"Yes, but no."
If you could jump through space faster than light can travel, and you went 1 light year away to 'look back at earth', then you would observe the light emissions that began 1 year ago, and continue to observe them as they arrive. [And if you start moving towards or away from the emission source, then 'neat things' happen due to blue/red shift. Or red/blue shift, I'm waiting on coffee and forget which direction the shift is in.]
(Whether you could have the optical resolution to actually SEE something like a ship being built from that far away is another matter. At that distance the dominating signal would be the star's output as a whole, and digging other information out of it would get tricky. And if we handwave how exactly we punch a hole through space-time to actually make the FTL jump, then resolving details from that distance might actually be the harder part of the question here...)
This is however not strictly speaking looking back 'through time', but merely observing a signal delay between the event's actual time and the point where you can detect the signal.
If you watch someone driving a fence post from a distance you'll be able to see the hammer strike, but the sound will be slightly delayed - We don't normally consider this as "hearing through time", but it is ultimately the same effect: Observing a signal after it was emitted due to the time required for the signal to travel from its origin to the observer's location.