Went on with a wide range of telescopes and its mechanics. To my understanding, the only change in the optical function in Schmidt Cassegrain telescope is a Schmidt's corrector plate in front of an Newtonian telescope. And the secondary mirror placed exactly opposite to the primary mirror with a hole with diameter < of the diameter of secondary mirror to let the light reach the eyepiece placed at the back of the telescope, Where in Newtonian the secondary mirror is inclined 45 degrees to make the light erect so that it reaches the eyepiece are some of the mechanical and physical changes. So, Is my understanding correct ? If We add a Schmidt corrector plate in front of a Newtonian telescope, does this change make it a Cassegrain one ?. And why the light is sent back of the telescope by the secondary mirror in Cassegrain and not erecting it to the eyepiece like it is in Newtonian ?
Schmidt corrector plate on a Newtonian = Schmidt Cassegrain?
And why the light is sent back of the telescope by the secondary mirror in Cassegrain and not erecting it to the eyepiece like it is in Newtonian ?
A Cassegrain telescope has a hyperbolic secondary mirror which a certain position and focal length to minimize off-axis aberrations. This makes the diffraction-limited field of view much wider than for a single-mirrored Newtonian.
For more on that see
- this answer to Are X-ray telescopes with glancing angle surfaces basically “funny-looking” Cassegrain telescopes mathematically?
- all answers to In a reflecting telescope (Cassegrain), is there a difference between using a concave or convex secondary mirror?
- What is the difference between a Cassegrain telescope and a Gregorian one? Which one is better? currently unanswered
- this answer to When was the first true Gregorian telescope built?
- How was the first parabolic telescope mirror made, and how was it used, and for what kind of telescope was this work done? currently unanswered