If a torch is switched on and pointed towards the moon, would the light from the torch reach to the moon?
Visible light from a torch has a 50% (blue light) to 90% (red light) chance of making it through the Earth's atmosphere, depending on the amount of dust and aerosols in the atmosphere and how close the Moon is to the horizon.
Light travels in straight lines. The Moon has an angular diameter of only 0.5 degrees as seen from the Earth. Most ordinary torch beams diverge by much more than this, so only a small fraction of the photons from a torch would pass through a circle of angular diameter 0.5 degrees. Hence only a small fraction of the emitted photons would hit the Moon.
Finally, you said that the torch was pointed "towards the Moon". Actually, you pointed it to where the Moon was 1.5 seconds ago, and the torch light reaches the distance of the Moon a further 1.5 seconds later. Thus the Moon has travelled 3 seconds in its orbit. However, since the orbital period (360 degrees) is a month, then it only covers an angle of 1.5 arcseconds in 3 seconds, so this shift is not relevant for your experiment (though it is for those bouncing lasers off reflectors on the Moon, which proves that light does in fact reach the Moon).
Yes. If there is nothing opaque in the way to obstruct it, it will reach the moon. However, the intensity of light (from a point source like a torch) diminishes with the square of distance. So, by the time it reaches the moon, it will be extremely faint.
Further information on the inverse square law as applied to light from a point source: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Inverse-square_law#Light_and_other_electromagnetic_radiation