First query: YES there are many bok clusters without foreground stars.
For density, That's an unclear field of study, confused with dark matter enigma, and the estimates of frequency of "Boks" perhaps only have about 1-2 degrees of magnitude precision. We can't say that there is less than 1 bok for every 10 stars, we can't say there is more than 1 for every 1000.
The distance to the nearby and compact globules is difficult to determine. The absence of foreground stars toward globules rules out spectrophotometric distance measurements, and the distance estimation from LSR velocity (kinematic distance) is unreliable. So, listed distances are only values assumed by associating observed globules with neighboring larger molecular clouds whose distance is known.
So for one thing, you will find that catalogues of Boks, and IRAS, give their galactic coordinates of longitude and lattitude, and not their distance, which they might get wrong by an order of magnitude.
There are dozens of stars within 20ly, there's about 1 star every 280 cubic light years, so within 500 light years from us there are about 2,000,000 stars.
I found a catalogue of 380 nearby small compact globules of which 280 are about 1ly across. IRAS Point Source Catalog, Version 2.0 has many thousand of them, they seem to be all in the 4000 parsec range, and stuff that far away becomes difficult do detect as soon as it does have a star in front of it.
Within 1000 parsecs there are already 100ds of Bok clusters in catalogues, and if there were 10,000 Bok clusters nearby, the opacity of the sky could be measured, there has to be a certain ratio of dark clouds relative to stars to give the current opacity of the solar neighborhood, and perhaps someone else has information about that, it's probably that some studies have been done to measure local opacity, and mass, although that is also complicated by dark matter theories, perhaps there are so many Boks, they make up a large proportion of the local mass.
There is a catalogue of actual Bok Globules from 1988, based on globule regularity, roundness, because roundness is used to determine their size and shape rather than precise factors, all their target's did not have a star in front, and they said:
"Such a catalog of small molecular clouds was needed for
our ongoing study of star formation in Bok globules (Clemens
and Leach 1987; Clemens, Leach, and Barvainis 1988). The
available catalogs (Lynds 1962; Barnard 1927) are most complete
for larger clouds (i.e., angular sizes greater than S'-IO').
However, many smaller clouds do not appear in these catalogs.
A new search of the Palomar Observatory Sky Survey
(POSS) was made with the goal of finding the smaller molecular
We have identified 248 molecular clouds with optical sizes
smaller than 10'. Most of these have been previously cataloged
(72%), although the fraction of clouds previously cataloged
decreases somewhat (to 60%) as the mean size decreases
. A large number of the clouds (60%) have IRAS
point sources within their boundaries or in their near environs,
indicating that probing the FIR dust properties of the
clouds will be productive."
They catalogued 248 easily measured bok globules somewhere nearer than 5000 parsecs and beyond that it's too small to see them.
someone did a survey of SO emissions from the above catalogue, and had images of this kind: