New answers tagged amateur-observing
From before the dawn of history people naturally assumed that the sky was a solid dome above the flat earth. The dome was assumed to rotate once a day, so the stars were assumed to be lights attached to the dome. Anyone who assumed that the sky dome was opaque had to assume that the sun and the wandering planets were nearer than the sky dome. I think ...
The Earth does spin like an unbalanced top. The Earth's rotation axis is not fixed. It instead moves in a complex manner due to a combination of external torques exerted by the Moon and Sun, a torque-free nutation due to the oblate shape of the Earth, and also due to changes on and in the Earth. The torque-induced motions are called precession and nutation, ...
After a quick google, This page pops up showing that Anaxagoras was the first documented person to make the link between the sun and stars being the same thing.
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