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According to the article cited behind, and to a post here in Astronomy SE , there are galaxies moving away from Milky Way faster than light, even at speeds of 2.3c . According to this article Can two galaxies move away from each other faster than light

The two galaxies we've been discussing are not travelling through space, it is the space between them that is expanding. Or put in another way, they are stationary and all the space around them is being stretched out. This is why it doesn't violate the theory of relativity, because it is not motion in the traditional sense.

So does this motion between galaxies "in not a traditional sense" count at all to calculate relativistic mass?

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    $\begingroup$ "Relativistic mass" is an outdated concept. The momentum increases non-linearly with velocity, but not the gravitational attraction. $\endgroup$ – Asher Jun 28 '17 at 19:09
  • $\begingroup$ If by relativistic mass, you're referring to $\gamma m$, where $\gamma$ is the Lorentz Factor, and $m$ is the "rest mass" of the body, then no. $\endgroup$ – zephyr Jun 28 '17 at 19:46
  • $\begingroup$ @RobJeffries is that comment for me or for Asher? $\endgroup$ – Pablo Jun 28 '17 at 21:39
  • $\begingroup$ Crossposted to physics.stackexchange.com/q/342031/2451 $\endgroup$ – Qmechanic Jun 29 '17 at 11:45
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What the mass increase from special relativity tells you is that if you see a physical system (say, a rocket with a physics laboratory on board for convenience) flying past your location at a certain relative velocity and you measure the mass of an object in that laboratory, for instance by measuring its gravitational effect on another mass in the same laboratory (using lasers to measure distances and velocities and so on), you will get an answer which is higher than the one an observer in that laboratory would get.

In and of itself this doesn't even tell you much about what you'd measure about a far distant laboratory, especially one far enough away that the expansion of the universe significantly effects your measurements.

Furthermore, since these two galaxies on opposite sides of the observable universe cannot actually exchange messages and observe one another, the mass increase is not really a consideration -- you can't measure the mass of an object in the other laboratory, because you can't get a signal there and back.

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