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Archeoastronomy is not the most prominent tag used here at astronomy SE. It can be defined as

the interdisciplinary or multidisciplinary study of how people in the past "have understood the phenomena in the sky, how they used these phenomena and what role the sky played in their cultures"

Beside this article, I also found a nice list of archaeoastronomical sites. What I have not found though is a statistics on the observational purposes of the various sites. Which kind of astronomical observations have most likely been made by these early observatories? It would be also interesting to know, at which earliest point of time which observation was possible. I am looking for a concise statistics of astronomical observations possible with ancient observatories, if that exists.

As a starting point might be the following list of reproducible observations possible with Stonehenge as extracted from a introductory astronomy article on Stonehenge

  • Northernmost moonrise
  • Southernmost moonrise
  • Northernmost moonset
  • Northern moonset minimum
  • Midwinter sunset
  • Midsummer sunrise

Further reading

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    $\begingroup$ What is a proof in this context? You cannot measure, not observe, and just infer and speculate on exact use of prehistoric items $\endgroup$ – planetmaker Jan 28 at 13:38
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    $\begingroup$ I suppose that tag should have a description... $\endgroup$ – PM 2Ring Jan 28 at 16:52
  • $\begingroup$ @PM2Ring So you are saying I could edit out my definition? I guess, I should... $\endgroup$ – B--rian Jan 29 at 10:15
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    $\begingroup$ No, I'm saying that the archaeoastronomy tag info is empty, so when you click on that tag button you get the message: "The archaeoastronomy tag has no usage guidance, can you help us create it?". The definition in your post looks fine to me, however it's strongly discouraged on Stack Exchange to copy & paste tag wiki stuff directly from Wikipedia. And the WP definition is itself a quote from a paper: Sinclair, R.M. (2006). "The Nature of Archaeoastronomy". But I guess a minor paraphrase will be ok. I'll do that shortly. $\endgroup$ – PM 2Ring Jan 29 at 20:59
  • $\begingroup$ I've never created (or even edited) a tag wiki before. I hope I did an ok job. $\endgroup$ – PM 2Ring Jan 29 at 21:23

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