# To show perihelion precession motion of Mercury in Python with matplotlib

I'm trying to make it more general code so I can trace even a parabola or hyperbola for $$e=1, E=0$$ and $$e>1, E>0$$ respectively. And after achieving that general code I want to make the same code working for perihelion precession motion of Mercury just by adding an additional term ($$-A/r^3$$) in the energy term. Feel free to change my entire code and energy term.

from numpy import *
import matplotlib.pyplot as plt

L = 9.11*10**38     #L = angular momentum
m = 3.28*10**23     #m = mass of mercury
M = 1.99*10**30     #M = mass of sun
a = 5.8*10**10       #a = semi-major axis
G = 6.674*10**-11   #G = Gravitationl constant
k = G*M*m
E = -k/(2*a)        #E = energy
##E = 0
p = L**2/(m*k)
c = 1 + (2*E*L**2)/(m*k**2)
e = sqrt(c)       #e = eccentricity
print(e,c)
def fx(x):
r = p/(1 + e*cos(x))
return float(r)

n = 1000
phi =linspace(0,2*pi,n)
theta = zeros([n])
x = zeros([n])
y = zeros([n])

for i in range(0,n):
theta[i] = 180*phi[i]/pi

for i in range(0,n):

• It looks like you are moving from a compiled language to python. Numpy arrays make life easier! Here's a better way to use them. pastebin.com/LY7f5t72 btw never use import * it can cause unexpected and hard to find problems. Right now your script crashes because $c<0$ and $e=\sqrt{c}$. Have a look at this answer for some equations for bound and unbound orbits, and this answer for a numerical integration example. Feel free to ping me with questions. – uhoh May 27 '19 at 10:24