# All Questions

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### Why dust is optically thin in Far Infrared wavelengths?

What is the actual meaning of the statement 'Dust is optically thin in the Far Infrared (FIR) over most of the Galaxy'? Kindly Help
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### What is the difference between asteroids, comets and meteors?

Some celestial objects seem to be referred to as asteroids, some as comets, and some as meteors or meteorites. What is the distinction between all of these different objects? Are any of them the ...
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### Birthday of the Universe

With every improvement of measurement we are able to determine the age of the Universe more exactly. I just wondered how much and what means it would need to narrow the range of age so that it would ...
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I am currently self teaching myself some basic astronomy. My book claims, if a constellation is observed for exactly 6 months during a year, then it lies on the celestial equator. I have failed to ...
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### Magnification of a telescope

I took an image of Jupiter through my 8" Dobsonian Telescope, attaching a DSLR and a 1.25" Barlow Lens where the eyepiece goes, as shown in this video: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=reFxoF3XoaU ...
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### How to interpret extreme ultraviolet/ x-ray data in the literature?

I am interested in a sun-like star 138 light years away that is in the EUVE catalog. A table shows that a photon count of 2.6+/-0.5 photons per kilosecond at 100 angstroms has been detected for this ...
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### Could we verify the structure of a black hole by observing an orbiting object?

Can we determine the physical structure of a black hole by observing its gravitational effect on objects in orbit? There are three possibilities that I see, and would like to test: Singularity at ...
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### How could we tell if the Universe is infinite? [duplicate]

I've heard from a number of people that the Universe is infinite, and from my perspective, I can't see how this can actually be known, especially given that the Universe started out a finite size and ...
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### Does the sun now 'bypass" some of the original zodiac constellations?

This question got me thinking of an interview of, or a talk by Neil deGrasse Tyson that I saw somewhere in the YouTube universe, giving a question one might ask to possibly challenge literal ...
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### Why does the Chandrasekhar limit affect white dwarfs differently?

The Chandrasekhar limit is the maximum mass of a stable white dwarf star. Beyond this, a carbon-oxygen white dwarf will typically explode in a type 1a supernova, due to the nuclear reactions at those ...
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### Is a wormhole asymmetric?

Can objects transverse a wormhole in both directions. A wormhole (Einstein–Rosen bridge), as pictured by the rubbersheet model, appears symmetric. Matter is able to travel in both directions through ...
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### Binary Star question [duplicate]

Is it POSSIBLE that we are a binary system? I have been doing research into this topic and it seems we may infact be a binary system. If we are, what effects would a massive body comming into our ...
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### Why do meteorites explode?

Some meteorites just blaze away, streaking through the sky. This is clearly explained, as they either slow down enough for the flame to cease, or ablate in their entirety, turning to vapor. But some, ...
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### How long would it take to reach the edge of the reachable universe?

How long would it take to reach the current edge of the reachable portion of the universe, with the following bounds in mind: We figure out a way build a space ship to provide a constant 1 G ...
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### How/where to check where the Sun is (constellation)?

I would like to check in which constellation the Sun was in at some time in the past, any recommendations how to do that?
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### Is the influence of gravity instantaneous?

When I was in college, I posed to my astronomy professor a thought experiment that had been puzzling my mind for some time: "If the all matter in the Sun magically disappeared, instantly, how long ...
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### Is a wormhole makeable?

In sf movies, a wormhole is easy to make. Take a piece of paper representing 2d space, make the two ends of the paper meet, make a hole, go through the hole and you´re somewhere far away in the ...
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### What happens to the information on the event horizons of two merging black holes?

What happens to the hairiness/information on the horizons of two black holes if they collide? After Hawkin the information of the matter which has fallen into the blackhole is encoded on the surface ...
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### Can we calculate the average temperature of the heliosphere?

It is my understanding that one can measure the temperature of the universe by measuring cosmic microwave background radiation. Could we also use this method for calculating the average temperature of ...
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### What would the night sky look like if the Milky Way were the only galaxy in the universe?

I'm curious to know what the sky would look like without any other galaxies out there. How much do other galaxies factor into the stars we see? Does the Milky Way account for most of them? Would the ...
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### During night on the Moon is there Earth light and Earth phases?

I realise that night time on the Moon is two weeks, however I am curious if during the night there, whether or not the Earth reflects light in similar manner to the Moon. On the one hand, I know it ...
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### How do I see more than just points in the sky?

I just bought a new telescope with these specifications: Aperture: 203 mm Focal Length: 1200 mm F/ratio: f/5.9 I usually use a 28 mm eyepiece, giving me about 42.5x magnification, but I also have ...
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### What does this information about “upper limit column densities” and “upper limit relative abundances” mean?

I was reading the abstract of a paper regarding attempts at detection of a molecular precursor to the amino acid glycine, and I came across concepts (and notation) that I found confusing. If someone ...
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### $\Lambda$CDM model or the BB model? [on hold]

The Lambda CDM model is the parameterization of the Big Bang model, it is also called the consensus model of cosmology in many textbooks and websites. Doesn't parameterization makes the LCDM a ...
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### Focusing light through fiber optic cable to extend telescope viewer

I want to build a system to view my telescope without being uncomfortable. Currently I have to stand up and bend over to view the eye piece. I want to build a system that allows me to 'pipe' the ...
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### Polar satellites for Global Navigation Systems

Why do we need 7 polar satellites for a navigation system like the Indian Regional Navigation Satellite System (IRNSS)?
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### Why do PMS stars on the Hayashi track remain at a constant temperature while they contract?

Why do pre-main-sequence stars on the Hayashi track remain at a constant temperature while they contract? I've read the Wikipedia article, so no need to repeat the derivation. What I took away from ...
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### Could gravity be the 4th dimension? [on hold]

According to Michio Kaku, in his book Hyperspace, he said that in this Hyperspace, there exist a total of 10 dimensions that govern the laws of physics. Is it possible that we too live in a ...
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### Does earth have retrograde motion?

I am a beginner. Please let me know whether earth has retrograde motion If it does not, let me know the reason
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### Are larger stars rounder?

The Earth is a very smooth sphere, and the Sun even more so, with only minor fluctuations. I am wondering: are larger stars even rounder? Intuitively, that seems self evident, but I am not so sure. ...
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### $\Lambda$CDM Model and the early stages of the Universe

We know that the radiation dominant era lasted for 50,000 years, how? What equations give us the result of 50,000 years and how are we certain that we are talking about radiation dominant era, same ...
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### Inclination in Kepler's laws

So, you can determine the location of an object in an orbit at any given time via Kepler's laws, but how do you determine the orbital inclination at any given point in time?
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### How much competition there is for jobs in astronomy compared to other fields of science?

I will soon finish a master's degree in computer science. I have been interested in astronomy for some time, which has included playing around with a Newtonian reflector telescope and reading about ...
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### What is the equation of state for a relativistic fluid/gas?

Say we have a relativistic fluid/gas, as we have in some astrophyical systems. Now let us write: $e$ - energy density in the fluid's rest frame. $P$ - pressure in the fluid's rest frame. $n$ - ...
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### Does matter accumulate just outside the event horizon of a black hole?

My understanding is that time slows and approaches stopping when approaching the event horizon of a black hole. I have seen this explained several places, including a brief explanation in the last ...
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### Is a planetary system star's referred to as their sun?

It's my understanding that the Sun (uppercase) is used to refer to our sun/star, because it is The Sun. Latin name is Sol, hence the Solar System. Even the tag (lowercase sun) on this post has the ...
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### What uncertainty does an error bar signify in astronomy?

When an astronomer talks about her/his topic and shows an X/Y-plot with error bars. What should one assume that those error bars represent? 1 standard deviation? Or 2? Or some specific significance ...
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### Equation of the Center constant factor

This questions concerns the longitudinal aspect of the Equation of Time, also called the Equation of the Center. In some sources the equation looks like the following: $\nu - M = 2\varepsilon \sin M$ ...
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### Would humans hear gravity waves from a binary BH fusion nearby?

The frequency of the gravity waves detected by aLIGO recently were in the audible sound spectra. Actually spanning over half of the keys of a piano, I've been told, during 2/10 or so seconds. Would a ...
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### What are the biggest problems about the numerical, finite-element GR models?

As I know, for example the modelling of the collapse of a neutron star (to a black hole) wasn't done correctly until now. Why? Yes, I know, the Einstein Field Equations aren't really easy to solve. ...
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### Is solar wind a source of water?

Solar wind may contain some hydrogen and oxygen atoms which is the composition of water, some of them may move to the poles of earth, my question is, is solar wind also a source of water in earth?
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### Pinhole Projector: Can I use a specific solar optical eye piece to focus the Transit of Mercury?

The title pretty much explains this one. Can I use a specific solar optical eye piece, or other optical device, in conjunction with the pinhole projector method to focus the Transit of Mercury? ...
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### Plot an AltAz grid over a square grid of RADec points

first post here. As I'm new, StackExchange won't let create or use the wcsaxes tag. wcsaxes looks like the most appropriate tool for the job, but astropy is closely related. I think the title says ...
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### Stellar mass limits for Neutron Star and Black Holes

Don't hate on me if I am asking a very basic and straightforward thing. I have a few questions about black holes and neutron stars. What is the mass range (in terms of solar masses) for a main ...
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### How to find the distance between two quasars

I want to calculate the distance between two quasars of which I know the angular position and the red shift. Let $Q_1=(\alpha_1,\delta_1, z_1)$ and $Q_2=(\alpha 2,\delta 2, z_2)$ and suppose \$z_2 > ...
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### How much time does the ISS take to repeat its orbit?

I used to go to my roof to see the ISS, but it is not always visible. Then it appears again but does it appear with the exact same orbit as I saw before? Thanks!
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### The Blackhole “Creator of Stars” [closed]

I have thought for some time on how Blackholes and Neutron stars behave and interact in the nature of space, Now I know we have made some theory's and are still in the process of observation, we ...
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### What does the Sun's orbit within the Solar System look like?

Everything in the Solar System revolves around the "barycenter": the overall center of mass. This barycenter is not in the center of the Sun. Some articles and essays I've read go so far as to suggest ...