Firstly, if you're planet spotting, don't worry too much about light pollution. The planets are some of the brightest objects in the sky and some (especially Jupiter) can easily be observed even with a full Moon - the full Moon (along with the Sun!) is the biggest contributor to light pollution!
Take a look at the list of brightest stars ( https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_brightest_stars ), which also contains estimates for the brightness of the Sun, Moon and major planets. There aren't typically any stars brighter from Earth than Venus, Jupiter, Mars and Mercury and precious few brighter than Saturn. I'm going to suggest you probably have seen many of the planets - but just didn't recognise them.
+1 for Stellarium ( http://www.stellarium.org/en_GB/ ). It's free, intuitive and very visual to use. You can put in your local viewing location and it gives you a view for any time of the night, future or past. At the time of writing (23 July 2017), Saturn and Jupiter should be looking good for the Southern Hemisphere. This rotates throughout the year, and Stellarium will help with this.
Do a web search for "the sky at night in the southern hemisphere" and you'll find a number of examples of websites with highlights to look for when you get out.
Couple of final suggestions:
- Do allow plenty of time to let your eyes adjust to the darkness - it takes me a good 20-30 minutes to get going. You'll see many more stars then
- Do be aware that local conditions (houses / trees etc) might restrict visibility of things near the horizon. In any case, you find items over-head are much clearer
- Refractors (yours included) come with an 'erecting prism'. Despite the name, the real benefit isn't that you see the image the right way up (that isn't really an issue in astronomy), the prism just allows you a more sensible and comfortable viewing position - you'll understand when you get going
- Don't restrict yourself to planets. When you get going, learn about the deep sky objects too. For instance, the southern hemisphere has access to the famous Magellenic Clouds which we cannot see from the northern hemisphere!