# All Questions

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### What are the cloud-like blobs in the Martian southern hemisphere?

In a very recent edition of New Scientist, an article Mystery cloud-like blobs over Mars baffle astronomers (16 Feb, 2015), detailed that on 12 March 2012, amateur astronomers around the world ...
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### Nebula and galaxies using 70mm scope

Telescope: Orion 09843 SpaceProbe 3,3 inch aperture(76mm), 700mm focal length, eyepieces - 25mm and 10mm focal lengths. Please tell me whether it is possible to see nebula and galaxies.
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### Does the Sun turn around a big star?

The moon turns around the Earth. The Earth turns around the Sun. Does the Sun turn around a big star? If so, does this big star turn around a very big star? ... etc ... What are all the intermediate ...
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### Internal heat and differentiation

I was reading an article on planetary differentiation, and apparently internal heat producction plays a mojor role. There are several sources of such heat described, such as tidal heat, radiogenic ...
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### Exoplanet Temperature Calculations

I was given an exoplanet similar in size and distance to host star to our own earth. It's orbiting a star with luminosity six times our sun, the greenhouse coefficient 0.3, bond albedo 0.3. I need to ...
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### How can we tell that a short-period binary is tidally locked?

Observationally, how can this be established? What is known theoretically about the process? Are there any reference papers to read?
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### How do I soundproof a Meade ETX-90 telescope?

I'd like to start using my Meade ETX-90 this summer in my backyard, but I'm worried that my neighbors will start complaining due to high noise this telescope makes when operating. How do I soundproof ...
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### begining research in astronomy/astrophysics - how to go about [migrated]

I am a (beginner) researcher in the area of Turbulence, Applied Mathematics and Hydrology. I really want (for personal reasons) to start doing some research in the field of Astrophysics/Astronomy but ...
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### When will a day on Earth & Mars be the same length?

I read on Wikipedia that: As on Earth, the period of rotation of Mars (the length of its day) is slowing down. However, this effect is three orders of magnitude smaller than on Earth because the ...
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### What are the positions of the Earth, Moon, and Sun at a time when there is the least difference between high and low tides?

Does this happen when there is a full moon?
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### Is there any man-made satellite orbiting our moon?

I am just wondering whether any man-made satellites are currently orbiting our Moon. If there is one, would I be able to see it using my telescope?
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### Radius and velocity of Earth's orbit around the Sun [on hold]

How do you find the radius and velocity of Earth's orbit around the Sun?
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### When we see the Sun, do we actually see its past?

The Sun's rays hit our eyes around 8 minutes after they are emitted from the Sun. Does this mean that the Sun that we see is always the Sun as it was some 8 minutes before? I strongly think this must ...
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### Is gravitational energy released when a body contracts?

Kelvin stated that gravitational energy released due to contraction was responsible for the energy radiated in the stars. Although the theory was wrong, was the assumption practically right? If it's ...
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### Temperature of the Sun's rays

What is the temperature of the light that leaves the Sun towards the Earth and does it cool down during it's journey here ? If it doesn't cool down then how come it isn't frying the Earth ? Is it our ...
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### overlapping observable universes [on hold]

From Wikipedia: The observable universe consists of the galaxies and other matter that can, in principle, be observed from Earth at the present time because light and other signals from these ...
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### Does the Multiverse mean that all the universes are related somehow? How would that work? [on hold]

The Multiverse means that there is a multitude of universes. But does it also mean that if you do something in this universe, the same thing will happen in another universe just in a slightly ...
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### How are black and white holes formed? [duplicate]

Are they rips in the space-time continuum or what?
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### Is the SOI a spherical region or a oblate-spheroid-shaped region?

The Wikipedia article on Sphere of influence states that: "A sphere of influence (SOI) in astrodynamics and astronomy is the oblate-spheroid-shaped region around a celestial body where the ...
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### Enhanced Star-Gazing with Special Glasses

I watched a video yesterday on how telescopes not only magnify images but also increase the amount of light entering into your eye, allowing you to see things not normally visible with naked eye. ...
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### What's the relationship between Moon phase and the Milky Way visibility?

I've been using an IOS app to predict visibility of the Milky Way. I'm planning a trip to capture the Milky Way on 9th March 2015, but the app shows the visibility will be very weak on that date. ...
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### Fourier Transform of Galaxy Images

I'm working on detecting optically overlapping galaxies for future astronomical surveys. I'm looking into feature extraction for HST images and have been computing the fourier transform of images in ...
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### Is Blue Shift just as provable as Red Shift?

I've heard a lot about red shift and it sounds pretty legit. But it made it sound as if blue shift was a lot less likely. Can anyone help me out?
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### Relationship between temperature of nebula and size of star

I was wondering, in the process of star formation, does the temperature of the nebula that produces a star play a role in the size of that star? I mean, it's only logical that the size would depend on ...
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### Is it a satellite [closed]

I'm relatively new to amateur observing, and I recently got to use my Celestron mid-level computerized scope (Nexstar 127slt) in a rural area. On two of the nights it was pointing at different places ...
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### How bright was Scholz when is passed near the Sun 70,000 years ago?

I just read that a star called Scholz passed only 0.8 years-light away from us 70,000 years ago. It is a red dwarf. I don´t know how bright it was in the night sky. Does someone know how bright it ...
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### Why would a star’s position in the sky change relative to another star right next to it? [closed]

I'm curious about stars and I am wondering why a star would change its position in the sky due to another star right next to it?
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### Why are a few things in our universe named after chocolate? [closed]

Like the title says, why are a few things in our universe named after chocolate? For example, there are the Milky Way, galaxy and Mars. Is there a reason for this or not? Or is it that the ...
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### Could a magnetars magnetic field have saved Mars atmosphere?

Just wondering: if a magnetar was close enough to Mars would it have saved its atmosphere by protecting it from solar radiation? I was wondering this because Earth protects us via a magnetic field; ...
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### How dense would planet earth have to be to have the same gravity as Jupiter?

I was reading this question about how small could a planet be while having earth-like gravitational pull. This got me thinking, how dense would planet Earth have ...
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### Can Magnetars destroy planets?

Magnetars are the most magnetic things in our universe. Because of how powerful their magnetic fields are, they could split every single atom apart from each other in our body. Because of this could ...
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### What happens to a white dwarf past the Chandrasekhar limit?

This is a multiple choice question I had trouble with on an exam. Will a white dwarf that has had too much mass piled on top of it a) undergo a thermonuclear flash and explode in a type IA supernova ...
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### Telescope size to detect Ceres (Newtonian)

What is the minimum size telescope required to enable clear visual detection of Ceres?
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### How to view Jupiter with 4.5" Newtonian Reflector

I have a 4.5" Newtonian Reflector and I took a look at Jupiter the other night. I was able to get a reasonably sharp view of it and see a number of it's moons, but I was unable to see any surface ...
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### Shouldn't all moon orbits be inherently unstable?

A hypothetical simulation starts with a planet called Earth in a perfectly circular orbit around a star called Sol. There is also a moon called Luna in a perfectly circular orbit around Earth. ...
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### Could a close passing star be captured by the Sun's gravity?

Earlier I read an article here stating that a binary pair of stars passed within 0.8 light years from the sun. That made we wonder why the stars weren't captured by the Sun's gravity since the sun's ...
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### Does the orbital variation in planetary gravity affect the Sun's corona

Dimitris (see below) argues that the syzygies of the Earth and Venus and those of Mercury, Earth and Jupiter distort the Sun's corona, which in some way affects climate on the scale of hundreds of ...
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### Would a killer asteroid shattered into thousands of pieces produce the same devastation?

If we blow up a global killer (in the 3 - 20km range) days before impact into enough pieces that none of the them exceeds, let's say, a 30m diameter and the impact pattern is dispersed over most of ...
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### Can planets inside the Earth's orbit around the Sun appear to undergo retrograde motion?

Retrograde motion is: The apparent motion of the planets when they appear to move backward (from east to west) from the direction that they move ordinarily with respect to the stars. Can planets ...
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### What is our universe expanding into?

From inflation theory and other theories explaining the birth of the universe, the universe is expanding and recently it's been discovered that the expansion has been accelerating. My question is ...
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So, I've been starting to investigate radio astronomy, and am wondering about if certain things are possible from an amateur standpoint. I was looking at this powerpoint(that discusses building a tiny ...
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### Is a black hole a 5 dimensional vortex?

We know that a black hole behaves like a whirlpool or a tornado or any of the other rotating phenomena we experience on Earth.But the thing is, all these phenomena, except the black hole, are ...
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### Are there more stars than all the words ever spoken by humans?

A while ago I saw Neil deGrasse Tyson comparing the number of stars in the universe with the number of words spoken by all of humankind, ever since. I realize both of these numbers are not strictly ...
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### What significance does coincidence or luck have in astronomy?

Astronomy is basically about looking around, and what happens to be there is very important for what we are able to discover. To what degree is astronomy shaped by coincidences in our neighborhood? ...
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### Why does radio astronomy offer higher resolution images than optical?

According to this lecture,"Radio astronomy has several advantages over optical astronomy...We can make the highest resolution images, and see things happening on the smallest scales." Why is this? If ...
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### What is the typical resolving power of the largest optical telescopes?

I'd like to estimate the typical resolving power of the largest optical telescopes. I've calculated the theoretical resolving power of the VLA for 21 cm light, R=\frac{\lambda}{B}=\frac{2.1 \times ...
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### How long does it typically take to make a telescope yourself for the first time? [closed]

How difficult is it to make a telescope oneself? How much time would it take for a first-timer? What are the typical pitfalls?
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### How many galaxies are there in the Hercules–Corona Borealis Great Wall?

The Hercules–Corona Borealis Great Wall is "to date (February 16, 2015), it is the largest and the most massive structure known in the observable universe" (source). How many galaxies is the ...