting or low flatting imply slow rotation?

As far as I know, Venus and Mercury have 0 flatting, but Mars and Earth have detectable flatting, and Venus and Mercury are both rotating slowly. I'm confused as to the relation between rotational ...
132 views

### Why is the Sun's brightness and radius increasing, but not its temperature?

On the Sun's article on Wikipedia, there is an image showing how the Sun's brightness, radius and temperature have changed over time: For the past (and next) few billion years, I see the luminosity ...
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### Estimating galactic dust extinction for medium band filters

I have a set of medium-band filters and I would like to compute $A_{\lambda}/E(B-V)$ for each filter which are not reported in the literatures. The magnitudes of the objects in the photometry ...
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### How accurately can you tell the time using a photo of the stars?

If I were to go out on a clear night, in an area with low light pollution, and take a photo of the stars, could an expert analyze the photo and figure out what date the photo is from? We can assume a ...
56 views

### Need Simple equation for Rise, Transit, and Set time

I've been looking, unsuccessfully, for hours for a simple set of equations: Input: RA and Dec of an object Observers Lat and Lng Current Time Output: Rise Time Transit Time Set Time (and, ...
43 views

### How high does light pollution reach into the sky?

I want to know how high does light pollution typically reach into the sky STRAIGHT UP? Has anyone ever researched this because I wonder if being at 10000ft elevation would reduce the amount of light ...
34 views

### Question on Equatorial and Galactic coordinate systems

I'm currently working with proper motions and have needed to convert my galactic longitude and latitude into right ascension and declination (ie from galactic to equatorial coordinates). This is fine ...
46 views

### Why do most meteors vanish just before hitting the ground?

Many times we see in the sky that most of the meteor shower trails vanish when they are about to strike the earth several feet above the ground. Why does this happen? They could strike the earth's ...
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### Retrograde motion of planets: reason and time?

I am a beginner. I'd like to understand how planets (except Sun and Moon) exhibit retrograde motion. When does the retrograde motion start for a planet (eg Mars) and how long (time limit) planets ...
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### Is Io's orbit or rotation affected by its volcanism?

The rotations of comets and asteroids are affected by outgassing volatilities. Io is very volcanicly active. Does it give Io a varying orbit and a slow rotation? Tidal forces should take longer than ...
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### Can the expansion of spacetime be directly measured with laser interferometry (like GW can)

LIGO has a mind boggling sensitivity. What would it take to directly measure the expansion of spacetime, along the laser beam? I suppose it could be done at interplanetary scale.
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### The relation between the light of full moon and the distance between the sun and the earth

If we want the full moon to be 2 times more bright,how we should change the distance between the sun and the earth? Thanks for your help.
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### What makes the Moon and Venus shine?

Is there some substance on Venus or some kind of material, because neither bodies have any source of light.
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### VLT interferometry vs E-ELT?

If the VLT (very large telescope) can use interferomerty to act as a 200 meter mirror, then why are they trying to build the 39 meter E-ELT? What advantage does the E-ELT have, if the VLT can act as a ...
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### What would be the apparent magnitude of Betelgeuse if it were as close to Earth as Sirius?

How large and bright would Betelgeuse appear if it were as close to Earth as Sirius, before and after it goes supernova?
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### If a white dwarf collides with a giant star, could it create a TZO?

Thorne–Żytkow objects (TZOs) form from collisions between neutron stars and main sequence or giant stars. Ultimately, the neutron star becomes the "core" of the giant star. However, could this also ...
108 views

### Term for altitude of the sun?

The sun travels in an arc across the sky. Where I live, during the summer the arc rises higher, but in the winter the arc is lower. Once might speak of highest altitude or elevation the sun reaches ...
116 views

### Far side of the moon question

Do all / most / any other moons orbiting a planet synchronize their rotation so as to become tidally locked with it, or is the earth a special case?
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### How is it possible that the CMB approaches the earth from all directions?

I presume that the photons from the CMB approach the earth from all directions, otherwise we couldn't detect them with a picture where it is present everywhere in the universe with a tiny anisotropy. ...
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### Would a Einstein–Rosen bridge change size and/or position in an expanding Universe?

I appreciate that a Einstein–Rosen bridge has never been observed but since there are some valid theories in General Relativity I thought I'd ask this. Would the start and end point of a Einstein–...
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### How common are Stars that have no orbiting planets? [duplicate]

How common are Stars that have no orbiting planets compared to Stars that do?
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### Is the earth bombarded equally in all directions by neutrinos?

Perhaps it is hard to known for sure because neutrinos are very difficult to detect, although they do go through the earth in very large numbers. But are they passing through the earth equally from ...
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### Explanation for the first spinning neutron star detected in the Andromeda galaxy?

A new class of Neutron stars has been found in the Andromeda galaxy (M31), This is the first time a Spinning Neutron star has ever been detected by astronomers in M31. The article states- “pulsars” ...
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### If Venus had moon before and it fell back to Venus, why don't I see a unique, very big crater?

Does lack of a very big crater support the idea that Venus never had big moons before? If not, why can't I find a very big crater from the moon impact?
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### If “9 th planet” is ejected by Jupiter or Saturn, why does it have a very far perihelion?

If the "9 th planet" is ejected by Jupiter or Saturn, I think the perihelion should be near Jupiter and Saturn, but now the predicted orbit is very far away from Netpune, why would that happen?
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### How do we know that there is no border at the end of “infinite” space? [duplicate]

It has been suggested that space and beyond is infinite, but admittedly the same hypothesis was made by virtue of the fact that it is physically impossible to prove otherwise. How do we know that ...
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### Can dark matter be found in the shape of planets, galaxies etc.?

If dark matter has gravity just like normal matter, does that mean it can also form planets, solar systems and so on? Any answer will be appreciated.
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### Create heatmap from significance

I am working on my project in astrophysics and I would like to create my heatmap from the significance which is obtained by the gaussian fitting my histogram. I get this map : First picture : ...
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### Can you see the stars when it is trickling?

I am writing a book with the following scene in one chapter: It is trickling and my protagonists are outside looking into the night sky, looking to the stars. Reviewing the scene I am wondering: Is ...
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### Which class of objects in Solar System carries more mass?

Could you help me sorting this list in terms of total mass carried by these classes of objects? The star (Sun) - it's very big but only one. The planets (incl. dwarf planets). Certainly beaten by ...
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### Two body orbit of equal masses

Given two bodies of equal mass in an elliptical orbit: I know they will be orbiting about a common center of mass, i.e. the barycenter. But, do the velocities have to be equal in magnitude and ...
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### What was the flash I saw in the night sky?

On Saturday night (April 2nd) in Sydney, Australia, somewhere between 8:30 PM and 9:00 PM my partner and I saw three flashes in the sky. We were looking at Jupiter through a pair of 7x50 binoculars ...
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### Magnetic field in blazars

How such high magnetic fields are generated in Blazars? What is the orientation of magnetic field in accretion disc and jets? How magnetic field effects variability? How magnetic field causes shock ...