Would a more significant curvature of spacetime relative to earth (i.e. time on jupiter) effect the aging process? Basically would you age at a slower rate? Or age faster on the moon?

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    $\begingroup$ Very unclear what you are asking. $\endgroup$ – Rob Jeffries Apr 26 '15 at 10:16
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    $\begingroup$ On Jupiter you would age only slightly more slowly than on the earth. It doesn't have nearly enough gravty to make a noticeable change. I could run the numbers if you like, but you're talking maybe 1 second per year. You'd need to be in close orbit around a Neutron star to have noticeable in human terms, time dilation. Even near the surface of a white dwarf wouldn't be enough to notice. $\endgroup$ – userLTK Apr 26 '15 at 13:37
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    $\begingroup$ Are you talking about gravitational time dilation? $\endgroup$ – HDE 226868 May 4 '15 at 23:35
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    $\begingroup$ It's also worth remembering that gravitation time dilation does not affect your perception of time at all. The number of seconds (as measured by you, which is what really matters to most people) in your life doesn't change. $\endgroup$ – Mark Olson Jan 6 '19 at 19:40

Einstein's general theory of relativity explains time dilation. Wikipedia provides a concise summary:

time dilation is a difference in the elapsed time measured by two observers, either due to a velocity difference relative to each other, or by being differently situated relative to a gravitational field. As a result of the nature of spacetime, a clock that is moving relative to an observer will be measured to tick slower than a clock that is at rest in the observer's own frame of reference. A clock that is under the influence of a stronger gravitational field than an observer's will also be measured to tick slower than the observer's own clock.

As one experiences more gravity, time seems to flow slower compared to (say) Earth. That means that "standing" on Jupiter, which isn't possible due to the gaseous surface, will cause you to move through time faster; but you do not age slower. Suppose your lifespan is 80 years. On Jupiter you still would live 80 years, but the time that has passed on Earth during your 80 years would be slightly more than that.

The gravitational time dilation on the Moon is the opposite: the weaker gravity means that an Earth clock ticks very slightly faster than a Moon clock.

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  • $\begingroup$ I think that the Earth clock ticks slower than the Moon clock. $\endgroup$ – Brayden Fox Jan 8 '19 at 1:10

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