No. Such an orbit would be co-incidental and dynamically uninteresting.
For a planet of given mass and rotation period, there is a class of orbits, whose period is equal to the rotation period of the planet. If the orbit is prograde this gives an interesting effect: the satellite would remain in the same position in the sky (or if it had an elliptical orbit, it would return to the same position each day)
If the orbit is retrograde, the orbit would not have any particularly interesting features. While it is possible for tidal locking to produce a synchronous orbit, there is no mechanism to stabilise a retrograde orbit like this, and tidal effects will slowly disrupt it.