# How to photograph Saturn

I have been given an old telescope (Newtonian, 910mm) and I got a mount for my DSLR and I'm trying to take some pictures of various objects. In particular, I'm trying to photograph Saturn, but I'm having some difficulty getting a decent image. This is about the best I could get:

This was taken with a 2x Barlow T-mounted to my DSLR via an extender, basically a metal tube about 2.5 inches long (without both of these my focuser doesn't have enough range unless I drop an eyepiece into the extender, then the Barlow isn't needed). I shot on a one second delay to allow any vibration from the shutter opening to subside. Focus was manual via the telescope itself, and was at the sharpest spot I could find. I had been outside for some time and temperature difference between the air and the scope were minimal.

I'm wondering if there are any pointers or maybe an idea of what I might be doing wrong. This above exposure was 1/10s, ISO 5000. I thought maybe the ISO setting was too high, but the image below was at 1/15s, ISO 2000 and doesn't look any better:

There seems to be some chromatic effect, in the first image the upper-left side has a blue tint which works its way across the spectrum to red in the lower-left.

The scope was collimated using the star method as I don't have a tool, so it may not be perfect but it's pretty good.

The thing that I am really puzzled about is that through the lens the image did not look like either of these pictures. Although a bit small, I could make out the variations in color and some of the texture of the planet and its rings. The image was sharp and there were no chromatic aberations. Aside from having the rough shape of Saturn, the pictures have almost no resemblance to what I saw right before I took the pictures. (This is looking directly through the lens of the camera through the optical viewfinder, live preview also looks ok, but the screen resolution isn't as great.)

Hmm - good question, Michael; and thanks for sharing your images with us.

For me, it's about eliminating possible causes:

• Collimation - OK (the star test should be fine for your purposes)
• Focus - probably OK (suggest you try the same kit - scope, Barlow, DSLR - during the day and focus on a far distance object if possible to double-check)
• Chromatic Aberration - Newtonians are less prone certainly, but it can happen. The most common cause is atmospheric dispersion caused by looking at an object very low in the sky. Your profile doesn't say where you're observing but Saturn is very low in the Northern Hemisphere sky at the moment Magnification - one problem for you is that your kit is probably not optimal for small objects. I have a 1000mm FL Newtonian and need to use a x3 Barlow and a specialist CMOS/CCD planetary camera for Saturn as it looks too small on my DSLR (which gets used for larger objects)

You said "The thing that I am really puzzled about is that through the lens the image did not look like either of these pictures" - please could you clarify what you meant by lens here; were you talking about using the scope, Barlow and a separate eyepiece, or were you using scope, Barlow and DSLR with live preview lens?

It is much more common for people to image the planets using a video stacked approach. The idea behind this is that they are very bright (so exposure times can be very short) and the limiting factor is random blurring caused by atmospheric seeing.

If you take a video file of say 1000 frames at 20fps then there is software available that can combine these into good shots (e.g. AutoStakkert, Registax). What DSLR are you using? For what it's worth, the human eye is very good at picking details and resolving out the seeing on bright objects, so my first photo attempts were dreadful compared to what I could see in the eyepiece.

I'd recommend you try reading up on this approach for inspiration. Some (but not all) DSLRs do allow video recording modes, so it might be worth a try.

Saturn is definitely a tricky object to go for - at the time of writing Jupiter isn't in a good Northern Hemisphere space (I'd normally suggest trying it out as a somewhat easier target). Have you tried practising by imaging parts of the Moon - it's a much easier target to build confidence and practical experience?

Please don't be disheartened ... it took me a couple of years to get semi-decent pictures of Saturn

• Thanks for your reply! I've update my question regarding how I was looking at the image. Some of it might be the human eye thing, and Saturn definitely was fairly low in the sky by the time the clouds went away, but I was having some issues with the moon pictures too and it's very bright, but my thinking was to get Saturn right and the Moon would fall into place as it should be an easier shot. (I'm really more interested in a good Saturn shot as the moon is always there.) Would it be helpful to include a sample of the moon pic too? Sep 6 '17 at 15:00
• Also, thanks for the video idea... I'll play with that and see if I can figure out how to get some kind of minimum exposure that's stackable. Sep 6 '17 at 15:05
• Great stuff. I also found Saturn one of the most satisfying objects to "go for" but it is difficult to separate out inexperience from technical difficulties from failures in process. I decided to step back to the Moon to sort out the technical side and only then switched back Sep 6 '17 at 15:34
• When I try to download AutoStakkert I get the Chrome error AutoStakkert....zip can't be downloaded securely (Discard). Dec 22 '20 at 4:42