I was wondering if the debris from the comet NEOWISE that recently passed Earth would provide meteor showers in the future.
I looked up that the Perseid meteor showers happen when the Earth passes through the debris left behind by comet Swift-Tuttle which has a nucleus diameter of 26 km. In comparison, the comet NEOWISE has a nucleus diameter of 5 km. I am guessing this means it is too small to have a debris trail that produces periodic meteor showers? I was not able to find data about the length of these comets' tails.
What determines if the debris from a comet will produce periodic meteor showers in the sky?
After thinking about it a bit myself it seems like these variables should be important:
- Diameter of the comet
- Length of tail when comet reaches Earth's orbit (which probably depends on comet size and composition)
- Orbit of comet and its relation to Earth's orbit
- Orientation of comet / comet's tail in relation to Earth when it crosses the Earth's orbit
- Whether or not tail extends to Earth as the comet moves farther away from Sun
- Whether or not the debris persists after the comet has left
I was hoping someone could provide more insight into what determines if periodic showers will be produced by a comet. Specifically, what variables are involved (comet size, length of tail, comet's orbit in relation to Earth's orbit, etc.). I'm particularly interested in what determines the length of a comet's tail as well as whether a debris trail persists long after the comet has left.