# What is projected separation and how can I make sense of its unit (h^-1 kpc)?

I have been reading this paper on the separation of a binary quasar in which it states:

At a projected separation of 8.3/h kpc (Omega_matter = 1), CTQ 839 would be the smallest projected separation binary quasar currently known.

What is meant by projected separation and where does this unit come from?

Often, the distance to extragalactic objects depends on the assumed value of the Hubble parameter. In this case, $h$ is a dimensionless number corresponding to $h=H_0/100$, where $H_0$ is the Hubble parameter in km/s per Mpc.
The current best value of $H_0$ is about 70 km/s per Mpc, so $h\simeq 0.7$.