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Is there a publicly available data set for mean atmospheric absorption / extinction? I would like to be able to process and plot a graph similar to this image from NASA on wiki commons.

The HITRAN database appears to offer individual lines and might possibly be used to compute mean absorption at standard atmosphere. However, the process is unclear and the data search appears to be broken.

Spectral Calculator by GATS also appears to have done the calculations for various configurations pulling from the HITRAN database and using standard atmosphere, but access to transmittance and absorption plots is limited to subscribers paying $50 per month.

A lot of individuals seem to be generating or copying these plots, but very few citations are given. Furthermore, indications are that there may be a fair amount of variability depending on conditions so a plot based on standard or mean conditions looking upward or downward through the atmosphere would be helpful.

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  • $\begingroup$ There are a lot of time-variable things that influence atmospheric transmission/absorption and the full line-by-line computation is a lot of work. The [ESO Sky Model]( eso.org/observing/etc/bin/gen/…) can make plots of the sort you linked to but not over such a large range of wavelengths (scroll down to Wavelength Grid to change ranges, limit is 0.3 to 30um so visible+IR) $\endgroup$ – astrosnapper Jul 21 '18 at 0:04
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One source with absorption data worth mentioning is hosted by the Gemini Observatory at https://www.gemini.edu/observing/telescopes-and-sites/sites#Transmission

There are plain-text files with e.g. for the range 0.9-5.6 microns as measured on Mauna Kea.

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