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If I understand correctly, in countries to the north of the tropics the sun's noon shadow points north.

What happens south of the tropics? Is it pointing south?

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  • $\begingroup$ or perhaps "in the southern half of the tropics, below the equator"? $\endgroup$
    – uhoh
    Apr 23, 2019 at 23:41
  • $\begingroup$ @BowlOfRed: Yes south of the tropics. Your understanding of the question is correct $\endgroup$
    – Jim
    Apr 24, 2019 at 12:26

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Is it pointing south?

Yes, the shadow points south when you are south of the tropics (south of the Tropic of Capricorn).

In the tropics (between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn), the direction of the Sun's shadow depends on the location and the date.

As the angle between the sun and the earth's axis changes during the year, the apparent path of the sun in the sky changes.

Outside the tropics, this change is insufficient to ever bring the sun directly overhead. Regardless of the date, the sun will be seen to be toward the equator at local noon. (Same as saying the shadow points away from the equator).

Within the tropics, the changing path sometimes brings the sun directly overhead. The position at local noon depends on the specific location and the date.

On the December solstice, the sun will be overhead for locations on the Tropic of Capricorn and will cross to the south at local noon for all locations in the tropics (and those further north). During the June solstice, the situation is reversed for the tropics. All locations south of the Tropic of Cancer would see the sun pass to the north.

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    $\begingroup$ Oh, I see what you mean. I think your interpretation is correct. I rolled back the edit to the question to the original. I don't think it was a grammar error anymore, it's definitely "in the south of the tropics". $\endgroup$
    – uhoh
    Apr 23, 2019 at 23:27
  • $\begingroup$ +1. Of course there's one exception to your description for south of the Tropic of Capricorn: the South Pole. ;-) $\endgroup$ Apr 24, 2019 at 11:57
  • $\begingroup$ So the sun's path is always above the tropic of cancer? $\endgroup$
    – Jim
    Apr 24, 2019 at 20:12
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    $\begingroup$ @Jim: No, the sun's path is always between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn. That is, assuming the convention that north is up, the sun's path is always below (or on) the Tropic of Cancer, and above (or on) the Tropic of Capricorn. $\endgroup$
    – TonyK
    Apr 24, 2019 at 20:31
  • $\begingroup$ @TonyK: It goes bellow that boundaries during a solar year right? So half of the year is above the equator and bellow (or on) the tropic of cancer and half bellow the equator and above (or on) the tropic of capricorn? $\endgroup$
    – Jim
    Apr 27, 2019 at 10:45

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