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I think that the short answer here is No. So, for the most part… There are several systems, or scales, used for measuring time. This is made clear in your question. A skew, or other alignment incident, between scales of time measurement, cannot have an effect on a Geological Event. This is because a Geological Event is part of a Natural Cycle, by ...


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Well it kind of makes sense, but what is important here is the Earth's velocity relative to the Moon, not the Sun! Roughly: the Moon-Earth separation is 400,000 km and a complete orbit takes 27 days. Thus the relative orbital speed is more like 1 km/s and so a 20km diameter beam easily covers the expected relative motion of about 2.5 km during the 2.5s ...


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Your reasoning is correct: if Mercury orbited in the same plane as Earth, we'd see it transit the Sun every 4 months or so. In fact these orbital planes are inclined 7 degrees to each other, and the other major planets' orbits are inclined 1 to 3 degrees relative to Earth's. The planets perturb each other's orbits slightly, so no planet's orbit is perfectly ...



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