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I am studying astrophysics on the side and came across this problem in the textbook: Modeling Malmquist Bias Problem

I am not quite sure how to approach it but I do know I need to account for the Malmquist bias to account for the correct $L$. Is there any insight I can get here?

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closed as unclear what you're asking by Rob Jeffries, Jan Doggen, Reinstate Monica, peterh says reinstate Monica, Max0815 Feb 27 at 23:34

Please clarify your specific problem or add additional details to highlight exactly what you need. As it's currently written, it’s hard to tell exactly what you're asking. See the How to Ask page for help clarifying this question. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

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    $\begingroup$ Have you checked Wikipedia's page on the subject ? $\endgroup$ – StephenG Feb 27 at 5:08
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    $\begingroup$ Please do not only give pictures with text on SE sites, add the relevant text as text as well, so that it can be found by search engines. There are 'online OCR' sites that can help you convert the picture so that you don't have to retype it all. $\endgroup$ – Jan Doggen Feb 27 at 8:38
  • $\begingroup$ Have you constructed the numerical model as described in the exercise? Have you gone through steps (a), (b) and (c) and considered the questions at each step? Please edit your question to include what you've tried and what specifically is causing the difficulty. For further guidance, see How to Ask and take the site Tour. :-) $\endgroup$ – Reinstate Monica Feb 27 at 9:43

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