I was reading a book by Stephen Hawking, it was written that universe is made up of 2 ingredients,i.e., space and energy and space was the negative energy, so they add up to 0. But since space is energy does that mean it is finite?

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    $\begingroup$ Just don't take that simple "equation" too literal $\endgroup$ – Hagen von Eitzen Jun 14 '19 at 18:09
  • $\begingroup$ I thought so, but still how can i know how it works? Thanks $\endgroup$ – quantumbiker Jun 14 '19 at 18:10
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    $\begingroup$ Is the universe finite? We can have models about whether its shape (closed, flat or open) suggests it's finite or infinite, but there's no way we can ever be sure, since we can only see a portion of it. NB Hawking was great at writing books in simple language to explain the complex physics (i.e. mathematics) of things like black holes, but his examples break down if you examine them too closely. :-) $\endgroup$ – Chappo Says SE Dudded Monica Jun 16 '19 at 1:23
  • $\begingroup$ Never understood a single book of SH. I must say my copies were translated, I think is important when it comes to already stretched analogies and examples. $\endgroup$ – Alchimista Jun 17 '19 at 12:47

As everyone is saying, this is a very loose "plain English" version of some complex ideas, but if space was infinite, you could view this suggestion (that the overall total energy of the universe is zero) as applying to any sufficiently large region of space. So if you pick any 10 billion lightyear diameter sphere you would expect to find the energy of the matter in that sphere more or less cancelled out by the gravitational potential energy arising from the separation of that matter.


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