Who first named the planets Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter, and Saturn?

Agnes Clerke's Catholic Encyclopedia article "Astronomy in the Bible" § Planets claims that "Venus and Saturn are the only planets expressedly mentioned in the Old Testament."

  • 1
    $\begingroup$ This will be difficult to answer because there could be namings that did not survive in recorded history. Also I think this is much more likely to get an answer in History of Science and Math SE than it will here. $\endgroup$ – uhoh Jan 24 '20 at 4:34
  • $\begingroup$ I thought it was generally accepted that the Romans named the planets after their gods? historyhit.com/the-gods-and-goddesses-of-pagan-rome $\endgroup$ – user21 Jan 24 '20 at 7:07
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ Are you asking who first gave the planets those specific names (which Barry mentions come from the Romans)? Or are you asking which people were the first (that we know of) to give names to the planets? $\endgroup$ – PM 2Ring Jan 24 '20 at 9:13
  • 1
    $\begingroup$ @PM2Ring I'm not asking who first named the planets, but who first gave them their present names. $\endgroup$ – Geremia Jan 24 '20 at 17:03
  • 2
    $\begingroup$ Sorry, I don't think you'll get an answer that's better than what's in the linked question. The origins of the Roman god / planet names are probably lost in the mists of time. I can't even find out by which century those names were well-established. Also, very early Roman religion was rather mysterious: the priests kept a lot of their knowledge secret, only passing it on to initiates. $\endgroup$ – PM 2Ring Jan 24 '20 at 17:51